4.4This time you have to put the verb into the correct form. All the sentences are past.
Example: I didnt go (not/go) to work yesterday because I wasnt (not/be) very well.
1. Tom . (not/shave) this morning because he .. (not/have) time.
2. We . (not/eat) anything because we . (not/be) hungry.
3. I . (not/rush) because I . (not/be) in a hurry.
4. She (not/be) interested in the book because she .. (not/understand) it.
UNIT 5Past continuous (I was doing)
a)Study this example situation:
Yesterday Tom and Jim played tennis. They began at 10 o'clock and finished at 11 o'clock.
What were they doingat 10.30?
They were playing tennis (at 10.30).
'They were playing' means that they were in the middle of playing tennis. They had started playing but they hadn't finished.
This is the past continuous tense:
I / he / she was
we / they / you were
We use the past continuous to say that someone was in the middle of doing something at a certain time. The action or situation had already started before this time but hadn't finished:
- This time last year I was living in Brazil.
- What were you doing at 10 o'clock last night?
b) The past continuous does not tell us whether an action was finished or not. Perhaps it was finished, perhaps not. Compare:
- Tom was cooking the dinner. (past continuous ) = He was in the middle of cooking the dinner and we don't know whether he finished cooking it.
- Tom cookedthe dinner, (past simple) = He began and finished it.
c) We often use the past continuous (I was doing) and the past simple (I did) together to say that something happened in the middle of something else:
- Tom burnt his hand when he was cooking the dinner.
- I saw Jim in the park. He was sitting on the grass and readinga book.
- It was raining when I got up.
- While I was working in the garden, I hurtmy back..
But to say that one thing happened after another, use the past simple:
- Yesterday evening Tom was having a bath when the phone rang. He gotout of the bath and answered the phone.
- When Tom arrived, we were having dinner. (past continuous) = We had already started dinner before Tom arrived.
- When Tom arrived, we had dinner. (past simple) = Tom arrived and then we had dinner.
Note:There are some verbs (for example know) which are not normally used in continuous tenses.
5.1Here is a list of some things that Ann did yesterday (and the times at which she did them):
1. 8.45-9.15 had breakfast
4. 12.45-1.30 had lunch
2. 9.15-10.00 read the newspaper
5. 2.30-3.30 washed some clothes
3. 10.00-12.00 cleaned her flat
6. 4.00-6.00 watched television
Now write sentences saying what she was doing at these times:
5.2 A group of people were staying in a hotel. One evening the fire alarm rang. Use the words in brackets to make sentences saying what each person was doing at the time. Example: (Don / have / a bath). Don was having a bath
1. (Ann / write / a letter in her room) Ann .
2. (George / get / ready to go out) George .
3. (Carol and Dennis / have / dinner) Carol and Dennis .. ..
5.4Put the verb into the correct form, past continuous or past simple.
Example: While Tom was cooking (cook) the dinner, the phone rang (ring).
1. George (fall) off the ladder while he, (paint) the ceiling.
2. Last night I .. (read) in bed when suddenly I (hear) a scream.
3. . (you/watch) television when I phoned you?
4. Ann .. (wait) for me when I .. (arrive).
5. I (not/drive) very fast when the accident (happen).
6. I (break) a plate last night. I .. .. (do) the washing-up when it (slip) out of my hand.
7. Tom . (take) a photograph of me while I (not/look).
8. We (not/go) out because it .. (rain).
9. What . (you/do) at this time yesterday?
UNIT 6Present perfect (I have done)
a) Study this example situation:
Tom is looking for his key. He can't find it.
He has lost his key.
'He has lost his key' means that he lost it a short time ago and he still hasn't got it.
This is the present perfect (simple) tense:
I/we/they/you have(= I've etc.)
he/she has (= he's etc.)
I (etc.) haven't have you (etc.)
he/she hasn't has he/she
We form the present perfect with have/has + the past participle. The past participle often ends in -ed (opened, decided) but many important verbs are irregular (lost, written, doneetc.).
b) When we use the present perfect there is a connection with the present:
- I've lost my key. (= I haven't got it now.)
- Jim has gone to Canada. (= He is in Canada or on his way there now.)
- Oh dear, I've forgotten her name. (= I can't remember it now.)
- Have you washedyour hair? (= is it clean now?)
c) We often use the present perfect to give new information or to announce a recent happening:
- I've lost my key. Can you help me look for it?
- Do you know about Jim? He's gone to Canada.
- Ow! I've burnt myself.
You can use the present perfect with just (= a short time ago):
- 'Would you like something to eat?' 'No, thanks. I'vejust had lunch.'
- Hello, haveyou just arrived?
You can use the present perfect with already to say that something has happened sooner than expected:
- 'Don't forget to post the letter, will you?' 'I've already posted it.'
- 'When is Tom going to start his new job?' 'He has already started.'
d) Study the difference between gone to and been to:
- Ann is on holiday. She has goneto Italy. (= She is there now or she is on her way there.)
- Tom is back in England now. He has beento Italy. (= He was there but now he has come back.)
6.1 You are writing a letter to a friend and giving news about people you both know. Use the words given to make sentences and put the verb into the correct form.
Example: Phil / find a new job Phil has found a new job. .
Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.