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Key terms i: Prepositions and prefixes

3 Complete the sentences below with the prepositions from the box. by in on to to to to under

1 Parties.................. a treaty are the States or the International Organisations

which have consented to be bound..................... the treaty and for which the

treaty is.................. force.

2 By becoming a signatory................... a convention with 172 other countries,

Russia is taking an important step to facilitate anti-smoking legislation.

3 ................. the Convention on the Rights of the Child, persons under the age

of 18 years are entitled.................... special protection.

4 International laws apply.................... the citizens of all signatory nations.

5 The Council of Ministers of the East African Community is a policy organ whose decisions, directives and regulations are binding............................................................. Partner States.


4 The text on pages 94-95 contains several adjectives formed with prefixes,
such as international and intergovernmental. Match these common prefixes
(1-6) with their meanings (a-f).

1 bi- a many

2 inter- b above, beyond

3 intra- c two

4 mufti- d between, among

5 non- e not, other than

6 supra- f within, inside

5 Match these words with prefixes (1-6) with their definitions (a-f).

1 interagency a neutral, especially towards major powers

2 non-aligned b involving two groups or two countries

3 non-governmental c without any participation or representation of a government

4 bilateral d within the boundaries of a state

5 multinational e involving several different countries

6 intrastate f involving two or more agencies, especially government agencies

Reading 2: Developments in EU law

In many countries, practising lawyers are required to keep their legal skills and knowledge of the law up to date by completing certain courses. In the UK, this is known as LonfuiuYngVivtes^v^^w^vyxveat (C.PD\. The term used in the USA is Continuing Legal Education. Both public and private legal organisations offer such courses on a w'ide range of topics, from skills and ethics courses to courses providing in-depth knowledge of specific areas of the law. CPD courses are also increasingly being offered online, as part of distance-education programmes.

Lawyers practising in jurisdictions within the supranational legal framework of the EU need to learn about changes in the law which affect their work. The text in this section is an excerpt from the programme of a CPD course provider.

6 Discuss these questions.

1 Does your jurisdiction have an equivalent of CPD? What is it called?

2 Have you ever taken such a course? If so, what was the subject of the course?

3 What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of taking CPD courses online?

 

7 Quickly skim through the texts on page 97. What are the topics of the two seminars? For whom are they intended?

8 Decide which of the two courses would be suitable for each of the following people. In some cases, neither may be suitable. Write A (Course A), B (Course B) or N (neither).



 

1 A Spanish tax lawyer advising a large corporation wants to research legal developments relating to shareholders' rights.

2 An Italian lawyer is interested in recent changes in the law concerning discrimination against people in wheelchairs in the workplace.

3 A German in-house counsel needs to understand the differences between US and EU employment law.

4 A Swedish law professor wants to learn about changes affecting merger requirements in the EU.

5 A Turkish tax lawyer wants to find out about the history of tax legislation in the EU.


A

Eee


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Q.


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Date: 2015-12-24; view: 2204


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