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General scientific background of linguo-stylistics. Information theory and stylistics. The definition of information. Different types of information.

Stylistics as a linguistic discipline. The subject-matter of stylistics and its basic notions.

The word ‘stylistics’ is derived from ‘style’ which originates from the Latin ‘stylus/stilus’ – a slender pointed writing instrument (a small stick with a pointed end) used by the ancient Greeks and Romans as they scratched letters on wax-covered plates (or wax tablets).

The scope of problems stylistics is to solve is up to discussion at the present day.

Stylisticsis a linguistic discipline which studies nominative and communicative language units and the principles according to which the units of all language levels are selected for achieving a certain pragmatic aim in different communicative situations. (Morokhovsky).

Stylisticsis the study of style, which can be defined as the analysis of distinctive expressions in language and the description of its purpose and effect (Peter Verdonk).

Stylisitics is a branch of general linguistics, which deals with the following two interdependent tasks:

a) studies the totality of special linguistic means ( stylistic devices and expressive means ) which secure the desirable effect of the utterance;

b) studies certain types of texts "discourse" which due to the choice and arrangement of the language are distinguished by the pragmatic aspect of communication (functional styles).Galperin

The subject-matter of stylistics can be outlined as the study of the nature, functions and structure of stylistic devices, on the one hand, and, on the other, the study of each style of language as classified, its aim, its structure, its characteristic features and the effect it produces, as well as its interrelation with other styles of language.

Branches in stylistic: Linguistic Stylistics, Literary Stylistics, Corpus Stylistics, Feminist Stylistics, Film Stylistics, Functionalist Stylistics, Historical Stylistics, Multimodal Stylistics

We do stylistics to

-enrich our ways of thinking about language by shedding light on the language system, as well as learning the ‘rules’ of language (stylistics often explores texts where those rules are bent);

-acquire the skills of adequate comprehension and accurate interpretation of texts used in different spheres of human communication (mass media, editorials, brief news, analytical articles, scientific prose, poetry, drama, etc.)

 

General scientific background of linguo-stylistics. Information theory and stylistics. The definition of information. Different types of information.

The Sources of Stylistics:

• Rhetoric – the art of creating speech;

• Poetics the process of artistic creation;

• Dialectics – the study of methods of persuasion.

The futher development of stylistics was based on the three above-mentioned sources, form which poetics went its own way and developed into what is now known as literary critisism.

The term stylistics is a broad notion. Most linguists define such major types of stylistics, such as: lingvo-stylistics, literary stylistics, applied stylistics, contrastive stylistics.



Lingvo-stylistics is a science of functional styles (f.s.) and the expressive potential of a language.

Information theory - decoding stylistics

In terms ofinformation theorythe author’s style may be named the stylistics of encode – the language being viewed as the code to shape the information into the message and the supplier of information respectively, the author is the encoder (addresser). The audience in this case plays the part of the decoder of the information contained in the message and the problem connected with the adequate reception of the message without any information loses and deformation that is with adequate decoding other concern of decoding stylistics.

Information, in terms of philosophy, is the inner content of the process of reflection which results in changing the characteristics of some objects due to the influence of other objects they interact with.

Denotative information- is the contential nucleus of a language unit which 1) names the subject-matter of communication; 2) is not predetermined by the communication act; 3) directly or indirectly refers to the object or notion of reality.

Connotative informationis the contential periphery of a language unit which: 1) depends upon different aspects of communication act (time, participants, etc). 2) expresses the speaker's attitude to the subject-matter of communication, to the listener os to the social status of the interlocutors.

Message is the information which the speaker intends to transmit to (or, rather, to provoke in) the listener. Signalis the information materialized verbally (e.g. in a sound form) or non-verbally (e.g. dance, a piece of music etc.), as a text etc.

Communication channelis constituted by the physical, situational, cultural, social, economic, or political environment in which the signal is transmitted.


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 962


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