Checks and Balances
|| Legislative Branch
can be checked by:
|| Executive branch
can be checked by:
|| Judicial branch can be checked by:
| Legislative Branch
|| Can overrule veto
Controls by statute
Impeachment of president
Senate approval of appointments and treaties
|| Controls appropriations
Can create inferior courts
Can add new judges
Senate approves appointments
Impeachment of judges
| Executive branch
|| Can veto legislation
Can convene special session
Can adjourn Congress when Chambers disagree
Vice-president presides over Senate and votes to break ties
|| President appoints judges
| Judicial Branch
|| Judicial review of legislation
Chief Justice presides over Senate during proceedings to impeach president
|| Judicial review over presidential actions
Power to issue warrants
Chief Justice presides over impeachment of president
The national government's power is not limited by states' power. The only powers the states have are those the Federal government has not reserved for itself. But in a dispute the Federal government can and will use military force if necessary.
The structure of state government parallels that of the federal government. Each of the fifty states has a written constitution. Each also has a separation of powers among three branches, which share power through a system of checks and balances.
All the state legislatures, except Nebraska's, have the same format as Congress with two houses, usually called the state senate and state assembly. State legislatures also work through committees and pass laws through a process very like that used in Congress. Like the President, the chief executive of a state, the governor, enjoys the powers of administration, appointment and veto. The structure of a state judiciary is also broadly parallel to the federal court system. In most states there is a state supreme court and under it appeals courts and (parallel to the US district courts) county or municipal courts.
Task 1. Answer the following questions.
1. What document is the operation of the US government based on?
2. How are the powers of government distributed between the federal government and the state governments?
3. What are the three branches of the national government?
4. What is the system of "checks and balances"? How is it exercised?
5. In what way does the legislature exercise a check on the executive branch?
6. What limits the powers of the national and state governments?
7. What is known as the Bill of Rights?
Task 2. Revise your knowledge of the US system of checks and balances. Look at the following diagram and match the numbered items (1-9) with their correct interpretation (A-I).
Date: 2015-01-02; view: 1091