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1. LEAVE NOTHING TO CHANCE. Check everything before you are due to speak Ė room, seating, visibility, acoustics and equipment.

2. KNOW EXACTLY HOW TO START. Plan the first minute of your presentation down to the last detail. Try to memorize your opening words. This will help you to sound confident and in control.

3. GET STRAIGHT TO THE POINT. Donít waste time on long boring introductions. Try to make at least one powerful statement in the first two minutes.

4. TALK TO YOUR AUDIENCE. Many of the best presentations sound more like conversations. So, keep referring back to your audience, ask them questions, respond to their reactions.

5. KNOW WHAT WORKS. Certain things are always popular with an audience: personal experiences, stories with a message, dramatic comparisons, amazing facts they didnít know. Use them to the full.

6. BE CONCISE. Keep your sentences short and simple. Use pauses to punctuate your speech.

7. SPEAK NATURALLY. Donít be afraid to hesitate when you speak, but make sure you pause in the right places. Remember, you are not an actor trying to remember lines. A certain amount of hesitation is actually quite natural.

8. KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE. Speak for your audience, not yourself. Take every opportunity to show how much common ground you share with them. Address their goals, their needs, their concerns.

9. TREAT YOUR AUDIENCE AS EQUALS. Never talk down (or up) to your audience. Treat them as equals, no matter who they are.

10. BE YOURSELF. As far as possible, speak to five hundred people in much the same way you would speak to five. You will obviously need to project yourself more, but your personality shouldn't change.

11. TAKE YOUR TIME. Whenever you make a really important point, pause and let the full significance of what you have said sink in Ö before you move on.

12. DONíT MAKE A SPECIAL EFFORT TO BE FUNNY. If you make a joke, donít stop and wait for laughs. Keep going and let the laughter (if it comes) interrupt you.

13. LET YOUR VISUALS SPEAK FOR THEMSELVES. Good visuals are just that Ė visual. Donít put boring tables of figures and long lines of text on the overhead and read them out. Stick to the main points. Experiment with three-dimensional charts, cartoons, interesting typefaces Ė anything to catch your audienceís attention.

14. NEVER COMPETE WITH YOUR VISUALS. When showing a visual, keep quiet and give people time to take it in. Then make brief comments only. Point to the relevant parts of the visual as you speak. If you want to say more, switch off your projector to do so.

15. DEVELOP YOUR OWN STYLE. Learn from other public speakers, but donít try to copy them. Be comfortable with your own abilities. Donít do anything that feels unnatural for you, just because it works for someone else.

16. ENJOY THE EXPERIENCE. The secret of being an excellent speaker is to enjoy the experience of speaking Ė try to enjoy the experience!

17. WELCOME QUESTIONS FROM YOUR AUDIENCE. When members of your audience ask you a question, it is usually because they have a genuine interest in what you are saying and want to know more. Treat questions as an opportunity to get your message across better.

18. FINISH STRONGLY. When you are ready to finish your presentation, slow down, and lower your voice. Look at the audience and deliver your final words slowly and clearly. Pause, let your words hang in the air a moment longer, smile, say Thank you and then sit down.

(From M. Powell Presenting in English)


13.3. Study the structure of the presentation.


13.4. Below you will find two alternative ways of introducing yourself and the subject of your presentation. Which is formal and which is rather informal?

Perhaps we should begin. OK, letís get started.
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen! Morning, everyone!
My nameís Ö Iím Ö
This morning Iíd like to Ö What I want to do this morning is Ö
- discuss Ö - talk to you aboutÖ
- report on Ö - tell you about Ö
- and present Ö - and show you Ö
If you have any questions youíd like to ask, Iíll be happy to answer them. Feel free to ask any questions you like.
Perhaps we can leave any questions you may have until the end of the presentation. And donít worry, thereíll be plenty of time left over for questions at the end.


13.5. Fill in the gaps with the words in bold.

OK, letís get started. Good morning, everyone. Thanks for coming. Iím (your name). This morning Iím going to be:

Date: 2016-04-22; view: 1129

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