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Active to passive with phrasal verbs PEG 302-6

In this exercise most of the sentences contain a verb + preposition/adverb combination. The preposition or adverb must be retained when the combination is put into the passive.
In most of the sentences it is not necessary to mention the agent.

1 The government has called out troops.

2 Fog held up the trains, {agent required)

3 You are to leave this here. Someone will call for it later on.

4 We called in the police.

5 They didn't look after the children properly.

6 They are flying in reinforcements.

7 Then they called up men of 28.

8 Everyone looked up to him. (agent required)

9 All the ministers will see him off at the airport, (agent required)

10 He hasn't slept in his bed.

11 We can build on more rooms.

12 They threw him out.

13 They will have to adopt a different attitude.

14 He's a dangerous maniac. They ought to lock him up.

15 Her story didn't take them in. (agent required)

16 Burglars broke into the house.

17 The manufacturers are giving away small plastic toys with each packet of cereal.

18 They took down the notice.

19 They frown on smoking here.

20 After the government had spent a million pounds on the scheme they decided that it was impracticable and gave it up. (Make only the first and last verbs passive.)

21 When I returned I found that they had towed my car away. I asked why they had done this and they told me that it was because I had parked it under a No Parking sign.

(four passives)

22 People must hand in their weapons.

23 The crowd shouted him down.

24 People often take him for his brother.

25 No one has taken out the cork.

26 The film company were to have used the pool for aquatic displays, but now they have changed their minds about it and are filling it in. (Make the first and last verbs passive.)

27 This college is already full. We are turning away students the whole time.

28 You will have to pull down this skyscraper as you have not complied with the town planning regulations.

Active to passive with changes of construction

PEG 119, 235, 302-6

Some of the following sentences when put into the passive require or can have a change of construction.

1 believe, claim, consider, find, know, say, suppose and think when used in the passive can be followed by an infinitive:
They say he is a spy = He is said to be a spy.
They say he was a spy = He is said to have been a spy.
It is said that he is/was . . .
is also possible.

2 Subject +be supposed + infinitive often conveys an idea of duty, particularly when the subject isyou:
It is your duty to obey him = You are supposed to obey him.

3 Infinitives after passive verbs are normally full infinitives.

4 Note the use ofhave + object + past participle:

Get someone to mend it = Have it mended.
(See PEG 119.)

5 Note the use ofshould in the passive. (See PEG 235.)

Put the following sentences into the passive, using an infinitive construction where possible.

1 We added up the money and found that it was correct.

2 I'm employing a man to tile the bathroom.

3 Someone seems to have made a terrible mistake.

4 It is your duty to make tea at eleven o'clock. (Use suppose.)

5 People know that he is armed.

6 Someone saw him pick up the gun.

7 We know that you were in town on the night of the crime.

8 We believe that he has special knowledge which may be useful to
the police, (one passive)

9 You needn't have done this.

10 It's a little too loose; you had better ask your tailor to take it in. (one passive)

11 He likes people to call him 'sir'.

12 Don't touch this switch.

13 You will have to get someone to see to it.

14 It is impossible to do this. (Use can't.)

15 Someone is following us.

16 They used to make little boys climb the chimneys to clean them. (one passive)

17 You have to see it to believe it. (two passives)

18 You order me about and I am tired of it. (lam tired of. . .)

19 He doesn't like people laughing at him.

20 You don't need to wind this watch.

21 They shouldn't have told him.

22 They decided to divide the money between the widows of the lifeboatmen.

(They decided that the money ...)

23 People believe that he was killed by terrorists.

24 They are to send letters to the leaders of charitable organizations.

25 We consider that she was the best singer that Australia has ever produced.

(one passive)

26 We don't allow smoking.

27 We know that the expedition reached the South Pole in May.

28 Before they invented printing people had to write everything by hand.

29 They urged the government to create more jobs. (two ways)

30 They suggested banning the sale of alcohol at football matches.


Indirect speech

Date: 2015-12-17; view: 1777

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