Part B. Choose which of the four underlined words or phrases in each sentence is grammatically incorrect.
15.) Soon after Mel has finished his thesis, he will leave for Boston, where he has a job waiting on him.
16.) The coach was depending for his team to win the game so that they would have a chance to play in the Super Bowl.
17.) A characteristic of American higher education is that credit for work is transferablebetween universities.
18.) Not until recently has interest oftidal electric power plants been revived.
19.) Many of the problems associated with aging such as disorientation and irritability may resultfrom to eat an unbalanced diet.
20.) Accountants are always busiest on April because both federal and state taxes are due on the fifteenth.
21.) Led by Daniel Webster, the Whig party was one of the two major political powers in the United States from 1834 and 1852.
22) Despite of the fact that backgammon is easy to learn, it is as difficult to playas chess.
23.) There areno pouched animals in the United Statesbut only the opossum.
24.) George Ellery Hale and his colleagues designed the two-hundred-inch telescope on Mount Palomarstudy the structure of the universe.
25.) Many of the famous advertising offices are locatedin Madison Avenue.
26.) The government raises money to operate by tax cigarettes, liquor, gasoline, tires, and telephone calls.
27.) Urban consumers have formed co-operatives to providethemselves with necessities such groceries, household appliances, and gasoline at a lower cost.
28.) Many roads and railroads were builtin the 1880sbecause of the industrial cities needed a network to link them with sources of supply.
29.) In a federal form of government likethat of the United States, power is dividedbetween the legislative, execuive, and judicial branches.
30.) Sharks differ fromother fish in that their skeletons are made of cartilage instead bone.
15.) "on him" should be "for him"
16.) "depending for" should be "depending on"
17.) "between" should be "among"
18.) "interest of" should be "interest in"
19.) "from to eat" should be "from eating"
20.) "on April" should be "in April"
21.) "and 1852" should be "until" or "till"
22.) "Despite of" should be "Despite"
23.) "but only" should be "but"
24.) "study" should be "to study"
25.) "in" should be "on"
26.) "tax" should be "taxing"
27.) "such" should be "such as"
28.) "because of" should be "because"
29.) "between" should be "among"
30.) "instead" should be "instead of"
III.) Reading Comprehension (11 minutes)
(1) Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a Swedish inventor and philanthropist, bequeathed most of his vast fortune to a trust that he designated as a fund from which annual prizes could be awarded to the individuals and organizations that had achieved through invention or discovery that which would have the greatest benefit to humanity in a particular year. (2) According to the legend, Nobel's death had been erroneously reported in a newspaper, and the focus of the obituary was the fact that Nobel had invented dynamite. (3) He rewrote his will in 1895, thereby establishing, with the original amount of nine million dollars, the Nobel Foundation as the legal owner and administering agent of the funds, and instituting the prizes that are named after him. (4) Statutes to govern the awarding of the prizes were written, along with guidelines for operating procedures. (5) Five years after Nobel's death, the first five prizes, worth about forty thousand dollars each, were to be awarded.
(6) Originally the five classifications for outstanding contributions designated in Nobel's will included chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, and international peace. (7) These prizes have been administered continuously by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm since they were first awarded in 1901. (8) In 1969, a sixth prize, for accomplishments in the field of economics and endowed by the Central Bank of Sweden, was added. (9) Candidates for the prizes must be nominated in writing by February 1 of each year by a qualified and recognized authority in each of the fields of competition. (10) Recipients in physics, chemistry, and economics are selected by the Royal Swedish Academy, whereas recipients in peace are chosen by the Norwegian Novel Committee appointed by Norway's parliament. (11) With the King of Sweden officiating, the prizes are usually presented in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death. (12) The value, fame, and prestige of the Nobel prizes have continued to grow. Today the prize includes a medal, a diploma, and a cash award of about one million dollars.
1.) What does this passage mainly discuss?
A.) Alfred Bernhard Nobel B.) The Nobel Prizes
C.) Great contributions to mankind D.) Swedish philanthropy
2.) Why were the prizes named for Alfred Bernhard Nobel?
A.) He left money in his will to establish a fund for the prizes
B.) He won the first Nobel Prize for his work in philanthropy
C.) He is now living in Sweden
D.) He serves as chairman of the committee to choose the recipients of the prizes.
3.) The word "will" in the third sentence of the first paragraph refers to
A.) Nobel's wishes B.) a legal document
C.) a future intention D.) a free choice
4.) How often are the Nobel Prizes awarded?
A.) Five times a year B.) Once a year
C.) Twice a year C.) Once every two years
5.) The following sentence can be added to the passage: "When he read this objective summary of his life, the great chemist, it is said, decided that he wanted his name to be remembered for something more positive and humanitarian than inventing an explosive that was a potential weapon." Where would it best fit in the passage?
A.) after sentence 1. B.) after sentence 2.
C.) after sentence 4. D.) after sentence 5.
6.) The word "outstanding" in the sixth sentence (in the second paragraph) could best be replaced by
A.) recent B.) unusual
C.) established D.) exceptional
7.) A Nobel prize would NOT be given to
A.) an author who wrote a novel B.) a doctor who discovered a vaccine
C.) a composer who wrote a symphony D.) a diplomat who negotiated a peace settlement
8.) What does the author mean by the statement: "These prizes have been administered continually by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm since they were first awarded in 1901?"
A.) The Nobel Foundation overseas the management of the money and the distribution of the prizes
B.) The Nobel Foundation selects the recipients of the prizes.
C.) The Nobel Foundation solicits applications and recommendations for the prizes.
D.) The Nobel foundation recommends new prize classifications.
9.) Why are the awards presented on December 10?
A.) It is a tribute to the King of Sweden
B.) Alfred Bernhard Nobel died on that day
C.) That date was established in Alfred Nobel's will.
D.) The Central Bank of Sweden administers the trust.
10.) Look at the word "prize" in the last sentence. Which of the following words is closest in meaning?