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Complete the sentences with words from the box.

casual bonus flexible migrant perks seasonal security self-employed shift turnover

1 In summer, some students are employed as .. casual workers by our local hospital.

2 Apparently, all EU states have declined to ratify the UN Convention on the Rights of............Workers and their Families.

3 Are you employed by a company, or are you............?

4 In call centres, absence and employee............rates can be as high as 30 per cent and 100 per cent respectively.

5 In many countries.............work is often available on farms, orchards and vineyards and in forests.

6 It is often said that............work can have a very damaging effect on your sleep patterns.

7. Most people want to be paid reasonably and to be given some job ............and a degree of responsibility for their work.

8 Some companies offer unusual............such as massage, salsa classes and plastic surgery.

9 Understandably, working mothers and fathers often seek............hours

10. If you do not meet your performance targets, you will lose your.........

6. Complete the pairs of synonyms with items from the box.

dismiss layoff leave select take on terminate

1 to end /............a contract

2 to fire /............an employee

3 to recruit /............staff

4 to make staff redundant /to............staff

5 to choose /............a candidate

6 to quit/............one's job

7. Match the words to make collocations. Then complete the sentences on page 29 with the correct words.

1promotion— a)culture

2 work b) facilities

3 attrition ń) policy

4 conflict d) opportunities

5 recreational e) rates

6 human f) resolution

7 employment g) resources

8 job h) satisfaction

1. Attractive fringe benefits and promotion îpportunities, help increase staff motivation.

2 A number of call centres have on-site.........................such as football tables and cafes.

3 Despite high.........................call centres in India are expected to continue to grow.

4 Giving staff more responsibility and praising them for their achievements can increase.........................

5 High employee turnover is a huge challenge for........................ managers.

6 It was the company's revolving door........................that was the cause of low employee loyalty.

7 Managers need good........................skills so that minor problems do not degenerate into an industrial dispute.

8 Some people argue that government........................should include controls over working hours.

8. Complete each set of sentences with the same word.

1The new regulations............to all companies employing 150 or more. Fraudsters can use your personal details to............for credit cards, loans and other financial products. She is planning to............for a full-time job as a computer technician.

2 Our consultant helped us to resolve the conflict and to............mutually beneficial relationships. The new manager's ambition is to............up the company to be an industry leader. We will............on last year's success and improve our earnings before interest and tax by 15 per cent.



3 How can consultation exist when company directors may be thinking of substituting their permanent workforce with a cheaper............supply based overseas?

At the meeting, workers will vote whether to withdraw their............or to continue working. The company is desperately trying to keep down............costs.

4 The new manager soon............a reputation as an expert on conflict resolution. She worked extremely hard but............only a meagre wage. While he was in Canada, he............a living as a music teacher.

5 The British car industry had one of its most depressing years on............. The company was trying to raise production rates to a............level. The candidate should have a proven............of excellent research or be able to demonstrate potential for such research.

 

Employment trends

1. Rewrite the sentences using the opening expression given.

1A change in employment law has rarely been greeted with so much enthusiasm.

Rarely has a change in employment law been greeted with so much employmen

2 Employers should never discriminate against job applicants on the grounds of creed, ethnicity or gender.

On no account.................................................................

3 She had just been promoted to head of department when the company was put into administration.

Hardly..........................................................................

4 He had to answer countless abusive phone calls. In addition, he worked alternate weekends.

Not only........................................................................

5 This is the first time they have shown such concern for the safety of their staff.

Never before...................................................................

6 We can only shortlist candidates after we've gone through all the appliqcations.

Only after......................................................................

7 We may not leave the premises without clocking off.

Under no circumstances......................................................

8 Work is more stressful in call centres than anywhere else.

Nowhere.......................................................................

9 He was dismissed immediately after complaining about the working conditions.

No sooner......................................................................

Ţ Staff were not allowed to make personal phone calls from the office. They were not allowed to use the Internet either.

Staff were not allowed to make personal phone calls from the office. Neil

2. Complete the text with items from the box below. You will only need six of the eight sentences given. Translate the text into your language.

The puzzle of the lost womenSari Baldauf did it at Nokia, Brenda Barnes at PepsiCo and Penny Hughes at Coca-Cola. ,f..'

They are the headline-grabbing tip of an iceberg. Women graduates enter many companies and professional firms in nearly equal numbers to men, 'but they drop out as they rise up the ranks. How to hold on to this talent, and increase women's representation in senior jobs, has become a serious concern.

Is discrimination to blame? __2 Or are women less ambitious, less willing to play power games and more susceptible to demands outside work?

All of these elements play a part, as several new studies reveal. A recent survey shoves that 58 per cent of highly qualified women in the US have non-linear careers - spending part of them in jobs with reduced hours or responsibility, for example. Nearly four in ten take a complete break from work averaging just over two years.

For companies that lose talented women, the survey contains worrying news. None of those who left jobs in business, banking or finance wanted to return to their former employer.__3

In career terms, stepping off the corporate treadmill is no bad thing for some high-fliers. Ms Barnes rose to the top of PepsiCo North America in her 22-year career there and then spent the best part of seven years with her children, while taking some directorships…..4

Meanwhile Ms Hughes, who was president of Coca-Cola in Britain and Ireland before taking

time out for her family, now holds! prestigious non-executive directors ships at several global companies.

__5 Even highly qualified women can have difficulty finding a job commensurate with their skills, or getting any work at all, after taking a break. The USsurvey demonstrates unequivocally that these women do not lose interest in their careers, but they do lose out financially.....6

This is partly because many choose to return to more flexible work. Those who opt for reduced hours can end up being sidelined. But it does not have to be this way. Jobs involving reduced hours can benefit employee and employer, provided both are committed and can be flexible.

FINANCIAL TIMES

 

a) None of this means women are necessarily less effective leaders.

b) Those who take a break from business and finance forfeit on average 28 per cent of their earning power.

c) In fact, the overriding factor in their decision to take a career break was not family, as people might assume, but lack of job satisfaction.

d) Is corporate culture at fault by favouring the linear career path traditionally taken by men?

e) Last month, she became chief executive of Sara Lee, the consumer goods company she joined only last year.

f) All three women quit top jobs at the height of their careers to pursue outside interests and responsibilities.

g) Equally, women must learn to manage their careers more effectively. h) But such cases are unusual.

3. Read the passage below about job satisfaction.

• In most of the lines 1-14there is one extra wordwhich does not fit. Some lines, however, are correct.

• If a line is correct,put a tick on the appropriate line.

• If there is an extra wordin the line, write that word in the space provided.

1. According to a recent survey, most employees enjoy their work. Why then do so many

2. become sick of their jobs? The answer, according to the same survey, is that a poor

3. management often erodes in one or all of the three underlying factors that underpin job

4. satisfaction: achievement, fair of treatment and social acceptance among workmates.

5. Such apparently simple needs are not easy to fulfil. Too many managers have a

6. tendency to wreck under the natural enthusiasm of employees for their work. Most

7. people enter in a new organisation and job with enthusiasm, eager to contribute, to feel

8. proud of their work and their organisation. But perversely, many managers then appear

9. to do their best to demotivate employees. In order to enjoy in a sense of achievement,

10. an employee not only needs many meaningful and challenging work and pride in the

11. company, but also recognition for a job they well done. A simple 'thank you' can

12. influence no perceptions that the work is valued. However, only half of employees

13. claim to have sufficient feedback, and then if much of it tends to be negative.

14. Constructive feedback is all too rare, probably because giving effective feedback on an

employee's performance is one of the tasks that managers find most difficult.

 


Date: 2016-01-14; view: 1723


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