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Choose the correct word.

Opinion adjectives usually go before fact adjectives.

a nice(opinion) long(fact) summer holiday an interesting(opinion) young(fact) man

an delicious(opinion) hot(fact) vegetable soup a beautiful(opinion) large round wooden(fact) table

B. Sometimes we use two or more fact adjectives. Very often (but not always) we put fact adjectives in this order:

1. how big? -> 2. how old? -> 3. what color? -> 4. where from? -> 5. what is it made of? -> NOUN

a tall young man (1 -> 2) a large wooden table (1 -> 5)

big blue eyes (1 -> 3) an old Russian song (2 -> 4)

a small black plastic bag (1 -> 3 -> 5) an old white cotton shirt (2 -> 3 -> 5)

Adjectives of size and length (big/small/tall/short/long etc.) usually go before adjectives of shape and width (round/fat/thin/slim/wide etc.): a large round table a tall thin girl a long narrow street

When there are two colour adjectives, we use and:

a black and white dress a red, white and green flag

buta long black dress (not 'a long and black dress')

C. We say 'the first two days', 'the next few weeks', 'the last ten minutes' etc.:

* I didn't enjoy the first two days of the course. (not 'the two first days')

* They'll be away for the next few weeks. (not 'the few next weeks')

D. We use adjectives after be/get/become/seem:

* Be careful! * I'm tired and I'm getting hungry.

* As the film went on, it became more and more boring. * Your friend seems very nice.

We also use adjectives to say how somebody/something looks, feels, sounds, tastes or smells:

* You look tired./I feel tired./She sounds tired. * The dinner smells good. * This tea tastes a bit strange.

But to say how somebody does something you must use an adverb:

* Drive carefully! (not 'Drive careful') * Susan plays the piano very well. (not 'plays...very good')



Put the adjectives in brackets in the correct position.

1. a beautiful table (wooden/round) __________________________________.

2. an unusual ring (gold) _________________________________________.

3. a new pullover (nice) ____________________________________.

4. a new pullover (green) ____________________________________.

5. an old house (beautiful) ______________________________________.

6. black gloves (leather) ________________________________________

7. an American film (old) ______________________________________.

8. a long face (thin) ____________________________________________.

9. big clouds (black) _____________________________________________.

10. a sunny day (lovely) ___________________________________.

11. a wide avenue (long) ____________________________________________.

12. a metal box (black/small) _____________________________________________.

13. a big cat (fat/black) ________________________________________________.

14. a little village (old/lovely)____________________________________________.

15. long hair (black/beautiful) ______________________________________________.

16. an old painting (interesting/French) _______________________________________

17. an enormous umbrella (red/yellow) ________________________________________.

2. Write the following in another way using the first .../the next ..../the last ...

1. the first day and the second day of the course _____________________________________

2. next week and the week after ________________________________________________

3. yesterday and the day before yesterday _______________________________________

4. the first week and the second week of September ____________________________________

5. tomorrow and a few days after that _________________________________________________

6. questions 1, 2 and 3 of the examination ___________________________________________

7. next year and the year after _______________________________________________

8. the last day of our holiday and the two days before that _________________________________-

Complete each sentence with a verb (in the correct form) and an adjective from the boxes.

verb: feel smell look seem smell sound taste

adjective: awful fine nice interesting upset wet

1. Ann ______________________________ this morning. Do you know what was wrong?

2. I can't eat this. I've just tried it and it ___________________________.

3. I wasn't very well yesterday but I _______________________________today.

4. What beautiful flowers! They ___________________________________too.

5. You _____________________________________. Have you been out in the rain?

6. Jim was telling me about his new job. It _____________quite ____________, much better than his old job.

Choose the correct word.

1. This tea tastes a bit ____________________________ (strange/strangely)

2. I always feel ______________________ when the sun is shining. (happy/happily)

3. The children were playing ______________________________ in the garden. (happy/happily)

4. The man became ____________ when the manager of the restaurant asked him to leave. (violent/violently)

5. You look _____________________. Are you all right? (terrible/terribly)

6. There s no point in doing a job if you don t do it ______________________________ (proper/properly)

Adjectives and adverbs (1) (quick/quickly)

A. Look at these examples:

* Our holiday was too short - the time went very quickly.

* The driver of the car was seriously injured in the accident.

Quickly and seriously are adverbs. Many adverbs are made from an adjective + -1y:

adjective: quick serious careful quiet heavy bad

adverb: quickly seriously carefully quietly heavily badly

Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs. Some adjectives end in -ly too, for example:

friendly lively elderly lonely silly lovely

B. Adjective or adverb?

#1 Adjectives (quick/careful etc.) tell us about a noun. We use adjectives before nouns and after some verbs, especially be:

* Tom is a careful driver. (not 'a carefully driver') * We didn't go out because of the heavy rain.

* Please be quiet. * I was disappointed that my exam results were so bad.

We also use adjectives after the verbs look/feel/sound etc. * Why do you always look so serious?

#2 Adverbs (quickly/carefully etc.) tell us about a verb. An adverb tells us how somebody does something or how something happens:

* Tom drove carefully along the narrow road. (not 'drove careful')

* We didn't go out because it was raining heavily. (not 'raining heavy')

* I was disappointed that I did so badly in the exam. (not 'did so bad')

* Please speak quietly. (not 'speak quiet') * Why do you never take me seriously? (not ‘take serious’)


* She speaks perfect English.(adjective + noun) * She speaks English perfectly.(verb + object + adverb)

Compare these sentences with look:

* Tom looked sad when I saw him. (= he seemed sad, his expression was sad)

* Tom looked at me sadly. (= he looked at me in a sad way)

C. We also use adverbs before adjectives and other adverbs. For example:

reasonably cheap (adverb + adjective)

terribly sorry (adverb + adjective)

incredibly quickly (adverb + adverb)

* It's a reasonably cheap restaurant and the food is extremely good.

* Oh, I'm terribly sorry. I didn't mean to push you. (not 'terrible sorry')

* Maria learns languages incredibly quickly. * The examination was surprisingly easy.

You can also use an adverb before a past participle (injured/organized/written etc.)

* Two people were seriously injured in the accident. (not 'serious injured')

* The meeting was very badly organized.



Date: 2015-12-24; view: 1225

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