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Answer the questions about the text.

1. What are the two functions of headlines?

2. What are grammatical, lexical and stylistic peculiarities of headlines?

The exercises below demonstrate some peculiarities of newspaper headlines in English.

NEWSPAPER HEADLINES

Ex. 1. Certain words are found in newspaper headlines sometimes with a different meaning from that of their normal use. For each of the following “headline words” on the left, find an item on the right with the same meaning (it will help you look at the headlines in exercises 2 and 3 below).


AAXE

BAFFLED

BID

BLAST

BLAZE

CALL

CLASH

CURB

DRAMA

ENVOY

HIT

LEAK

LIFT

POLL

PROBE

QUIT

QUIZ

RAP

RIDDLE

SEEK

SLASH

SPLIT

STORM

TOLL

WED

WOO


a) fire

b) close down, dismiss (usually for economic reasons)

c) conflict, disagree(ment), fight, fighting

d) diplomat, ambassador

e) to escape, escape (of secret information)

f) exciting or dramatic event

g) attempt

h) explosion

i) affect badly

j) remove (restrictions, prohibitions)

k) vote, election, public opinion survey

l) reduce, reduction, limit

m)investigate, investigation

n) criticise, reprimand

o) leave, depart, resign

p) at a loss to explain, mystified

q) attract, interest, win the support of

r) divide, division

s) look for, want, ask for

t) mystery

u) marry

v) angry argument

w) total number of dead

x) to demand, to appeal, demand, appeal

y) question, interrogate, interview

z) reduce drastically


BBAN

BID

FLEE

FOIL

HALT

MOVE

PLEA

OUST

C CHIEF

HAUL

GAG

GEMS

RIG

SWOOP

RESHUFFLE


a) to prevent

b) strong request, call for help, appeal

c) to stop

d) to force out of office, remove from high position

e) to prohibit, prohibition

f) to try to attract

g) run away from, escape

h) action, step, to take action

a) jewels

b) to falsify

c) to rearrange, rearrangement (of senior jobs)

d) raid, to raid

e) director, high-ranking officer or official

f) goods stolen in robbery or taken by police or customs

g) to silence, censor, censorship


Ex. 2. In headlines certain words are used very often because they are short and sound dramatic. Some of these words are not common in ordinary language or are used in a different sense. Headlines also omit certain words (a, the, some, be, been etc.) and use colloquial expressions, abbreviations and different verb tenses. Explain the following headlines in simple English.

Ae.g. UK TO SEND MORE AID TO GHANA

The United Kingdom is going to send more help to Ghana

e.g. STAR TO WED

A film star is going to get married.

1. ARMY AXES 3 BASES 2,000 MEN

2. BID TO REACH NORTH POLE FAILS

3. HOTEL BLAST KILLS 8

4. ANIMALS DIE IN ZOO BLAZE

5. US, USSR CLASH OVER ARMS CURBS

6. 3 SAVED IN FLATS BLAZE DRAMA

7. ENVOY ACCUSED OF SPYING

8. TOURISTS HIT BY PILOTS’ STRIKE

9. PM ANNOUNCES MARCH POLL

10. POLICE PROBE MISSING WOMAN RIDDLE

11. TOP SCIENTIST QUITS UK FOR US

12. 3 QUIZZED OVER BOY’S KIDNAP



13. FILM STAR SEEKS DIVORCE

14. AIR FARES SLASHED TO WOO HOLIDAY MAKERS

15. STORM AT UN OVER “SPIES” ACCUSATION

16. EARTHQUAKE TOLL REACHES 27

17. ACTOR TO WED FOR FIFTH TIME

18. CABINET LEAK: CALL FOR PROBE

19. EU SPLIT OVER LIFTING OF TRAVEL CURBS

20. DEAD ENVOY RIDDLE: YARD BAFFLED

21. PM RAPS BBC IN JOBS AXE STORM

B

1. EDITORS URGE END TO PRESS GAG

2. INDIA SEEKS US AID

3. GEM SMUGGLERS CAUGHT IN PORT SWOOP

4. BANK RAID CASH HAUL FOUND: 3 CHARGED

5. HEAD QUITS OVER “RIGGED” EXAM RESULTS

6. RAIL CHIEFS RESHUFFLED AFTER BIG LOSSES

7. GOVT DEFEATED IN POLL DRAMA

8. PEER DIES IN FLATS BLAZE DRAMA

9. BLAST TOLL RISING: WITNESSES SOUGHT

10. COMMONS STORM OVER DEFENCE CUTS

11. M-WAY DEATH CRASH: BRITON HELD


Date: 2016-04-22; view: 986


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Answer the following questions about the text. | Ex. 5. Put each of the following abbreviations in its correct place in the sentences below. The full version of each abbreviation is given at the end of the exercise.
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