The big music story of 2005 turned (0) OUT to be the success of the Arctic Monkeys, a British group (1) debut single went straight to the top of the charts. But theirs was (2) ordinary success story in the music business.
Far (3) being discovered and promoted by one of the big record labels, the group had made it (4) their own; recording their own material and freely distributing it via the Internet. Music fans had downloaded the songs, realized (5) good they were and then forwarded the files to their friends by means of (6) became known as 'file sharing'. In (7) words, the group's reputation had been established via word-of-mouth.
The previous decade had seen a real revolution (8) home recording. It had become possible for anyone with musical talent, and a modest amount to invest in the latest digital equipment, to achieve home recordings of comparable quality (9) those produced in professional studios.
To people in the music business, (10) , the idea of allowing free downloading was unthinkable. Surely, they reasoned, if you (11) your music away on the Internet, (12) would buy a hard copy. But the success of the Arctic Monkeys demonstrated that the loss of potential income when people downloaded songs (13) than buying them, could be offset by the increased exposure the music got (14) a result. In effect, it was worth making some songs freely available as a way of generating interest in others for (15) , of course, people had to pay.
Grammar 1: overview
The email below contains ten different basic grammatical mistakes. Find the mistakes and correct them. The first one has been done for you.
Just touching base to tell (0) to you about the film I went to see last night as you asked. My advice to you are - don't bother with it at all! It was complete rubbish, and a waste of time and money. I really wish I had not gone myself, and if I'd have read the reviews, I'd have given it a miss. I've been going to the cinema regularly since at least six years, and that was by far the worst film I had seen up to now - it's a such terrible film I can't understand how or why they decided to make it. Apart of everything else, I was so bored! So in case you might consider to go, you know my opinion now!
Anyway - enough of my complaints - and in spite of my disappointment with this particular film I haven't actually gone off films in general! So on a different topic - I know that you are interested for live music gigs, and t wondered whether might you like to come with me to the open-air concert in the park next Saturday? Itll be great, and all the others are going. Let me know it what you think - but unless I hear from you by Friday Ill assume you can't make it. I'm attaching some information about the concert with this email so that you can see who is playing, and we can get the tickets on the night.
So that's all for now - speak to you soon.
All the best,
1 Choose two mistakes that you found difficult to spot.
2 Identify the area of grammar in each case.
3 Look up those areas in a grammar reference book. Make notes on what you learn, and explain it to another student.
the best ways of remembering areas of grammar that you make mistakes with
the best ways of eliminating grammar mistakes from your writing and speaking.
TIP! Always keep your written work, and make a note of any areas of grammar that you made mistakes with more than once. Refer to this grammar checklist before you start a new piece of writing. This may help you to avoid making the same mistake again.
Grammar 2: verb tenses (perfect aspect)
1. Look at this sentence from the text about file sharing. Which event happened first? How do you know?
Music fans bad downloaded the songs, realised how good they were and then forwarded the files ...
1 Complete the sentences using contracted forms (e.g. He's not He has).
1 He (be) crazy about jazz ever since he was five years old.
2 They (finish) making the film in about six months' time.
3 By the time lord of the Rings came out on DVD. I (see) it three times.
4 I think I (go) to that exhibition, but I can't remember when.