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Read the text and answer the questions that follow. Write your CV.


When approaching organizations for internships or work experience placements, resist the temptation to send out lots of emails. Letters are best. Emails give a far lower rate of response than letters. Letters have to be opened, but emails don't, and many are binned as junk or spam. It's not necessary to have had loads of work experience to create a great-looking impressive CV.

Telephoning before writing is a good idea. This enables you to qualify the good opportunities and remove the no-hopers. Phone the PA (personal assistant) of the decision-maker, so as to make the introduction, to ask about and qualify the opportunity and process of application and selection, and ask them to look out for your letter. If you are referred to another person or department go with their flow unless you are convinced it's taking you to the wrong place. Carrying out telephone follow-up to the PA's, and your overall persistence after you've sent your letters and CVs, will also greatly improve your success.

When it comes to sending letters and CVs to your selected organizations, writing personalized letters that explain why you'd like to work for the particular practice gives you a significant advantage over other people who send out an obvious mail shot-type letter, oriented to nobody in particular.

Your CV must sell you to a prospective employer, and compete against other applicants who are also trying to sell themselves. So the challenge in CV writing is to be more appealing and attractive than the rest. Don't try to hide failures, mistakes or shortcomings accept them, learn from them, seek to improve on them, and explain why and how this is so. Your integrity, honesty and commitment are extremely valuable in today's world.

This means that your curriculum vitae must be presented professionally, clearly, and in a way that indicates you are an ideal candidate for the job, i.e. you possess the right skills, experience, behaviour, attitude, morality that the employer is seeking. The way you present your CV effectively demonstrates your ability to communicate, and particularly to explain a professional business proposition.

1) What is better, to send an email or to write a letter, and why?

2) How much may telephoning help?

3) What additional tips on CV have you learned from the text?



2.1. a) Read the text and say how a Resume is different from a CV.


The main difference between a CV and a Resume is brevity. If you are applying for jobs in the US, recruiters will scan your CV for less than thirty seconds. US recruiters do not like lengthy job descriptions and personal profiles. If you have a 10 page CV you need to rewrite it in a form of a resume. Your resume should be a teaser, the hook, to pass on the essential information. So how do you go about turning your CV into a Resume? More than before, you should have the list of tasks associated with a job.


A resume is divided into several sections.

o Personal data

o Job Experience

o Education

o References

Each of these sections is preceded by a heading. These headings affect the scan-ability of your resume. Thought should be given to the following.

Readability. Is your heading a good description of the section?

White space. White space: the space between sections and sub sections. White space can divide your resume in easily readable parts. It can give a logical architecture.

Centered or Left Justified Section headings can be either centered or left justified. Both are good. Choose the style that fits with the overall resume presentation.

Most important information The most important information goes on top. This applies to the sections themselves and to the information in the sections.

Work history is the core of the resume for the experienced professional. Your space is limited, so your work history has to be brief and to the point. We suggest you write a full description of your previous jobs on a separate document and then start trimming it down. This way you are sure you can cover the employer's needs.

Include the following information on each job listed in your resume:

* Employment dates

* Employer's Name

* Locations

* Employer's Business

* Job Title

* Number of people under your supervision

* The title of your immediate supervisor


You have around 23 lines in your employment section. If you have one employer, dedicate the employment section of your resume to that job, but you have the luxury to go into detail and mention all the job responsibilities that you had. Job titles can increase the financial value of a resume.

If you had more than one job, do not dedicate the same amount of space to each one. You should give more attention to jobs that are similar to the one you are applying for. For employment history that extends over 10 years, give limited details such as: Name of Employer and your main responsibility.

Education: starting from your latest qualification, state your degrees, certificates and added qualifications clearly.

Experience: - make the most of it through the right presentation. Start with your most recent job details. Give details regarding your previous employer, his name and location. State all your previous job responsibilities. Don't forget to highlight the role you played in the company. Get down to specific details and elaborate how a particular duty you performed added value to the company. Write in terms of volume of sales, growth and other achievements.

Special skills: Don't forget to highlight any special skills that you have learnt. It may be a computer program or a new language. Special skills come in handy.

Interests and Hobbies (optional): In order to give the right picture of what you are all about, specify your other interests. Highlight the role you played in various club activities, campus functions or community activities. Use interesting and catchy verbs. Some catchy verbs you could use are: arranged, created, implemented, guided, projected, performed.

Personal Information in a resume should be limited to the essential contact details: your name, phone number and permanent address must be written right on top. Don't forget to mention your email ID too.


b) Study a resume sample given below.

Kenneth R. Zajac 8999 Lantree Dr ~ Howell, MI 48855 Home: (517)555-1111 Mobile: (734)666-1111 Email: krzajac@email.net
OBJECTIVE To obtain an engineering management or senior engineering position in R&D, controls, test, continuous improvement or quality at a growing, people-oriented, high-technology consumer, medical, electrical/electronic or transportation corporation where I can use my strong analytical, detail-oriented and interpersonal skills along with my exceptional common sense to improve services and products, reduce costs and lead times, delight customers and help and mentor others. All the while engaging in new challenges and learning experiences.
SUMMARY of QUALIFICATIONS Extensive experience in engineering and management, research and development, leadership and mentoring, test and problem-solving. My engineering forte is in electrical/electronic and automated test systems. Expert at analyzing and solving the most complex of problems. My solutions have saved over $23,000,000 in costs to date. Self motivated professional, capable of working independently or as part of a team.
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Chief R&D Engineering Technologist 2001 to Present Conduct Six Sigma and Lean Six Sigma projects to reduce engineering rework, reduce project lead times, reduce warranty costs, improve processes, and improve product quality and manufacturability. Research, development and implementation of all technologies, products, standards, procedures and processes including engines/transmission control, custom data acquisition and NVH testing systems.   Chief Controls Engineer 1984 to 2001 Managed a group of 20+ engineers including hiring, performance review, daily supervision, salary administration, mentoring and training. Evaluated work assignments and developed a master schedule for multiple projects to facilitate proper usage of limited labor resources. Worked as part of a multi-national/multi-site team to develop a document and implement standards for engineering design and practices. Implemented and enforced ISO 9001 engineering procedures. Developed and administered engineering concept, preliminary and final design review processes. Provided expert contribution to qualify equipment built for CE marking.   Senior Project Engineer 1979 to 1984 Analyzed testing requirements of various products. Proposed and implemented methods and equipment that would detect defects introduced during the production process. Provided expert resolution of the most troublesome of electrical interference issues. Designed and implemented custom electronic circuits for signal conditioning, data acquisition and control functions. Control and maintenance of the laboratory. Accountable for the distribution, calibration and repair of test equipment and laboratory facility.   Ford Motor Company 1977 to 1979Dearborn, MI. Electrical Engineer Service, repair and design engineering of controls systems for factory automation in the Metal Stamping Division. Specify and approve the purchase of automation equipment from suppliers. Designed and implemented custom electronic circuits for signal conditioning, data acquisition and control functions.  
EDUCATION Ferris State University 1973 to 1977 Big Rapids, MI. Bachelor of Science Electrical & Electronic Engineering   Michigan Manufacturing Technology Center 2005 Plymouth, MI. Certified Six Sigma Black Belt

2.2. Given below are some useful hints on the Education section of a resume. Read the text and prepare the Education section of your resume.


Your education is definitely one of your biggest assets. Use your education in your resume with care. It can be an essential element that can lead you to be chosen for the job. It does not matter if you have an MBA, a couple of A levels or just finished college. Education is one of the essential Resume Headings. If you have a solid work experience list it first in your resume. If your education is a stronger asset than your job experience then list it first. If you have achieved honors in your education program, make sure you include it in your resume. If you are just out of an educational program, and have no job experience, build your resume 'around' the program. Include practical projects & studies you have completed if you were studying for a degree or any other education which you failed to complete. List all the separate units together with the marks you got for each section. Training, courses, seminars and conferences should be included especially if you do not have any formal qualifications


2.3. a) Study the Reference section and present one or two references in your Resume. Try to answer all the necessary questions.


A resume reference is someone who can verify your credentials and all or part of the information you have written in your resume. References are usually contacted in the last stages of the job selection procedure, probably after the candidate has attended the first interview.

You have to know your references well and be sure that they can give a good feedback to anybody asking questions about your past.

Resume references can be:

* Former teachers or professors

* Clients

* Former project managers or supervisors

* Other contacts from industry associations


It is best to check your references before you give them to a potential employer. Call and ask them what they think about you. If you hesitate to do this, ask a friend who can do it for you. If you ask a previous manager if you can use them as a reference they will probably answer 'yes'. However you never know if this person will give a good reference or a bad one about you. Some employers nowadays even give the 'No Comment' when being asked about an employee. Still others spill their guts (show their anger) on your negative aspects. So be sure to check any references you list in your resume or give to a potential employer after the first interview. Ideally references have known you for more than a year.

Resume References have to be able to answer questions on the following subjects:


* Professional Conduct / Personal Character

* Academic Qualifications

* Work Experience

o Job titles

o Responsibilities

o Employment Dates

* Communication Skills

o Oral

o Written

* Strengths & Weaknesses

* Management / Leadership Skills

* Attitude

o Attendance

o Punctuality

o Dependability


In a resume you generally do not list your references unless it is specified in the job advert. The phrase 'References available upon request' is one of the most common phrases in resumes.

b) Presented below are some hints on a Combination resume. Make sure you understand the difference between a CV, a resume and a combination resume.

A combination resume is so called as it combines the features of both a functional and chronological resume/CV. It emphasizes your achievements while providing career history in reverse chronological order. It can provide great flexibility in that you can alter the emphasis of the resume to suit your personal abilities and situation. For example if you have few years in employment but many years in relevant education, then you can highlight education and keep the emphasis off work history.

Whichever way you choose to present the information, ensure that you understand the employers needs and consider how you can meet those and then tailor your CV/resume to make those things prominent.


2.4. a) Read the text on Resume Career Objective and Resume Professional Objective.

Date: 2015-12-18; view: 914

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