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Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple.

1. Are you hungry? Do you want something to eat? (you/want)

2. Jill is interested in politics but she --- to a political party. (not/belong) does not belong to

3. Don't put the dictionary away. I --- it. (use) Iím using it

4. Don't put the dictionary away. I --- it. (need) I need it.

5. Who is that man? What ---? (he/want) does he want

6. Who is that man? Why --- at us? (he/look) is he looking

7. George says he's 80 years old but nobody --- him. (believe) - believes

8. She told me her name but I --- it now. (not/remember) Ė donít remember

9. I --- of selling my car. (think) Would you be interested in buying it? Am thinking

10. I --- you should sell your w

car. (think) You --- it very often. (not/use) think, donít use

11. I used to drink a lot of coffee but these days I --- tea. (prefer) prefer

12. Air --- mainly of nitrogen and oxygen. (consist) consists

 

4.4 Complete the sentences using the most suitable form of be. Sometimes you must use the simple (am/is/are) and sometimes the continuous is more suitable (am/is/are being).

1. I can't understand why he's being so selfish. He isn't usually like that.

2. Jack --- very nice to me at the moment. I wonder why. Ė was being

3. You'll like Jill when you meet her. She --- very nice. - is

4. Normally you are very sensible, so why --- so silly about this matter? Are you being

5. Why isn't Sarah at work today? --- ill? Ė Is she being

 

 

UNIT 5. Past simple (I did)

A. Study this example:

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian musician and composer. He lived from 1756 to 1791. He started composing at the age of five and wrote more than 600 pieces of music. He was only 35 years old when he died.

Lived/started/wrote/was/died are all past simple.

 

B. Very often the past simple ends in -ed (regular verbs):

* I work in a travel agency now. Before that I worked in a shop.

* We invited them to our party but they decided not to come.

* The police stopped me on my way home last night.

* She passed her examination because she studied very hard.

For spelling (stopped, studied etc.), see Appendix 6.

But many verbs are irregular. The past simple does not end in -ed. For example:

write -> wrote

* Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.

see -> saw

* We saw Rose in town a few days ago.

go -> went

* I went to the cinema three times last week.

shut -> shut

* It was cold, so I shut the window.

For a list of irregular verbs, see Appendix 1.

 

C. In questions and negatives we use did/didn't + infinitive (enjoy/see/go etc.):

I/she/they: enjoyed/saw/went

Did: you/she/they: enjoy?/see?/go?

I/she/they: didn't: enjoy/see/go

* A: Did you go out last night?

B: Yes, I went to the cinema but I didn't enjoy the film much.

* 'When did Mr Thomas die?' 'About ten years ago.'

* They didn't invite her to the party, so she didn't go.

* 'Did you have time to write the letter?' 'No, I didn't.'



Be careful when do is the main verb in the sentence:

* What did you do at the weekend? (not 'what did you at the weekend')

* I didn't do anything. (not 'I didn't anything')

 

D. The past of be (am/is/are) is was/were:

I/he/she/it was/wasn't

we/you/they were/weren't

was I/he/she/it?

were we/you/they?

Note that we do not use did in negatives and questions with was/were:

* I was angry because they were late.

* Was the weather good when you were on holiday?

* They weren't able to come because they were so busy.

* Did you go out last night or were you too tired?

 

 

EXERCISES

5.1 Read what Sharon says about a typical working day:

SHARON

I usually get up at 7 o'clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work, which takes me about half an hour. I start work at 8.45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o'clock. i'm always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don't usually go out. I go to bed at about 11 o'clock. I always sleep well.

Yesterday was a typical working day for Sharon. Write she did or didn't do yesterday.

1. She got up at 7 o'clock.

2. She --- a big breakfast.

3. She ---.

4. It --- to get to work.

5. --- at 8.45.

6. --- lunch.

7. --- at 5 o'clock.

8. --- tired when --- home.

9. --- a meal yesterday evening.

10. --- out yesterday evening.

11. --- at 11 o'clock.

12. --- well last night.

5.2 Put one of these verbs in each sentence:

buy catch cost drink fall hurt sell spend teach throw win write

1. Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.

2. 'How did you learn to drive?' 'My father --- me.'

3. We couldn't afford to keep our car, so we --- it.

4. I was very thirsty. I --- the water very quickly.

5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He's much better than me, so he --- easily.

6. Don --- down the stairs this morning and --- his lag.

7. Jim --- the ball to Sue, who --- it.

8. Ann --- a lot of money yesterday. She --- a dress which --- l100.


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 1378


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