· Emigration (from Lat. Emigro - «evict") - migration from one country to another for economic, political and personal reasons. Emigration is a voluntary relocation of individuals families, in contrast to the forced resettlement - expulsion from the country or deportation.
· In contrast to simple migration within the region or between regions of the country immigration related to departure out of the country, that is, involves crossing the border. Emigration is different from short trips with personal and business tourist travel that necessarily involves a change of residence. Emigration does not necessarily mean naturalization, acquisition or change of nationality or citizenship. Russia, in particular, allows its citizens to have dual citizenship.
Nowadays immigration policy is often closely related to other policies:
Tax, tariff and trade rules that determine what goods immigrants may bring with them, what services they may perform while temporarily in the country, and who is allowed to remain like the European Union has few immigration restrictions within it.
Investment policy that permits wealthy immigrants to invest in businesses in exchange for favorable treatment, early issuance of passports and permanent resident status.
Agricultural policy that may make exemptions for migrant farm workers, who typically enter a country only for the harvest season and then return home to a developing nation (such as Mexico or Jamaica that often send such workers to US and Canada respectively).
Overcrowding that can be blamed for the spread of Tuberculosis or a house price boom
Birth rates which are low in developed nations
An important aspect of immigration policy is the treatment of refugees, more or less helpless or stateless people who throw themselves on the mercy of the state they enter, seeking refuge from poor treatment in their country of origin.
With the rise of terrorism worldwide, another major concern is the national security of nations that let people cross borders. The belief is that terrorists can come from overseas. These concerns often lead to intrusive security searches and tighter visa requirements, which can discourage immigration, temporary visitors, and even movement within countries or birth within countries. There is often pressure on nations to loosen immigration policy or inspections to enable tourism and relocation of businesses to a country, from a destabilized region.
· Financially Secured Future
· Start of a Series
· Political Reasons
· Needs of Different Personalities
· Soul Mate
A very good example of push and pull factors and their effect on migration can be found in the job market. Let's say that you live in a very poor country. There are very few jobs available to you that can give you the money you need to support your family. The lack of jobs pushes you to leave your home country. Let's imagine that the country next to yours has a lot of jobs to offer. The chance to get one of those much need jobs pulls you to move to that country.
Lack of employment or entrepreneurial opportunities
Better opportunities for acquiring farms for self and children
Lack of political or religious rights
Cheap purchase of farmland
Persecution or intolerance based on sex, race or sexual orientation
More job opportunities
Lack of freedom to choose religion, or to choose no religion at all
Shortage of farmland; hard to start new farms (historically)
Prepaid travel (from relatives)
Oppressive legal/political conditions
Better welfare programs
Struggling or Failing economy
Military draft, warfare
Join friends and relatives who have already moved
Famine or drought
Build specific cultural or religious communities
Cultural fights with other cultural groups
Expulsion by armed force or coercion
There are some types:
A family reunion
Visa for exchange program is intended for people who wish to immigrate to the United States for a short time on exchange programs. Bidder may visit the U.S. on a visa from J1 to teach, learn, explore, advise and demonstrate their other skills. -for these people who want to immigrate on their own: -High school students -short-term scholars -interns -teachers -Professors and research scholars -specialists -International and national representatives -lawyers -Students coming for a summer job or a trip -Exchange program for special education.
The first thing to consider when moving to the U.S. question - a question of visas. Of course, have read a lot of information. Next you need to decide on such a range of issues, why do you need to America and what you're there to do - you are a student, or are there to work, maybe you can eat like a tourist or you invite friends or relatives, you can invite a job or you are a large firm just won on green card.
The second important question - is filing. This can be accomplished in a very different variations: simple submission of documents to the embassy, complete the questionnaire online, interview in the office of the company, etc. If all of the documents in order, and they are accepted, you will be invited for an interview at the embassy.
The third point - that is, information about the price of accommodation, as well as search for jobs on about wages, you also need a summary in English, as the documents in order to take to school.
Cause of their relatives for permanent residence in the United States have the right to U.S. citizens and permanent residents (having a "green card"). But this is not about any relatives, and on certain categories of relationships. There are rules for determining whether a spouse, parent or child to apply for Green Card. Wife. If one of the spouses previously married, he must have an official certificate of legal termination of marriage (divorce decree or death of a spouse). Civil marriage can also be counted in some cases, but you have to present convincing documents, officially registered marriage more "comfortable" in terms of immigration law. Marriages by proxy, in which the husband or wife is not available at the time of the ceremony, do not count, unless the later marriage was not officially registered. Widow (EC) of a U.S. citizen can qualify for the Green Card in certain circumstances, as a "special immigrant". Parents and children. Natural parents and legitimate children qualify for the Green Card. In some cases that will be discussed later, only unmarried (unmarried) children and children under 21 may qualify for a Green Card. In other cases, children older than 21 years (sons and daughters) can qualify for the Green Card. Foster children - children of one spouse from the first marriage - are qualified if the marriage between a parent and a citizen or permanent resident of the United States was recorded before the child turned 18.
Green Card (Green Card) - is the U.S. immigration visa. Every year the U.S. government allocates 50,000 visas (Green Card), which give the right to permanent residence and work in the United States to citizens of other states.
This opportunity was provided by the U.S. Immigration Act 1990 under which immigration category was introduced, designed to increase the ethnic diversity of entering the U.S. on a permanent basis.
1. First, all residents of the U.S. must pay taxes from the year get a green card.
2. Second, all green card holders a male between the ages of 18 and 26 are required to take the military records.
3. Third. Green card - this residence in the United States, that is, a document that proves that you are a resident in America.