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The Numerals in Use

Asking the age Asking smb's weight and height
How old are you? – I am 20. How old is she/he? – He/she is about 20.   When is your birthday? — My birthday is (on) the first of May / I was born on June 6, 1975. (on June sixth, nineteen seventy-five) How tall are you? – I'm 156 centimeter. What's your height? --- My height is... What is your weight? - My weight is... How much do you weight? - I weigh 56 kg / I'm 112 pounds.
Health Money Matters
Your BP (blood pressure) is 120 over 70 (120/70). My body temperature is 36.6 degrees. (98.6°F). How much does it cost? How much will it cost?
Asking the time
  What time is it? (ask a friend or a colleague) Have you got the time? (polite)    
1) Say the hour first and then the minutes.   · 6:25 - It's six twenty-five · 8:05 - It's eight O-five · 9:11 - It's nine eleven · 2:34 - It's two thirty-four   2) Say the minutes first and then the hour.   For minutes 1-30 we use PAST after the minutes. For minutes 31-59 we use TO after the minutes. · 2:35 - It's twenty-five to three · 11:20 - It's twenty past eleven · 4:18 - It's eighteen past four · 8:51 - It's nine to nine · 2:59 - It's one to three  

 

When it is 15 minutes past the hour we normally say: (a) quarter past

· 7:15 - It's (a) quarter past seven

 

When it is 15 minutes before the hour we normally say: a quarter to

· 12:45 - It's (a) quarter to one

 

When it is 30 minutes past the hour we normally say: half past

· 3:30 - It's half past three (but we can also say three-thirty)



O'clock

We use o'clock when there are NO minutes.

· 10:00 - It's ten o'clock

· 5:00 - It's five o'clock

· 1:00 - It's one o'clock

 

1. What time is it? Choose the right answer.

It's half past eleven. It's eleven o'clock. It's twelve o'clock.   It's a quarter past six. It's half past three. It's a quarter to six. It's five past three. It's five past four. It's five to four.
It's half past four. It's four o'clock. It's half past five.   It's ten past eleven. It's ten to twelve. It's ten past twelve. It's twenty to nine. It's nine to twenty. It's twenty past eight.
It's four past ten. It's ten to four. It's ten past four.   It's a quarter to five. It's a quarter past five. It's a quarter past four. It's half past two. It's twenty-five to two. It's twenty-five past two.
     
     

 

 

2. What time is it? Write the answer.

6 7 8
10 11 12
14 15 16

 




Grammar in Focus

Time and dates

 

We use phraseswith prepositionsas time adverbials:

 

1. We use at with:

· clock times: at seven o’clock - at nine thirty - at fifteen hundred hours

· mealtimes: at breakfast - at lunchtime - at teatime

and in these phrases:

· at night - at the weekend - at Christmas - at Easter

  • holidays: at Christmas, at Easter; at New Year
  • at the moment/ at this time

 

2. We use in with:

· seasons of the year: in spring/summer/autumn/winter - in the spring /summer/autumn/winter

· years and centuries: in 2009 -in 1998 - in the twentieth century

  • decades: in the sixties, in the 1790s

· months: in January/February/March etc.

· parts of the day: in the morning - in the afternoon - in the evening.

 

3. We use onwith:

· days: on Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday etc - on Christmas day - on my birthday.

· dates: on the thirty first of July - on June 15th

 

4. Note: We say at night when we are talking about all of the night:

 

When there is no moon it is very dark at night.
He sleeps during the day and works at night.

 

but we say in the night when we are talking about a short timeduring the night:

 

He woke up twice in the night.
I heard a funny noise in the night.

 

5. We use the adverb ago with the past simple to say how long beforethe time of speaking something happened:

 

I saw Jim about three weeks ago.
We arrived a few minutes ago.

 

6. We can put time phrases together:

 

We will meet next week at six o’clock on Monday.
I heard a funny noise at about eleven o’clock last night.
It happened last week at seven o’clock on Monday night.

7. No prepositions:

· next week, year, month etc

· last night, year etc

· this morning, month etc

· every day, night, years etc

Exercises

Time and dates

Exercise 1. Complete each of the following sentences, using the correct preposition of time (in, at, or on):

1. Let's meet _______________ Tuesday.
2. Let's meet _______________ two hours.
3. I saw him _______________ 3:00 PM.
4. Do you want to go there _______________ the morning?
5. Let's do it _______________ the weekend.
6. I can't work _______________ night.
7. I'll be there _______________ 10 minutes.
8. Let's meet at the park _______________ noon.
9. I saw her _______________ my birthday.
10. I like going to the beach _______________ the summer.

 

Exercise 2. Put in the correct preposition (choose in / on / at). If no preposition is need put in -.

1. Let's meet_________6:30.

2. The play is______Saturday______ noon.

3. I was born_________ November 3, 1970.

4. Beverly went to Los Angeles____________ January.

5. Bill arrived in New York_______ February 7.

6. I love to see the flowers ___________ the spring.

7. The movie starts_________7:30___________the evening.

8. We go to bed__________ 11:00________ night.

9. Her birthday is_________ October_________ the fall.

10. I saw a witch______ midnight_______Saturday________ October 31__________1998.

 

Exercise 3. Put in the correct preposition (choose in / on / at). If no preposition is need put in -.

 

1) Lucy is arriving_____February the 13th _____eight o'clock_______the morning.

2) The weather is often terrible in London___________January.

3) It's better to get taxi if you are out alone__________night.

4) She got married___________September.

5) They usually go to the south of France________the summer.

6) Columbus sailed to the Americas___________the 16th century.

7) The Beatles were popular___________the 1960s.

8) I graduated from university___________2001.

9) His birthday is __________June.

10) I usually go to my parents' house______Christmas.

11) The train leaves_______tomorrow morning________8:00 am...

12) I love going skiing____________January.

13) We met at the restaurant____________8pm.

14) The class is_______9am__________Monday mornings.

15) I like to drink coffee__________the morning and tea_________the afternoon...

16) We went out for dinner___________last Wednesday.

17) She left London___________the 4th of March.

18) I had a party______________my birthday.

19) Lucy went to New York_________New Year

 

Test

Time and dates

Exercise 1. Put in the correct preposition.

 

1. The course begins________7 January and ends________10 March.
2. I went to bed__________midnight.
3. We arrived__________ 5 o’ clock___________the morning.
4. Mozart was born in Salzburg___________ 1756.
5. Are you doing anything special___________ the weekend?
6. Hurry up! We have to go____________ five minutes.
7. I met Ann__________ Tuesday.
8. He has lived in India___________two years.
9. I’ll phone you_____________ Tuesday morning___________ about 10.
10. Tom’s grandmother died in 1987___________the age of 81.
11. Jack’s brother is out of work____________ the moment.
12. The price of electricity is going up___________ October.
13. I haven’t seen him______________Christmas.
14.___________ Sunday afternoons I usually get up late.
15. There are usually a lot of parties______________New Years Eve.

 

 

Exercise 2. Put in the correct preposition (choose in / on / at). If no preposition is need put in -.

 

1) There was a loud noise which woke us up___________midnight.

2) Do you usually eat chocolate eggs____________Easter?

3) What are you doing______________the weekend?.

4)__________ last week I worked until 9pm____________every night.

5) My father always reads the paper____________breakfast time.

6) She plays tennis__________Fridays.

7) The trees here are really beautiful___________the spring.

8) I'll see you__________Tuesday afternoon then.

9) Shakespeare died_______________1616.

10) She studies_______every day.

11) John is going to buy the presents___________today.

12) In my hometown, the shops open early___________the morning.

13) She met her husband______________1998.

14) The party is__________next Saturday.

15) We are meeting___________Friday morning.

16) I often get sleepy_____________the afternoon.

17) His daughter was born___________the 24th of August.

18) Mobile phones became popular____________the nineties.

19) Luckily the weather was perfect _____________her wedding day.


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 1329


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