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Types of Swimming Strokes

Swimming Strokes

What is a Swimming Stroke?

A swimming stroke is a method of moving the arms and legs to push against the water and propel the swimmer forward.

Swimming strokes should create the least possible water resistance. When swimming, there should be a minimum of splashing so that forward motion is smooth and not jerky.

Types of Swimming Strokes

Butterfly

o The most difficult and exhausting stroke.

o The body is in a prone position.

o Involves the dolphin kick with a windmill-like movement of both arms in unison.

o When swimming competitively, the swimmer must not swim underwater. The only time a swimmer can swim underwater is the first stroke after the start and each turn.

High Elbow Catch

Breast Stroke

o The body is in a prone position.

o Involves frog kicking alternates with a simultaneous movement of the arms from a point in front of the head to shoulder level.

o When swimming competitively, the swimmer's head must be kept above the surface of the water at all times.

Power stroke

Crawl

o Front or Back

The body is in a prone position.

Involves alternating overarm strokes and the flutter kick.

The head remains in the water, the face alternating from side to side.

Sidestroke

o Involves a forward underwater stroke with the body on one side and a scissors kick.

Trudgen

o Named after an English swimmer whose speed made it famous.

o Involves alternate overarm strokes in a prone position, with a scissors kick and the head remains on one side.

Freestyle

o Swimming where any stroke is used.

o When swimming competitively, only 15 meters can be spent underwater from the start or from each turn.

Backstroke

o Involves alternate over-the-head arm strokes and a flutter kick in a supine position.

o When swimming competitively, only 15 meters can be spent underwater from the start or from each turn.

Dog Paddle

o One of the most simple strokes.

o Involves reaching forward with the arms underwater and using a modified flutter kick.

 

http://www.factsnfacts.com/sports_facts/swimming_facts/

Swimming started in the 1st century.

Swimming has been a part of the Olympics since 1896.

Breaststroke is the oldest type of stroke.

YMCA stands for Young Men Christian Association.

In breaststroke and butterfly you need to touch with two hands at the same time when you finish.

In freestyle and backstroke you touch with only one hand when you finish.

Some people think swimming started when a person fell into the water and panicking, he started to swim in a way we call today dog paddle.

Egyptians made a picture or symbol for swimming as far back as 2500 A.

Peanuts are a source of energy for swimmers.

Drags slow you down in swimming because they are not skin tight.

The shorter your hair is the more chance you have for swimming faster because there is less friction.

Sidestroke is not swam in official competitions because they are drills during swimming practice.



You are disqualified if you do a bad dive such as a cannonball by accident or a false start.

A false start is when you dive before the referee shoots the "gun" or the start system.

USS (a more advanced swimming organization) may not swim in YMCA State Competitions because they are not part of the YMCA. However, they are able to swim in other competitions.

Flip turns are done when you reach one end of the pool except for your last lap.

Flip turns are when you flip forward like a somersault.

You only do flip turns in backstroke and freestyle.

In butterfly and breaststroke you just turn regularly.

In I.M. (Individual Medley) you swim a combination of butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle in the given order.

In I.M. relays, the strokes are swam in this order: backstroke, butterfly, breaststroke and freestyle.

In swimming, 50 free means two laps of freestyle because one lap of the pool is 25 yards so don't mistake 50 free for 50 laps freestyle.

In swimming competitions heats are given so you know which group you swim in or when you swim.

Most of the times, the first heats are the slowest in a event and the last heats are the fastest.

Swimming can be done for competition and it is helpful in survival.

 

swimming, self-propulsion through water, often as a form of recreation or exercise or as a competitive sport. It is mentioned inmany of the classics in connection with heroic acts or religiousrites. The first book on methods of swimming was NicolasWynman's Dialogue Concerning the Art of Swimming (1538).Swimming calls more muscles into play with exact coordinationthan most other sports, and its high repetition of movement makesit extremely beneficial to the cardiovascular system.

Swimming Strokes

Swimming strokes should create the least possible waterresistance; there should be a minimum of splashing so that forwardmotion is smooth and not jerky. The stroke most commonly usedto attain speed is the crawl, standardized in Australia (hencesometimes called the Australian crawl) and perfected in the UnitedStates. In the crawl the body is prone; alternating overarm strokesand the flutter kick are used, and the head remains in the water,the face alternating from side to side. The trudgen stroke (namedfor an English swimmer whose speed made it famous), alsoinvolves alternate overarm strokes in a prone position, but ascissors kick is used and the head remains on one side. Thebackstroke is done in a supine position and in racing requiresalternate over-the-head arm strokes and a flutter kick. Theelementary backstroke involves alternation of the frog kick withsimultaneous strokes of the arms, which are extended at shoulderlevel and moved in an arc toward the hips. The sidestroke, arelaxed movement, entails a forward underwater stroke with thebody on one side and a scissors kick. The breaststroke can also bea restful stroke and is accomplished in a prone position; frogkicking alternates with a simultaneous movement

of the arms froma point in front of the head to shoulder level. The most difficult andexhausting stroke is the butterfly; second only to the crawl inspeed, it is done in a prone position and

employs the dolphin kickwith a windmill-like movement of both arms in unison. It ismastered by only the best swimmers. The dog

paddle, a verysimple stroke that takes its name from the way a dog swims, isdone by reaching forward with the arms underwater and using amodified flutter kick.

In freestyle swimming any stroke may be used, but the crawl,considered the speediest, is

almost always favored. No matter whatthe stroke, breathing should be easy and natural, since the specificgravity of the human body, although it varies with the individual, isalmost always

such that the body floats if the lungs are functioningnormally. In races, facility in diving from a firm surface is essential, except in the backstroke.


Date: 2015-12-18; view: 1196


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