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Cosmic Samara" Space museum

Welcome museum "Cosmic Samara"

Founded in 2007, the modern museum premises are used not only for permanent and temporary exhibitions but also they are the place where conferences, festivals, holidays and city events are held.

Today the museum collection is represented by 900 exhibits including unique ones. The history of the regional air-space industry is displayed in museums rooms, here visitors can find out the details of the Soviet state and the Communist party decision-making process.

History of Samara Space Complex consists of enterprises and collectives, which started to develop and manufacture rocket - space engineering during post-war period, and made the great contribution into development of cosmonautics and national defense. Sputnik, which made photographs of the earth from space, was crested at Samara's enterprises. The State Research and Production Space Rocket Center "Progress" is one of the world leaders in development, production and operation of space complexes and systems for various purposes. Central Design Bureau owes its birth to the chief designer of space-rocket systems Sergey Korolyov. That's due to his initiative the foundation of specialized space center in city Samara (former name - Kuibyshev) was laid in the 1950es. Beginning in 1961 the works on modernization, testing, flight testing and operation of the launch vehicle R-7 were fully transferred to branch of Central Design Bureau in Kuibyshev.

Almost 50 years have passed since the man was launched into space. Yury Gagarin's hour of triumph was closely related with our city. After the landing 12 April 1961, the cosmonaut 1 Yuri Gagarin was delivered by helicopter to Kuibyshev, where he was resting and giving his first autographs to the local officials and journalists. Beginning with Gagarin's flight the rocket R-7 has become the one and only vehicle of the space penetration for the domestic space exploration. The modified thermonuclear carrier missile serves to solve the main task of the space exploration - the creation of the reliable supply system for the orbital stations. Among all the launch vehicles made in the XX century for the space exploration R-7 rightfully holds the first spot.

In the world today there are two ways to deliver a human into space: on the spaceship using the modified "R-7" or on the American Space - Shuttle. On the basis of R - 7 rocket the modified launch vehicles such as "Vostok", "Soyuz", "Molniya" were developed in Kuibyshev. The most famous is the launch vehicle "Soyuz" designed onto the low circular orbits and transport ships. One can see full-scale 50 meter model of "Soyuz" as a monument at the city square near our museum. During last decades Samara engineers have designed 8 modifications of launch vehicles based on R-7 original package. They have launched more than 1700 of different types of satellites and other space devices. Launch vehicle "Soyuz" has delivered onto the space station the ships with 24 international crews from 19 countries.

Landing module "Yantar"
From 1967 to 1978 the observation satellite "Yantar" presented in our exhibition was designed and issued in our city. For the creation of that satellite the USSR for the first time implemented the idea to drop the film exposed on the orbit in the small - sized capsules. The space craft having no counterparts elsewhere in the word was designed based on that satellite.

Landing module "Resurs"
In 1979 the local company "Progress" had designed the space complex "Resurs" which landing module is also exposed in museum. It was dedicated to large-scale multizone and spectral photography of the earth surface. "Resurs" spacecraft is equipped with two long - focus lens large area cameras that allow getting the images with 5-8 m of film resolution, and with three large area topographic cameras with 20-30 m of film resolution.

With creation of space apparatus for near-Earth and interplanery flights the task was put to manufacture space alloy and fuel tanks for rockets. Samara metallurgic plant played an important role in this work. Tanks by their design were global reservoirs with diameter varying from 3 to 12 meters. It was recognized advisable to manufacture spheres from segments ("lobes") with following butt welding. Starting from May 1979 the plant began fulfillment of orders for the welding rack. One of the "lobes" is demonstrated in the museum.


Date: 2015-12-18; view: 1091

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