1. to designate
2. a relative
3. to vary
4. the quality
5. semi famous
7. an element of
8. a quality of
9. the popular
10. a particular
d. news paper
g. a process
Complete the sentences using active vocabulary from the text.
1. I don’t really read stories about stock markets I prefer………
2. It’s unfair that we are bombarded by dull stories about………
3. To speak it mildly this item…….
4. There was nothing left for journalists to do but……
5. A piece of news is said to be……….
6. A news-teller is not allowed to……..
7. Journalists are cautioned that there cann’t be any……..
8. All the mass media are concerned with news but newspapers and magazines……..
9. In a sural newspaper you can find a lot of material……..
10. A news presenter is limited to the cold facts that is why……
Translate the following sentences into Ukrainian explain the contextual meaning of the words in bold.
1. Government departments often found themselves competing for scarce resources.
2. Oh, for goodness sake, stop squabbling, you two!
3. What baffles me is how few of them can spell.
4. In this chapter we examine how the female nude became a crucial element in the formation of art designated modern.
5. During the war, things like clothes and shoes were scarce.
6. Why was it designated romantic folly?
7. The crime remained unique, and lawmakers were still squabbling over the ramifications.
8. Designate a driver who won't be drinking before going to a party or club.
9. The exact nature of black holes continues to baffle scientists.
10. The city's school system, among the worst of a bad lot through the state, is full of squabbling.
11. The compound cell is then designated by a combination of the abbreviations applied to the original separate cells.
12. Entirely reliable facts, other than those here mentioned, are scarce.
Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word from the topical vocabulary, making any necessary changes.
to baffle to squabble to be scarce to designate
to be designated
1. After the war, food and clothing were _________________________.
2. The disease has _______________________doctors, who are unable to treat it.
3. Three of the children are __________________ ____to you as special students.
4. Cheap, clean hotel rooms are __________ in this city, especially in the summer.
5. The kids always _________________________about who should do the dishes.
6. $6 million has been ______to make road safety improvements on Pacheco Pass.
7. The mysterious phenomenon of long marriage _______________him.
8. Water is always _______________________________in these parts.
9. Fidel has ____his brother Raul, now head of the armed forces, as his successor.
10. Now moderate and conservative Republicans are ______over the interpretation.
11. What _________me is how anyone could escape from the jail in broad daylight.
12. One of the queues was ___________________for people with an EC passport.
Work in pairs and dicuss with your parner the following points: what news is, why we need news, what its five qualities and how you understand them.
News: gathering and delivering
& 1. Read the text and find words in the text which mean the following:
1. short memorable sentence or phrase that will be repeated in news bulletins and articles
2. people trying to influence what other people think about a particular issue
4. meetings to give information to and answer questions from the press
5. regularly checking
6. want to reach a wider audience
7. express their opinions
8. present a story in a particular way
9. give a formal announcement to the press
10 time of year, summer in the UK, when there is not much happening and trivial stories end up on the front page
11.collecting scandal (informal and disapproving)
12. making use of people or organisations which regularly provide news
Gathering the news
Journalists gather news in a number of different ways. They may get stories from pressure groups which want to air their views in public. They seek publicity for their opinions and may hold press conferences or may issue a statement / press release. A person who especially wishes to attract news attention will try to include a sound bite in what they say. It is particularly hard for journalists to get material in the silly season.
Journalists also get stories by tapping useful sources and by monitoringinternational news agencies like Reuters. The more important a story is, the more column inches it will be given in the newspaper. Journalists of different political persuasions often put their own gloss/spin on a story and some journalists gather stories by muck-raking.
2. Match the two parts of the collocations used in the text above:
1. air groups
2. issue conference
3. muck bite
4. press season
5. pressure raking
6. silly sources
7. sound a statement
8. tap your views
3. Translate into Ukrainian:
pressure groups; to air one’s views ; to seek publicity; to hold press conferences; to issue a statement ;press release; a sound bite; silly season; to tap useful sources; column inches; to put one’s own gloss/spin on a story; muck-racking.