The term “Asian-Pacific Region” generally applies to littoral East Asia, South-East Asia and Australia near the Pacific Ocean, plus the states in the Ocean itself (Oceania). The current situation in the Asian-Pacific Region is marked by the dynamism of political and economic forces that are forming the solid tendency to transform the region into an important political and economic center. The APR in the 21st century is expected to be able to compete with Euro-Atlantic region.
China is presently one of the most important core partners of Russia. It’s striking to see, that renewed and strengthen relationship between China and Russia since 1996, with China gaining technological and moral support from Russia, is a powerful factor with some cross impact on the region. China has developed a specific approach of creating a strategic partnership with Russia, a move that she argues is part of the proper quest for a multipolar world. These two powers have also founded the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) embracing the countries of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kirghisia, Tadjikistan, and Uzbekistan). The SOC has already proved to be an effective mechanism of multipronged cooperation in the field of foreign politics, defense, struggle against international terrorism, trade and economy, emergencies, culture, and environmental protection. In July, 2005 Russia and China pledged to develop their partnership at their bilateral summit in the Russian capital. The countries also lashed out at perceived US unilateralism by issuing a declaration demanding a curb on outside interference in nations’ internal affairs. During his visit to Russia from June 30 to July 3, Chinese President Hu Jintao discussed ways to boost bilateral cooperation, including investment and the energy sector, and signed a declaration with President Vladimir Putin denouncing “monopoly and domination in international affairs” and calling for an end to “attempts to divide nations into leaders and those being led”.
Russia and China agreed on the need to fight terrorism and said that double standards on the issue were unacceptable. Russia has often accused the West of having double standards in the “war against terror”.
The leaders offered each other support in Moscow’s war against separatist rebels in Chechnya and Beijing’s efforts to assert control over Taiwan. Hu announced that the two sides had also discussed the promotion of stability in Central Asia, reform of the United Nations and “the nuclear problem of the Korean peninsula”.
The countries praised their improved relations in recent years and said that their declaration was important for future ties. “This declaration has great importance in deepening the strategic cooperation between our two countries,” Hu said. Russia-China ties have warmed with the signing last year and ratification this year of the final settlement of a protracted border dispute. Putin and Hu also agreed to strengthen military ties as they frequently hold joint military exercises.
Moscow’s relations with China and Japan form the centerpiece of its Asian strategy. The growing economies of China and Japan have increasing demand for Russian raw materials and offer tremendous opportunities for trade and investment. As historical adversaries in East Asia, Japan and China are well-suited for the balancing strategy Moscow preferes to pursue.
Today there is a situation at which there is no real military threat within the APR, but at the same time there are lots of destabilizing factors such as uncontrollable armsrace, the problem of Korean peninsula, nuclear proliferation problem etc., which are important factors of international relations in APR as well.