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The first space tourists.

In 2001 an American, Dennis Tito, became the first world’s tourist. He travelled to the International Space Station by rocket and stayed there for ten days. A year later South African millionaire, Mark Shuttleworth, went on the same trip. When he returned to Earth he said, “Every second will be with for the rest of my life.” Both of the men paid $20 million for their holidays. The company that organized their trips is called Space Adventures. Its president, Eric Anderson, thinks space tourism will be the next big thing. “Everyone’s looking for a new experience,” he says. In a few years he’s going to start selling rocket trips to the public for about $100 000.

Space Hotels

From Market Research we know that most people would like to stay in orbit for a few days or more. And this stands to reason, if you're paying $20,000 for your trip to orbit! So in order for space tourism to reach its full potential there's going to be a need for orbital accommodation - or space hotels. These will grow through phases, starting with 'lodges' for up to about 100 guests, growing to true hotels of several hundred guests, and eventually to orbiting "theme parks" for many thousands of guests.Getting There is Half the Fun.But what would a space hotel actually be like to visit? Hotels in orbit will offer the services you expect from a hotel - private rooms, meals, bars. But they'll also offer two unique experiences: stupendous views - of Earth and space - and the endless entertainment of living in zero-G - including sports and other activities that make use of this. And there are further possibilities such as space-walking.So a trip to a hotel will start with launch to orbit, which takes about 5 minutes of powered acceleration, followed by up to a few hours of weightlessness approaching the hotel (depending on the flight schedule). Docking will be rather like an airliner parking at an airport - but you'll leave the cabin floating in zero-G along the access tube, holding on to a cable with your hands!

Going to the moon.

Earth's companion is so large and fascinating that geologists count the Moon as one of the solar system's "terrestrial planets." In fact, it was probably born from Earth, after a Mars-sized body collided with the proto-Earth, in a collision so violent that the Moon that coalesced from the leftover fragments was entirely (or almost entirely) molten. We can tell this story of Earth and the Moon's creation thanks to our analysis of the rocks returned to Earth by the Apollo astronauts, Luna landers, and chance discoveries of lunar meteorites. New laboratory techniques yield new discoveries every year even though no samples have been collected from the surface of the Moon since 1972.In the years since the end of the space race between the United States and Russia, many other nations have sent robotic spacecraft to orbit the Moon as a first step in their planetary exploration: Japan, the European Space Agency, India, and China. Likewise, many people see a staging station on the Moon as a necessary first stepping stone toward sending humans on missions to asteroids or Mars. Thanks to the combined data from lunar orbiters from all nations we know that there is water stored in lunar soil and that there are permanently sunlit peaks at the lunar poles, providing for two basic needs of human settlements: water and power. We can go back to the Moon; but who will make the effort?



18. MarsMars is the fourth planet from the sun and the seventh largest. ... Mars is also called the Red Planet because its rocks, soil, and sky have a red or pink color. The ancient Egyptians named the planet Her Descher, which means the red one. ... The dust storms can grow and cover the whole planet for months.Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and the seventh largest. Mars is named after the Roman mythology God Mars, which is the God of war, agriculture, and the state. Mars is also called the Red Planet because its rocks, soil, and sky have a red or pink color. The ancient Egyptians named the planet Her Descher, which means the red one. Mars, at times is the third brightest object in the night sky. The Moon and Venus are first and second. Before space exploration, Mars was thought to be the best place for harboring extraterrestrial life. Astronomers where able to see lines on Mars which were thought to be canals.In 1938 Orson Wells broadcasted a radio program based on the book War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells, which made many people believed that Martians were invading the Earth, it almost caused a huge panic. In 1965 Mariner 4 transmitted the first close up pictures of Mars. The pictures showed there were many craters and natural channels but no artificial canals or water. In 1976 two spacecraft, Viking 1 and 2, landed on Mars. Neither of the spacecraft found any evidence of life.The Atmosphere of Mars is made of carbon dioxide (95.32%), nitrogen (2.7%), argon (1.6%), oxygen (.13%), water (.03%), and neon (.00025%). There is evidence that Mars had a denser atmosphere at one time, which might mean it had water flowing on the surface. Mars looks as if it had flood erosion. Drainage valleys through flat land are another sign of water. A little bit of evidence has shown up on Earth from a meteorite that there was water. This meteorite has been identified as a Martian rock. It is called ALH 84001. The meteorite shows that a 1.4- percent of water is in the basalt. The Meteorite was found in Antarctica in December 1984. The meteorite weighed about 4 and ¾ pounds. Some scientist believe that there is water underground. The water would be in hypersaline underground oceans, and could be so loaded with salt that it.


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 1020


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