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A. He discovered how to keep the theories outside the realm of scientific inquiry.

B. He discovered that others would be reiterated as experimental psychology became increasingly cognitive

C. He discovered in dogs a learning process that was later termed "classical conditioning" and applied to human beings.

D. He discovered how the mind can function to a person's benefit.

3. What was Freud's psychoanalytic theory largely based on?

A. It was largely based on the first psychological laboratory.

B. It was largely based on interpretive methods, introspection and clinical observations.

C. It was largely based on general aspects of psychological development.

D. It was largely based on the experimental study of memory.

4. Why had American universities marginalized Freudian theory?

A. They had become experimentally oriented and regarded the theory as a "desiccated and dead" historical artifact.

B. They had focused on breaking down mental processes into the most basic components, starting a school of psychology that is called structuralism.

C. They hademphasized the ways in which people might be predisposed, or conditioned, by their environments to behave in certain ways.

D. They had given way to a new dominant paradigm: cognitive approaches.

5. Why did not Skinner's behaviorism die?

A. It didnít die because it opposed the predictions of behaviorism.

B. It didnít die because it focused on fundamentally and uniquely human issues.

C. It didnít die because it defended some of Freud's ideas on scientific grounds.

D. It didnít die because it generated successful practical applications.

6. What is Gestalt approach based upon?

A. It is based upon experimental methods.

B. It is based upon both behaviorism and psychoanalysis.

C. It is based upon the idea that individuals experience things as unified wholes.

D. It is based upon the learning process that was later termed "classical conditioning".

7. What did existential psychologists emphasize?

A. Existential psychologists emphasized cognitive behavioral therapy.

B. Existential psychologists emphasized the molecular approach of structuralism.

C. Existential psychologists emphasized the study of observable behavior.

D. Existential psychologists emphasized the humanistic themes of death, free will, and meaning, suggesting that meaning can be shaped by myths.

8. What did American psychologist Abraham Maslow formulate?

A. He formulated experimental methods to link psychological phenomena with the structure and function of the brain.

B. He formulated a hierarchy of human needs.

C. He formulated a form of psychotherapy modified from techniques.

D. He formulated the dominant paradigm of mainstream psychology.

9. What did existential psychologists emphasize?

A. Existential psychologists emphasized a hierarchy of human needs.

B. Existential psychologists emphasized the humanistic themes of death, free will, and meaning.



C. Existential psychologists emphasizedto the behaviors of an observant subject.


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 834


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