Staying safe is a questions of common sense and taking of basic precautions.
1) Inner city areas are probably the most dangerous places Ė especially at night. Avoid going out and exploring the city on your own. Itís best to visit certain areas with a tour group.
2) Donít wear expensive-looking accessories or jewellery in the street. Leave valuables in your hotelís safe-deposit box. You should try not to attract attention.
3) Pickpockets are sometimes a problem so donít carry large sums of money. Itís best to use travellerís cheques or credit cards.
4) When traveling by car, always keep the doors locked and the windows only slightly open. You must lock your car doors at all times. Itís a good idea to use car parks that are supervised if possible.
Recommendations for tourists can depend on the destination and the type of holiday.
For example, Thailandis a popular tourist destination. Thailand is a safe country for travelers but some simple precautions are still required. Hotels and taxis are safe and it is safe for women-travellers. If traveling alone, keep in touch with someone on a regular basis.
There are plenty of pharmacies that sell insect repellents and basic medicines. Itís advisable to take malaria pills. Heat and humidity can be a problem so drink a lot of fluids, avoid the midday sun and take a plenty of rest. Itís a good idea to take a medical kit with antiseptic cream, mosquito repellent, aspirin, sunblock, bandage, plasters, thermometer, pocketknife and so on.
Diarrhea is a common complaint. If it occurs, eat plain food and drink lots of fluids. Itís best to avoid uncooked food. Avoid tap water Ė bottled water is easily available Ė and avoid crushed ice in drinks from street vendors. Itís vital to have the right vaccinations before you go to exotic destinations.
If you are going to South Africa let me give you some health and safety recommendations.
Although many inner cities and townships can be dangerous, especially at night, South Africa is generally safe for travellers who take reasonable precautions.
- Never go out on your own.
- Donít wear expensive clothes or carry large amounts of cash with you. Use the hotelís safe-deposit box. Pickpockets are a problems, as are muggers, who snatch handbags and run away.
- When driving always keep the doors locked and donít stop to give people a lift.
- Tap water is generally safe to drink and travellers to South Africa usually donít suffer from stomach upsets.
- On safari, animals should always be respected and there are some poisonous spiders and snakes. Always carry a small medical pack / kit when on safari. Malaria and bilharzia occur in certain areas.
CAREERS IN TOURISM
Like most service industries, tourism is labour-intensive. It employs a high proportion of people in comparison to the number that it serves. The range of jobs is also very wide, from unskilled, like a dishwasher in a restaurant, to semi-skilled, like a waiter or a chambermaid, to skilled, like a travel agent or a tour operator. In addition, tourism generates many jobs that are not usually considered to be within the industry itself Ė jobs in construction, manufacturing, and merchandising.
A majority of jobs in tourism have one common feature: contact with the public, including both the positive and negative aspects of dealing with ordinary people. Anyone who has chosen a career in tourism should enjoy working with people and be tolerant.
In many jobs language skill is necessary or desirable. People who hold jobs of this kind include travel agency employees, ticket and reservations agents, airline flights personnel, front-desk personnel in hotels, tour guides, waiters, and barmen and so on. The tourist industry differs from many others as it employs more women than any kind of business. Many successful travel agents are women who have established independent enterprises after gaining experience elsewhere in the industry.
The travel agents must deal with the public and with people who work for the other components in the industry. One of the most important aspects of the job is keeping informed of the highly complex pricing policies of airlines and the resort hotels. The agent must also keep up with other developments in the industry Ė new resorts, changing travel regulations, new services.
The sightseeing guidesmust be familiar with the points of interest that he is showing to the visitors. He usually gives a prepared talk that describes the points of interest, but he must also be prepared to answer a lot of questions. And he has to deal with any problems that occur during the tour or excursion, such as bad weather, sudden illness, an accident. A sightseeing guide needs two qualities above all Ė an outgoing personality and language skill.
Front-desk employees are hotel personnel who work at the registration, information and cashierís desk.
Free-lancersare people who work for themselves. Many free-lance writers specialize in the travel field.
Social Directoris a person at a resort hotel or on a cruise ship who is in charge of the activities to amuse and entertain the customers.
Tourism is an industry that is still growing rapidly. It provides people with variety of occupations that require different kinds of skills. No matter what aspect of the industry one may work in, the final result of the effort should be a satisfied customer who remembers his trip and his holiday with pleasure.
Working in tourism is about love Ė love for the industry. If you donít love it, forget it. Itís a people industry. Itís providing service. Itís people enjoying and experiencing your culture. Thatís crucial. If you donít have that love, it doesnít make sense. If you work in the industry, youíve got to love it.
I like the job. I like being the front line, the first point of contact. I think Iím quite good at dealing with people. I know how to smile, although sometimes on a bad day, itís hard. I guess the tasks I do are a bit routine if Iím honest Ė I check in arrivals, hand out room keys, process enquiries and reservations, that kind of thing. I work shifts, which can be a drag. I usually start at six in the morning, which is OK because I get off nice and early, and then occasionally I do the late turn and I donít finish till after midnight.
I started here two years ago. As the manager, Iím mainly in the back office. I donít deal directly with the public at the desk. On a typical day, Iím on the phone and the email most of the time. I start the day by checking my email, and that sets the agenda for the first part of the morning at least. I have to talk to local businesses,, hotels, tour companies, to check that weíre providing the service they want, that weíre stocking their brochures and so on. I also arrange presentations, and I get invited to a lot of social events to network and talk about tourist information services in the city.
This is my second season. A lot of reps only survive one season, because itís very demanding work Ė we donít get paid a lot and we only get one day off a week. I feel a lot more confident about things this time. I couldnít do the job all year, but as the season only lasts three months, itís OK. We work very long hours, especially on changeover days. We take the quests who are going home to the airport at six in the morning, and bring back the new group. We then have to get them settled, sort out problems Ė and there always are problems! Ė and do the paperwork. So often I donít finish until midnight on changeover day.
I like working with people and on the whole the guests are good, but some of them can be very annoying Ė although I never show it of course, because the customer is always right!
TRENDS IN TOURISM
Travel and Tourism
Whatís the difference between travel and tourism? Well, being a traveller is more than just being a holidaymaker. A holiday is just a short time away, and it normally involves relaxation. Tourists stay in holiday resorts, not travellers. Travellers go for the experience and their journeys are usually much longer and more challenging. For example, travellers tend to avoid tourist traps and like to go off the beaten track to discover new places. Travel is an age-old phenomenon, but tourism is a relatively recent invention. Thomas Cook is often described as the first travel agent because he arranged the first Ďpackage tourí: a 19 kilometre trip for 500 people, in 1841.
Going overseas to experience a different way of life is what many people think of as travel, but travel does not necessarily mean going abroad. How many people can say they have visited every part of their own country? Many people who live in vast countries such as Russia or the USA have only visited a small part of their own country, and so domestic travel is also very exciting. Itís a surprising fact that about 75 percent of US citizens do not own a passport, so travelling does not mean leaving the country for them.
Some people canít travel or donít like the physical reality of travelling to faraway destinations. These days it is to be an Ďarmchair travellerí. People can visit distant corners of the world or even little known parts of their own country without leaving their own rooms. Television documentaries make the world a small place and some people argue that travel is no longer necessary. Perhaps soon people will use interactive computer programmes and virtual travel will become common. Enthusiasts argue that by doing this we will have all the benefits of travel without inconvenience.
Rural tourism is one of new trends in modern tourist industry. There is no single definition of rural tourism, but it is generally agreed that the term implies
activities that take place in the countryside as opposed to in cities, or in other urbanized spaces such as coastal or island holiday resorts;
tourism on a small scale;
employment and income for local people, but without becoming the dominant economic activity in an area;
the recovery of local traditions, arts and crafts, architectural, and farming practices;
services and activities that are based principally on local products and resources;
the sustainable use of natural resources such as forests, rivers, or landscape.
Accommodation is one of the most visible features of rural tourism. However, it needs to be small-scale, rural hotels usually have fewer than twenty rooms. Other rural accommodation includes self-catering apartments and houses, bed and breakfasts, and campsites.
An important function of all rural tourism is the recovery of all aspects of an areaís local culture. This can be crafts such as pottery, weaving, or carving, or local architectural styles, food, or drink. Traditions, dress, and festivities are also recovered in this way.
Increasingly, visitors to rural areas want to get as close as possible to the lifestyle and customs of the local people. One way that they can do this is to work with them. This can mean helping farmers around the farm, or helping local builders reconstruct walls or pathways. In some places it is possible to live in the house of a local person as if you were a member of their family.
There are dangers in rural tourism. If it becomes popular, too many people may go to a particular place and so damage the natural or cultural resources. In this respect it is important to educate visitors so that they are sensitive to both the physical and cultural environments of area they are visiting.