Complete the following sentences using Subjunctive Mood.
Model : If had known this rule… ( to make so many mistakes) – If he had known this rule he would not have made so many mistakes.
1. It’s a pity Mary isn’t here now…(to begin the experiment). 2. I’m sorry you didn’t come yesterday… (to introduce you to my parents). 3. If you took part in these sporting competitions…(to do a lot of good). 4. If you had kept this fruit in a cool place… (not to spoil ).
Work in pairs. Ask your groupmate the following questions, let him/her answer them.
1. Suppose tomorrow is your mother’s birthday. What would you give her as a present? 2. Suppose the weather is fine on Sunday. Where would you go ? 3. Suppose the weather is bad on Sunday. How would you spend it? 4. Suppose you are in a hurry. Would you go by bus or by taxi? 5. Suppose you are going to the South for a holiday. Would you go by train or by air? 6. Suppose you have a chance to go either to the theatre or to the concert of a good pianist. Which would you prefer? 7. When I was at the library yesterday the librarian showed me a detective story and a classic English novel. Which book would you have taken?
Complete the following interrogative sentences. Let your groupmate answer them.
1. What would you do if you… (to meet a schoolfriend; to want to speak good English; to fail in the examination; not to enter the University; to be late for the lecture; to need a textbook in class; not to understand some English words in the text)?
2. What would have happened if you…( not to help her; not to work much; not to keep fruit in a cool place)?
3. Where would you go tonight if you… (to be free; not to have much homework; not to be busy)?
Complete the following sentences .
1. Were my son with me … .
2. Were you in Astana now … .
3. Were he a better chess – player … .
4. Had I a faithful friend … .
5. Were you free tomorrow … .
6. Were it autumn now … .
7. Had they seen the film … .
8. Had he heard the news at once … .
9. Had she spoken more distinctly … .
10. Hadn’t it been stuffy here … .
11. Had he graduated from the University last year … .
12. Had you fallen ill … .
13. Could he cook …. .
14. Had she known the facts …. .
15. Could he have repaired his car … .
Read the following sentences. Comment on the use and meaning of the verb forms.
1. I wish I could speak Spanish. 2. He wished he had his father’s talent. 3. I wish you were listening to me attentively. 4. I wish you were here and knew what we know. 5. Alec wished he had gone with them. 6. We wish it were sunny and warm all year round 7. Mother wished Ann didn’t have a bad cold. 8. I wished I had stayed in the country longer. 9. She wished she hadn’t been rude to him. 10. We wish we had known about the incident then. 11. I wish you could have kept us company that night. 12. I wish you would come to my party tomorrow. 13. He only wished he could work more.
Colors In Nature
Beauty in nature is seen everywhere. Nature is full of color. Plants, animals, birds, and insects have many beautiful colors. Color, however, for animals, birds, and insects is not only for beauty. It means life to them because it helps them hide from their enemies.
Birds, for example, use their color to tell other birds to stay away from their nests. They sing and move their wings to show their color as a warning to other birds.
One kind of butterfly is orange and black. It has a bad taste to birds. Once a bird eats this kind of butterfly it remembers the bad taste. After that, it will never eat another orange and black butterfly!
Some moths use color to make birds afraid of them. The color or the marks on the moth’s body is a sign to a bird. The bird sees the color or the marks and does not eat the moth!
One kind of fish can change its color. The color is the same as the surrounding sea plants or rocks. Then the fish’s enemy can’t see it.
Color is very important to nature’s animals, birds, and insects. Often it can save their lives!
I. Find the following information from the text:
protect from enemies._______
are used as warnings._______
help hide fish._______
Nature’s color make birds sing.______
change butterflies to moths.______
make birds afraid of moths._______
can save lives._______
make things beautiful._______
make trees taste bad._____
II. Using the text insert missed adverbs:
1. Beauty is nature is seen _______
2. Color, ______, for animals, birds, and insects
3. _____ a bird eats this kind
4. it will _____ eat another
5. _____ the fish’s enemy
6. Color is ______ important
7. _____ it can save
III. Find out the meaning of the first passage:
1. Nature’s colors are only for beauty.
2. Nature’s colors help animals, birds, and insects.
3. Nature’s colors are not important.
IV. Find out the meaning of the third passage:
1. Orange and black butterflies catch birds.
2. Orange and black butterflies have nests.
3. Orange and black butterflies taste bad to birds.
V. Find out the meaning of the fourth passage:
1. Moths are afraid of birds.
2. Birds are afraid of some moths.
3. Some moths sing.
VI. Complete the sentences:
1. The colors of birds ____ other birds.
a. hide b. save c. warn
2. The color of some moths is _______ to birds.
a. a sign b. a taste c. a beauty
3. Some fish can change their _______.
a. bodies b. color c. water
4. The colors of animals , birds, and insects can _____ their lives.