1. took, in, store, someone, a, jewellery, the, town. 2. guilty, not, is, whether, we, can, judge, she. 3. no, was, there, question, a, real, like, he, cop, looked. 4. acted, of, violation, the, in, law, he. 5. her, the, blamed, for, they, accident. 6. John, in, she, against, court, appeared. 7. will, court, Mr. Jones, for, in, you, tomorrow, appear. 8. among, the, the, trade, federal, controls, states, government. 9. goals, American, what, of, six, the, government, are? 10. work, does, balances, this, of, how, system, checks, and? 11. is, Congress, what, of, of, the, job, members, these? 12. members, how, Senate, there, in, are, the, many? 13. representatives, senators, qualifications, what, for, the, and, are?
Exercise 2. Use the article where necessary.
1. Several rivers run into ... sea at... New York. ... most important is ... Hudson River which empties into ... Atlantic Ocean. Besides ... Hudson there are ... two other rivers:... East River and ... Harlem River. 2.... USA is ... largest country in ... America. 3. ... Europe and ... America are separated by ... Atlantic Ocean. 4. We wrote ... dictation yesterday. ... dictation was long. 5. My ... mother is at... work. She is ...judge. 6. Swift,... famous English writer, was travelling one day on ... horseback with his servant. 7. Three men came to ... Hague for ... holiday. They came to ... very large hotel and took ... room there. Their room was on ... forty-fifth floor. 8. What ... foreign languages does your father speak? - He speaks ... English. He studied ... English at ... school. 9. My grandfather graduated from ... Oxford University. 10. We spent last summer in ... Ukraine, in ... little village on ... bank of... big river with ... very warm water. 11.1 want to go to ... Crimea in summer.
Exercise 3. Open the brackets. Use Present Simple orPresent Progressive.
1. The judge ... (to dismiss) all charges. 2. I ... now (to repel) all such imputations. 3. You can borrow my law book. I ... (not to need) it at the moment. 4. Michael ... (to know) family law rather well. He ... (to want) to know criminal law too, but he ... (to have) little time for it now. 5. The jury ... (to bring) in an acquittal. 6. Hurry! The lesson in Criminal law ... (to begin). I ... (not to want) to miss it. 7. What... (to do) your father? - He's a barrister, but he ... (not to work) at the moment. 8. The Commission ... (to publish) the decision. 9. Learning about American Constitution ... (to help) you understand the goals and ideals of the American people. 10. Select committees ... (to investigate) government scandals. 11. I ... (not to prepare) material for seminal in Criminal law now, because I ... (to feel) ill. 12. The federal and state governments also ... (to share) many powers.
Exercise 4. Open the brackets. Use Present Perfect orPast Simple.
1.Recent years ... (to see) a vigorous debate on the opportunities of introducing legislation on franchising. 2. Bob ... (to see) this crime suspect before. 3. Mr. Johnson ... (to work) in the same place as an advocate for thirty-five years, and he is not planning to retire yet. 4. We ... (not to begin) to study for the test yet. 5. Why ... Jim (not to want) to make a speech last Friday? 6. Last night Tom ... (to commit) a robbery at half past twelve. 7. Jorge ... (to read) about the elections in the newspaper already. 8. When ... you (to give up) smoking? 9. Guillermo ... (to call) his charge d'affaires yesterday. 10. George ... (to go) to the secret address at ten o'clock this morning. 11. The House and Senate ... (to pass) strict codes of conduct for their members. 12. You ever ... (to see) a sitting of superior court?
Exercise 5. Openthe brackets. Use Past Perfect or Past Simple.
1. The policeman read the suspect his rights after he ... (to arrest) him. 2, After John ... (to wash) his clothes, he began to study. 3. George ... (to wait) for one
hour before the bus came. 4. Maria ... (to enter) the university after she had graduated from the community college. 5. Jeannette ... (to wash) the pipettes after she had completed the experiment. 6. Jane sent a letter to her university after she ... (to receive) her scholarship check. 7. After the stewardess has served lunch to the passengers, they ... (to sit) down. 8. The car ... (to flip) ten times before it landed on its roof. 9. We corrected our papers after we ... (to take) the quiz. 10. John ... (to live) in Miami for one year when his parents came to visit him. 11. For what two reasons the writers of the Constitution ... (to decide) to create a bicameral legislature? 12. When and why political parties ... (to begin) in the United States?
Exercise 6. Open the brackets. Use the Active Voice.
1. The representative democracy, or republic, that ... (to be) set up by the Constitution is based upon the consent of the people who ... (to govern). 2. The state governments ... (to conduct) elections, ... (to regulate) trade within the state, and ... (to help) provide schools. 3. The United States ... (to have) a constitutional form of government; this means that they ... (to govern) according to the provisions of the Constitution. 4. The writers of the Constitution ... (to believe) that a government must receive all its powers from the people it governs. 5. Why the Constitution ... (to limit) the powers granted to the federal government? 6. The three branches of government ... (to be) the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. 7. The executive branch ... (to include) the Vice President and many other people who ... (to help) the President carry out the executive duties. 8. What ... (to be) the job of these members of Congress? 9. Originally each state ... (to elect) one representative for every 30,000 persons living in the state. 10. In the first Congress, which ... (to meet) in 1789, there ... (to be) 59 representatives in the House. 11. As new states ... (to join) the union and the nation's population increased, the House steadily ... (to grow) in size.
Exercise 7. Fill in the gaps. Make disjunctive questions.
1. She lives near the bank, ... ? 2. There are two regular sessions, or meetings, ... ? 3. The Liberty Bell has been a symbol of American freedom, ... ? 4. Let's consider lawmaking as an example,... ? 5. The federal government did not have these important powers, ... ? 6. If you are 18, take part in the presidential election, ... ? 7. They're barristers, ... ? 8. You will learn more about the three branches of American government, ... ? 9. Each session may last as long as Congress wishes, ... ? 10. The flag should never touch the ground, the floor, or water, ... ? 11. In the past, sessions usually lasted from January 3 until August or September, ... ? 12. The writers of the Constitution gave Congress the greatest amount of power,... ?
Exercise 8. Make questions to the words underlined.
1. The salary the President receives is fixed by Congress. 2. Each house of Congress has a number of standing committees and selects special and temporary committees. 3. Congress exercises general legal control over the employment of government personnel. 4. One of the most disturbing things about the United States today is the violent behavior of our youth. 5. Within any one country the work of police today differs very much from what it was 200 years ago. 6. Most people obey most laws willingly. 7. The system had become corrupted, especially in the cities. 8. In 1844 New York City created the first police department in the United States. 9. The U.S. Constitution establishes the structure of the federal government. 10. Felonies carry more severe punishment than misdemeanors.