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1Öwhat I see as the main advantages of the new system.

2Ö the situation into some kind of perspective.

3Ö you through our basic debt management procedure.

4Ödetailed recommendations regarding our own R&D.

5Ö in more depth the implications of the data in the files in front of you.

Exercise 5. Sort the following expressions.

thanks to, brought about, gave rise to, can be traced back to, accounts for, owing to, resulted in, is attributable to


CAUSE (becauseÖ) EFFECT (andÖ)


Exercise 6.Cross out the verbs which do not fit in the following presentation extracts. The first one has been done for you as an example.

1. First of all, I'd like to preview/ overview/ outlinethe main points of my talk.

2. Perhaps Ishould start off by pointing/ stressing/ remindingthat this is just a preliminary report. Nothing has been finalized as yet.

3. But later on I will, in fact, be putting forward/ putting out/ putting overseveral detailed proposals.

4. One thing I'llbe dealing with/ referring / regardingis the issue of a minimum wage.

5. And Iíll also be asking/ raising/ puttingthe question of privatization.

6. So, what we're really driving at/ aiming at/ looking atare likely developments in the structure of the company over the next five to ten years.

7. If we could just draw / focus/ attractour attention on the short-term objectives to begin with.

8. The eighteen-month plan, which by now you should've all had time to look at, outlines/ reviews/ sets outin detail our main recommendations.

9. Basically, what we're suggesting/ asking/ reviewingis a complete reorganization of staff and plant.

10. I'd now like to turn/ draw/ focusmy attention to some of the difficulties we're likely to face.

11. I'm sure there's no need to draw out/ spell out/ think outwhat the main problem is going to be.

12. But we do need to seriously ask/ answer/ addressthe question of how we are going to overcome it.

13. The basic message I'm trying to get through/ get across/ get tohere is simple. We can't rely on government support for much longer.

14. Disappointing end-of-year figures underline/ undermine/ underestimatethe seriousness of the situation.

15. And the main conclusion we've thought/ got to/ come tois that massive corporate restructuring will be necessary before any privatization can go through.

Exercise 7. Say the following in two different ways: 1.Stress the adjective. 2. Then stress the qualifier (particularly, hardly etc). What's the difference in effect in each case?

1. The results were particularly disappointing.

2. The risks are extremely high.

3. The figures are hardly encouraging.

4. The project is almost complete.

5. We all know that this is a really difficult market.

6. I'm afraid their initial offer was totally unacceptable.

7. The whole thing is virtually impossible.

8. Explaining the situation to head office is going to be rather difficult.

9. Implementing the plan might be slightly problematic.

10. I'm afraid we can't be absolutely certain.


Exercise 8. In technical and scientific presentations where processes and procedures are being described, it is common to use the passive. To sound less formal, use the active with we or they, etc.Remember, simple grammatical choices like these can affect the whole tone of your presentation. Using the words given, make these presentation extracts more informal.

1. Itís a well-known fact that the Internet is the information channel of the future. (Everybody)

2. Itís been proved that direct mailing gets a less than 1% response rate.


3. Itís being suggested that so-called smart drugs can actually increase intelligence. (They)

4. Itís generally agreed that the number of new cases of AIDS is falling.

(Almost everyone)

5. Itís widely believed that Thailand and Malaysia will continue to outgrow Taiwan. (A lot / us)

6. Itís not known whether a mile-high building is technically possible.

(We / not know)

7. Itís a little-known fact that more people die of tuberculosis every year than were killed in both world wars. (A lot / people / not realize) 8. Itís a popular misconception that Total Quality originated in Japan.

(People often / mistake / thinking)

9. Itís debatable whether such an ambitious objective can be achieved in two years. (We canít I sure / we)

10. Itís doubtful whether a cure for the common cold will ever be found.

(We / not expect/ anyone)

Exercise 9. Make questions in order to clarify the information using the given words.  


Date: 2016-04-22; view: 1008

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