Ex. 6. Fill in with: accused, evidence, convicted, sentenced, tried, arrested, guilty, put, suspected.
The police had 1) Paul Williams for months, and when they finally gathered some real 2) ...... against him he was 3) by the police and 4) of trafficking in drugs. A few weeks later he was 5) for the crime. The jury were quickly convinced that he was 6) of drug-trafficking, so he was 7) of the crime and 8) to ten years in prison. The police were satisfied they had managed to 9) such a dangerous criminal behind bars.
Task 1. Work in pairs and discuss:
1. Which punishment do you think is appropriate for each of the following crimes?
a) murder of a policeman; d) robbing a supermarket with a gun;
b) vandalizing a telephone box; e) stealing goods from a shop;
c) drinking and driving; f) parking a car illigally.
2. Match these actual sentences from British courts with the above mentioned crimes.
a) 5 to 10 years in prison; d) a £400 fine;
b) a small fixed penalty fine; e) a £200 fine disqualification from driving;
c) life imprisonment; f) 100 hours of community service.
Task 2. Prepare a 3-minute talk on the topic «Penalties». Focus on the following points:
· the purpose(s) of punishment;
· types of penalties;
· imposition of penalties.
Texts for Reading and Rendering
1. It's a fundamental debate in democratic countries: how should society punish murderers, terrorists or kidnappers? Express your opinion.
2. There are different methods of execution in the USA, depending upon a state (lethal gas, lethal injection, electrocution, hanging, firing squad). Does it really matter what method of execution is applied to a person sentenced to death?
3. 11 US states do not have capital punishment. Try to explain their position.
4. Death penalty exists in RF, doesn't it?
5. Is it necessary to improve conditions in prisons? Why should common
citizens care about the inmates?
6. Persistent violent and sexual offenders commited the most serious offences such as murder, manslaughter, rape or robbery deserve a custodial sentence called life imprisonment, dont they? Life imprisonment vs capitalpunishment.
Read the text.
The ultimate penalty is death (capital punishment). It is carried out by hanging (Kenya, for example); electrocution, gassing or lethal injection (US); beheading or stoning (Saudi Arabia); or shooting (China). Although most countries still have a death penalty, 35 (including almost every European nation) have abolished it; 18 retained it only for exceptional crimes such as wartime offences; and 27 no longer carry out executions even when a death sentence has been passed. In other words, almost half the countries of the world have ceased to use the death penalty. The UN has declared itself in favor of abolition, and the issue is now the focus of great debate.
Supporters of capital punishment believe that death is a just punishment for certain serious crimes, for example, it is the only appropriate punishment for sadistic murderers. Many also believe that it deters others from committing such crimes. Opponents argue that execution is cruel and uncivilized. Capital punishment involves not only the pain of dying, but also the mental anguish of waiting, sometimes for years, to know if and when the sentence will be carried out. Opponents also argue that there is no evidence that it deters people from committing murder any more than imprisonment does. A further argument is that, should a mistake be made, it is too late to rectify it once the execution has taken place. In 1987, two academics published a study showing that 23 innocent people bad been executed in the United States. Research has shown that capital punishment is used inconsistently. For example, in South Africa, black murderers are far more likely to be sentenced to death than whites. During a crime wave in China in the 1980s, cities were given a quota of executions to meet; in a city where there weren't many murders, people convicted of lesser crimes were more likely to be executed. In addition, while in some countries young people are not sent to prison but to special juvenile detention centers, in
Nigeria, Iran, Iraq, Bangladesh, Barbados and the United States children under 18 have been legally put to death.
As the debate about capital punishment continues, the phenomenon of death row (people sentenced but still alive) increases. In 1991, no one was executed in Japan, but three people were sentenced to death, bringing the total number on death row to fifty. Sakae Menda lived under sentence of death for thirty three years before obtaining a retrial and being found not guilty.
IMPROVE YOUR WRITING SKILLS
- Think about the arguments for and against the death penalty. Are you in favour of its abolition?
- Write an essayon Capital Punishment following the paragraph plan:
Introduction:state topic (e.g. Capital punishment is a highly debatable subject).
Paragraph 1: a moral one point of view (e.g. On moral grounds it would appear that capital punishment is not right ) .
Paragraph 2: an economic another point of view (Running prisons costs too much to the country ).
Paragraph 3: a social point of view (e.g. Socially, authorities hope that the death penalty will work as a deterrent to potential criminals).
Conclusion: give your own opinion based on the points already mentioned (e.g. I believe that the execution of particularly horrific murderers is ).