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L12. Contemporary nontraditional religious movements and cults

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL CORPORATION

Syllabus

Religious Studies All specialties, Categories A,B

2 credits: 1 1ecture, 1 practical Term- 2

Academic year

Golikova Valentina Ivanovna, senior lecturer

 

Lectures (L)

Module 1

L1. Religion in a system of scientific knowledge

The subject of religious studies. Definitions of religion. Religion as spiritual culture and as a schools and directions. Kazakhstani researchers of religion.

L2. Role of religion in the human beings history.

Material and spiritual needs of a human being. Needs as beginning, moving force and orientation in life. Evolution of life. Contradictory character of development, progress and regress. Culture and anticulture. Spiritual life and spiritual culture.

L3. Religion: historical forms and modernity

Problems and causes of religions emergence: approaches and interpretations. Classification of religions. Historical types and forms of religions. Religions of the West and East. Evolution of religious consciousness. Pre-religious and religious forms of consciousness.

L4. Buddhism: basics of creeds and cults

Prerequisites of Buddhism emergence. Basics of Buddhism viewpoint. Gautama and his preaching. Philosophy of Buddhism. Teaching of Buddhism. Main directions in Buddhism. Holy books. Buddhism and science. Buddhism in Kazakhstan.

L5. Christianity: history and modernity

Main notions. Holy Scripture. The church. Trinity teaching. Symbol of creed. Christianity. Christianity teaching, spreading. Rituals and sacraments in Christianity.

Separation of religion on two directions. Orthodox Christianity. Christianity in the territory of Kazakhstan.

L6. Christianity Catholicism

Emergence and spreading of Catholicism. Main stages in Catholic church development. Head of the Catholic church. Catholic canons.

L7. World religions. Protestantism in Christianity

Formation of Reformation. History of Protestantism formation. Peculiarities and main features in Protestantism. Impact of Protestantism on the Old and New World.

 

Module 2

L8. Essence of Islam and its place in the contemporary world

Historical background of emergence and spreading of Islam. Peculiarities of teaching, main directions.Foundation and spread of Islam. Islam doctrine. Main dogmas of Islam. The Koran and Sunna. Pillars of Islam. Mosque as a religious center. Sharia as moral-legal fundamentals of Islam.

L9. Directions in Islam: Sunni, Shia, Sufi

Essence of the main religious directions. Schools of Islamic jurisprudence: Khanafi, Maliki, Shafii, Khanbali

L10. Islam in the contemporary world

Islamic umma. Territory of Islam spreading. Peculiarities of Islam in Kazakhstan. SADUM. Islam and politics.

L11. Holy scriptures as cultural evidence

Notion of Holy canon. Historical backgrounds of texts formation. Tanah. Bible. History of the Koran formation.



L12. Contemporary nontraditional religious movements and cults

Nontraditional religions emergence. Mysticisms and its roots. Causes of nontraditional religions and mysticism spreading. Characteristic features of these movements and cults, problem of classification.


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 597


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