Descriptive paragraphs (explaining how someone or something looks or feels). The topic sentence names the object. The supporting sentences may describe its place, size, shape, colour, functions, appearance feelings caused, etc. The concluding sentence may sum up the general impression/feelings caused by the described object.
Process paragraphs (explaining how something is done) The topic sentence names the process and its importance, purpose. The supporting sentences describe the steps/stages you follow when performing the process. The concluding sentence may contain evaluation of the process.
Opinion paragraphs – an opinion is an idea or belief about a particular subject. Usually opinions are supported by facts. The topic sentence presents the opinion, the supporting sentences present the arguments in favour of the opinion. The concluding sentence reinforces the opinion stated in the topic sentence.
Comparison/contrast (advantages/disadvantages) paragraphs. To compare means to show the similarities between some objects. To contrast means to find differences between objects.
Problem/solution paragraphs explain a problem and then propose a solution/solutions to the it. Usually requires more than one paragraph.
5. STAGES OF PARAGRAPH WRITING
Step 1: Assessing the Assignment. The first step is to know the topic and purpose of the assignment.
Step 2: Generating Ideas. There are many ways to do this; two of the most effective are brainstorming and free writing.
Step 3: Organizing Your Ideas. One way to organize your ideas is a topic outline. You first have to decide what the main idea of the paragraph is. Then you need to consider which points to include in order to support your main point.
Step 4: Writing the First Draft. Once you have your ideas generated and an organizational pattern to follow, you can write your first draft.
Step 5: Rewriting. Rewriting is a critical part of the writing process and consists of two separate processes: revising and editing.
Revise the content. You may start revising as soon as you finish writing, or, better yet, set your paragraph aside for awhile and go back to it later.
Edit the language. The other aspect of rewriting is editing. When you edit, you check to make sure the spelling, capitalization, punctuation, vocabulary, and grammar are correct.
Date: 2015-01-11; view: 1088