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A) Composite Sentence as a Polypredicative Construction

26. Composite Sentence as a Polypredicative Construction.

The Sentence is the basic unit of syntax. It is different from other language units because it is a unit of communication. It's very difficult to give a definition of the sentence because it has many aspects. Every definition reflects this or that aspect but it can't be considered as a universal one.

As for the problem of classification of the sentence there are several types of them. From the structural point of view sentences are classified as simple and composite. Composite sentences are divided into compound and complex. Composite Sentence is a Polypredicative construction.

Composite S is formed by two or more predicative lines. It expresses a complicated set of thought and reflects some intellectual efforts closely combined with one another. Hach predicative line makes up a clause.

The two main types of the connection of clauses are subordination / coordination. By coordination, clauses are arranged as units of syntactically equal rank. By subordination they are arranged as units of unequal rank, one being categorically dominated by the other.

Besides the classical types of coordination and subordination of clauses, we find another case of construction of a composite sentence. When the connection between the clauses combined in a polypredicative unit is extremely loose, placing the sequential clause in a syntactically detached position. In this loosely connected composite sentence the information expressed by the sequential clause is presented as an afterthought, an idea that comes to the speakerís mind after the completion of the foregoing utterance. This kind of connection is called cumulation. Its formal sign is the tone of completion. In writing it is a semifinal mark, such as a semicolon, a dash, sometimes a series of periods.

Continuative cumulation: He did his job in the office without any fuss; he answered questions in the House: he made a couple of speeches.

Parenthetical cumulation: Your story, you know, showed such breadth and depth of thought.

A subordinate clause presents the information naturally supplementing the information of the principal clause.

As to coordinated clauses, they each of them corresponds to a new effort of thought. The position of a coordinate clause is rigidly fixed in all cases, which can be used as one of the criteria of coordination in distinction to subordination. Another criterion is a potential possibility to any coordinate clause to take either ,,and" or ,,but" as introducers.

The means of combining clauses into a polypredicative sentence are divided into syndetic (i.e. conjunctional) and asyndetic ( i.e. non-conjunctional), syndetic &asyndetic connection

 

b)Monologue

You are choosing a school for your child. Speak about the advantages of an individual education school, and try to persuade other parents to send their children to this type of school.

 

For example, perhaps she has special needs.You can certainly arrange for your local public school to develop an IEP or Individualized Education Program for your child. This is mandated by a federal law known as Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. While your child's needs will certainly be identified and a program of instruction devised for her, you would be wise to explore the options a specialized private school offers. Why? Because depending on the public school district in your area resources often are spread very thin. When you send your child to private school for special needs, she will be taught by credentialled, highly skilled teachers and paraprofessionals throughout the school day. The small class in this photo says it all.



 

There are hundreds of private schools which specialize in teaching children with dyslexia, ADHD and learning differences. Class sizes are small. The schools can tailor programs to meet each student's specific needs. If your child learns differently, explore your private school options online. You will literally have hundreds of schools to choose from.

 

For the primary and middle school grades, it makes the most sense to find a school in your local area. For the high school grades going off to a boarding school which builds on the foundation you have carefully laid makes great sense. Teens are incredibly sensitive and insecure. Having learning differences in a school where they might feel uncomfortable or ostracized is not going to help them at all in later life. Being surrounded by a community of teachers, staff and students who will support your child and show her how to meet the challenges is probably a better solution.

 

Incidentally you should consult your tax adviser as it is possible that a portion of the special needs school's tuition may be tax deductible. I am not an attorney and make no representations about how tax law applies in this situaton. Ask your tax adviser.


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 1219


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