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After you have read

Answer the questions

1) Why is engineering an ancient and important profession?

2) What sciences does engineering apply in practice?

3) What information did early engineering use? Why?

4) Why did people begin to seek new devices and methods of work in the Middle Ages?

5) What caused the Industrial Revolution?

6) What is the difference between an engineer and a scientist?

7) What are the main powers of an engineer?

8) What do these powers determine?

9) Why is the profession of an engineer considered to be a multi-faceted one?

Speaking

Topics to discuss

1. Do your interests and abilities satisfy the requirements of the job you would like to do in the future?

2. If not an engineer, would you make a good doctor (teacher, journalist, researcher, etc)? Why or why not? Explain your reasons for and against.

3. Knowledge of foreign languages and cultures is growing in importance nowadays, isnít it? Try and explain why.

4. Name some occupations or professions for which a good knowledge of a foreign language is desirable. Give your reasons.

5. What role does knowledge of a foreign language play in your profession? Do you think you will be able to use foreign languages in your career?

Reading

Before you read

Read the story and be ready to comment on it

A man whose name was Herbert Hoover used to tell of meeting a woman on a ship while traveling. After several conversations over a week or so, the woman asked what his occupation was. Hoover told her he was an engineer, a mining engineer. And the woman replied, ďAn engineer? I thought you were a gentleman.Ē

While you read

Read the interviews given by the experienced engineers from some of the leading foreign companies to MASHINE DESIGN magazine and formulate the only question they were asked

A

John Volter, engineering manager at Festo AG

Today, nothing works without information technology, this change is revolutionary. With 3D-CAD, weíre designing three times faster than before, and the time saved using FEA for strength calculations is even greater. And thatís true even though with greater computing power came an equal increase in model complexity. But IT opens up a big playground for trial and error and undisciplined work. Sometimes progress is foiled by having to take too many iterative steps to get the best result instead of analytical thinking before designing.

 

B

Cris Maxwell, Vice President of Technology and Innovation at Parker Hannifin Corp.

The tools we have today are just incredible, far superior to anything we could have imagined as far as the math, analytics, and ability to create virtual models before we actually cut any metal. Thatís one reason we build better products today and take for granted things like reliability and six-sigma quality.

But what hasnít really changed a whole lot is the speed of the design process. Sometimes you can build and test a part and have an answer sooner than the time it takes to model it.



C


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 717


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