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Listen to five people talking. Match each speaker (1-5) to one of the topics (A-F). There is one topic you do not need to use.

A reasons for taking part in sport Speaker 1  
the sporting facilities available Speaker 2  
innovations in sport Speaker 3  
D attitudes towards health and fitness Speaker 4  
E the cost of buying sports equipment Speaker 5  
F the income and status of sports stars    

Now listen to two people talking about sport. Using points A-F above as headings, make short notes about their ideas, and compare them with yours.

A    
B      
C      
D      
E      
F      

 

3 Listen again. What unusual sports do the speakers mention?

 

     

 

Vocabulary 1:word formation (prefixes)

Look at the prefixes. Although they do not mean anything by themselves, they are used to make words negative or opposite. Work with a partner and write down two adjectives for each one using the prefix. They may be negatives or opposites. You can use a dictionary if you need to.

un-

dis-

im -

il-

ir-

 

Work with a partner. Take turns to read one of the following statements so that your partner can contradict it using a word with a prefix from Exercise 1. Remember to stress the prefix.

Example:

A: / think the new stadium has very comfortable seats.

B: Oh, really? I think the seats in the new stadium are very uncomfortable.

 

1 That information is completely relevant to this discussion.

2 When I read it, I thought the ideas in his proposal for a new sports club were totally logical.

3 The young footballer interviewed on television last night seemed very mature for his age.

4 Children nowadays seem to be more obedient than in the past.

5 I found that last statement quite believable.

Some prefixes have a dictionary definition. Look at the prefixes in bold in each of these sentences. Match them to their meanings below.

 

1 You'll have to rerun the race, as the result wasn't clear.

2 The English team were completely outplayed by the Australians.

3 I completely misheard the trainers instructions, and ran ten miles instead of ten kilometres.

4 He overate and put on so much weight that he was dropped from the team.

5 I am very antisocial when I'm training for a competition - I never go out with friends because I always have early nights.

6 I've read Lance Armstrong's autobiography six times - I think it's really inspiring.

7 The player was not feeling well, and underperformed in the final.

8 There was a kind of postmortem after the team lost the game, to try to find out what went wrong.

9 Do you use a monolingual dictionary in class?

10 I find it easier to use a bilingual dictionary when I'm travelling - it's quicker!



 

a) less of an action or quality than is correct, needed or desired

b) again

c) opposite

d) after

e) badly / wrongly

f) two / double

g) too much

h) being or becoming bigger, further, greater, etc.

i) one / single

j) of or by yourself

 

3 How does knowing the meaning of the prefix help you understand the word?

Decide which prefix(es) from Exercise 3 can be used with each of the words below. Then write a sentence using each one to bring out its meaning.

graduate (n)

instate (v)

clockwise (adj)

understand (v)

statement (n)

active (adj)

 


Date: 2015-12-17; view: 1190


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Read the text and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0). | Add prefixes to the following words and complete the gaps with them.
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