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I. Roots and suffixes used in the Greek and Latin medical terms



Greek and Latin roots English word elements Meaning Examples of medical terms
cheil-; (-cheilia) cheil- (-cheilia) lip cheilōsis
derm-; dermat-; (-dermia) derm-; dermat-; -dermia skin dermatologia
hyster-; metr- hyster- uterus hysterotomia metrotomia
nephr- nephr- kidney nephropexia
oste- oste- bone osteologia
proct- proct- anus and rectum proctectomia
pyel- pyel- renal pelvis pyelographia
rhin- rhin- nose rhinopathia
spondyl- spondyl- vertebrae; backbone spondylōsis
stomat- stomat- mouth stomatītis


Greek and Latin suffixes English word elements Meaning Examples of medical terms
-genēsis -genesis origin; cause pathogenēsis
-gēnus, a, um -genic; -genous developing from inner state; to be the result of gastrogēnus
-ītis -itis inflammation dermatītis
-ōma -oma tumour; swelling angiōma
-ōsis -osis abnormal condition; disease keratōsis
-pexia -pexy fixation enteropexia
-scopia -scopy internal examination gastroscopia


Greek and Latin prefixes English word elements Meaning Examples of medical terms
endo- endo- within; in endometrītis
para- para- beside; near parametrītis
peri- peri- surrounding (outer) perinephrītis




1. Build up clinical terms with the given roots and suffixes, explain their meaning:

-(o)scopia (gastr-; cholecyst-; colp-; cyst-; stomat-; rhin-; cyt-; proct-);

-(o)pexia (hyster-; nephr-; proct-; enter-);

-(o)pathia (rhin-; spondyl-; nephr-; oste-; cholecyst-; encephal-; angi-; mast-; cardi-);

-itis (colp-; nephr-; proct-; cholecyst-; kerat-; pyel-; dermat-; cheil-; stomat-; rhin-; encephal-; mast-; spondyl-);

para- (-metritis; -nephritis; -proctitis);

endo- (-genus; -scopia; -metritis; -cardium; -carditis).

2. Explain the meaning of the following terms:

1) angiocholecystitis angioma angiomatosis angiopathia angiitis angiologia 2) nephritis nephrectomia nephropathia nephroma nephropexia nephropyelitis nephrosis nephrotomia  
3) pyelographia pyelocystitis pyelitis pyelonephritis pyelotomia   4) dermatitis dermatologia dermatoma dermatosis
5) pathologia biologia osteologia proctologia nephrologia stomatologia cardiologia cytologia angiologia 6) osteogenesis osteologia osteoectomia osteoma osteopathia osteotomia ostitis endosteum


3. Give the Greek & Latin variants and explain the meaning of the following terms:

endoscopy; osteotomy; endometritis; endocardium; endocarditis; metritis; metropathy; dermatology; spondylotomy; nephrogenic; nephropathy; osteocytoma; nephropexy; pyelography; proctoscopy; gastroscopy; enteropexy; spondylopathy; encephalopathy; proctectomy; keratosis; osteology; keratoma; nephroma; osteopathology; spondilitis.


4. Give the Latin spelling of the terms; explain their meaning:

nephrology; endogenous; nephropyelography; colposcopy; metrography; angiitis; angiocardiogram; spondylosis; osteopathy; stomatology; stomatoscopy; cholecystopexy; osteoma; osteogenesis; gastrogenic; dermatology; rhinopathy; perinephritis; endometritis; gastrectomy; nephrogram; mastectomy; osteocytes; spondylogram; dermatoscopy.




In this lesson you will:

Learn new basic roots and suffixes used in the Greek and Latin medical terms.

Use these component elements to form and understand medical terms.


This lesson is divided into the following sections:

I. Roots and suffixes used in the Greek and Latin medical terms.

II. Exercises.



Date: 2016-03-03; view: 912

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