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Political system of Great Britain


Population and Geographical position



The full name of Great Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is not a big country. Its area is about 244, 820 square kilometers.

Its population is about 60 million people. The main nationalities are English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish. Great Britain is situated in Western Europe, on the British Isles. It is washed by the North Sea, the Irish Sea and the English Channel.

The United Kingdom is an island state and composed of some 5, 500 islands, large and small. The two main islands of the British Isles are Great Britain to the east and Ireland to the west. They are separated by the Irish Sea.

Great Britain consists of 4 parts: England (London) the southern and the middle part of the island, Scotland (Edinburgh) − the northern part of the island, Wales (Cardiff) a mountainous peninsula in the west, and Northern Ireland (Belfast).

The climate of Great Britain

The climate of Great Britain is mild, moist, wet, temperate and humid because of the influence of the Golf Stream. The weather changes very often. It may be sunshine and showers during the day. The worst thing about the climate in Great Britain is the thick fog, which can last for days and weeks during winter and autumn. Of course it rains throughout the year. They say, "It rains cats and dogs". In the early part of the year high winds are associated with March and the fame of March winds is even perpetuated in nursery rhymes, songs and popular ballads.

Summers are not too hot and winters are not too cold. January and February are usually the coldest months, though winter temperatures below 5 degrees are rare. Average temperatures in England and Wales vary from +4 C in January to 16 C in July and August. In Scotland averages are one or two degrees cooler. During a normal summer the temperature sometimes rises above 25 degrees in the south.


Political system of Great Britain

Date: 2016-03-03; view: 1211

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