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numeral participle pronoun noun

The period of lost endings

 

OE employed 2 ways of word-building: 1) derivation and 2) word-composition . (in alphabetical order)

 

Match the letters in bold with their pronunciation:

feet

snow (NE snow)

gentil

mercy

yet

good

sonne (NE son)

esy

thief

not (NE not)

 

The object in OE was subdivided into the direct object, which was in the Acc. case and the indirect object, which was in the Dat. case.

 

In addition to 4 grammatical categories of the OE finite verbs we must mention 2 debatable categories: aspect and voice. (in alphabetical order)

 

The Great Vowel Shift was first studied by the Danish linguist ... , who coined the term.

Otto Jespersen

 

The famous German linguist Jacob Grimm who considered strong verbs to be of “a more noble nature” as compared with weak verbs, because ...

they built their forms without inflexion or suffixes

 

OE Mann-cynn

compound word

 

OE daʒ > ME day [dai] – is one of the quantitative vowel changes.

Íå âåðíî

 

Identify the genre of the following EME written records:

Evil Times of Edward II - political

Ormulum - religious

Ancrene Riwle - religious

Brut - romantic

Pricke of Conscience - religious

Poema Morale - religious

Cursor Mundi - religious

King Horn - romantic

The London Proclamation - political

Havelok the Dane - adventures

 

Indicate what happened to a letter in ME period.

Came into disuse

 

In adjectives and nouns the stress fell to ...

The prefix

 

In OE there were two large groups of suffixes: suffixes of adjectives and suffixes of nouns . (in alphabetical order)

Noun suffixes are divided into suffixes of abstractnouns and those of agentnouns. (in alphabetical order)

 

Internal means of enriching Middle English vocabulary was word-formation

 

In studying the history of the language we face causes of changes, which can be divided into two kinds: (1) externaland (2) internal

 

There were three moods of the verb in OE: - the imperative , -the indicative and - the subjunctive . (in alphabetical order)

 

Mark the grammatical categories which are characteristic of the OE noun.

more than 25 declensions

4 cases (Nom., Gen., Dat., Acc.)

3 genders (masc., fem., neut.)

2 numbers (sg., pl.)

 

The OE vowels were distinguished within the following sets:

1. monophthongs and diphthongs

2. open and close

3. front and back

4. labialized and non-labialized .

 

All vowel changes in ME and ENE can be divided into (in the alphabetical order):

1. changes of stressed vowels

1.1. qualitative changes

1.2. quantitative changes

2. changes of unstressedvowels

 

Mark the sounds which were positional variants of the phonemes in OE.

[v] [s] [ð]

 

What happened to OE sounds [f] – [v], [θ] – [ð], [s] – [z] in ME? Were they treated as allophones or as separate phonemes?



[θ] – [ð] allophones

[f] – [v] separate phonemes

[s] – [z] ?

 

There were the following classes of verbs in OE:

1. minor groups of the verbs:

1.1. anomalous verbs;

1.2. preterite-present verbs;

1.3. suppletive verbs.

2. strong verbs ( 7 (How many?) classes);

3. weak verbs ( 3 (How many?) classes);

 

Indicate the source of the borrowing in the ME.

uncle- French

 

Match the given characteristic features with the names of the periods of the EL history:

No literary tradition in oral dialects prehistoric

English was transformed into mainly analytical language ENE

The stage of tribal dialects prehistoric

English was restored to the position of the state language ME

Synthetic language with a well-developed system of morphological categories OE

There appeared norms and standards in English ENE

The first printed book in English appeared ME

Name the type of replacement illustrated by the example.

e.g. the modern Common case of nouns and OE cases – Nom., Gen. and Acc.

Merging

 

Fill in the gap. Indicate the case of the following infinitives.

Beran – Nominative case

To berenne / to beranne -Dativecase

 

To which etymological layer does the following word belong?

land(land) – Common Germanic

Match the type of subjunctive and its meaning in ENE.

I/he were young– past

I/he be young – present

I/he should be young – present

I should be young / He would be young – past

 

Match the letters in bold with their pronunciation:

ʒlēo

ʒiefan

lēoð

wyrð

tahte

niht

sian

sorʒ

sean

selfa

 

The subject in OE could be expresed by:

numeral participle pronoun noun

 

One of the most important developments in Late ME and Early NE syntax was the growth of predicative constructions such as:

- Complex Object or Objective predicative Construction;

- Complex Subject or Subjective predicative Construction;

- Gerundial complexes.

 

The most productive types of word-composition in M and EN E are

1. noun +noun

2. gerund+ noun

A new pattern in ME was verb + adverb

 

Put the periods of the EL history into the right order.

 

_________ is a phonological process in which short vowels were diphthongized before certain consonant clusters (œ > ea, e > eo).

Fracture

 

Match the meanings of the cases with their names:

It is used for attributes to other nouns; with possessive and partitive meaning. - Genitive

It is the case of the active agent; is also used instead of the Vocative case. Dative

It is used for the direct object; indicates a relationship to a verb. Nominative

It is used with prepositions; for indirect personal object; with instrumental meaning. Accusative

 

What type of form-building is used in each case:

ban (sg.) - ban (pl.) - NE bone zero-inflection

modor (sg.) - modru (pl.) - NE mother inflection

mus (sg.) - mys (pl.) - NE mouse umlaut

bryd (sg.) - brydas (pl.) - NE brideinflection

Classify the following OE written records:

Franks Casket

Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Angloum Latin

Ruthwell Cross

Beowulf - Mercian/northumbrian dialect

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle latin

Cura Pastoralis

The Battle of Maldon

 

The verb predicate agreed with the subject of the sentence in two grammatical categories: number and person . (in alphabetical order)

 

The Participle was a kind of verbal adjective , the infinitive was a kind of verbal noun

 

What is the correct transcription for the following diagraph:

Aw [au]

 

Match the items.

it expressed states and qualities resulting from past action - participle II

it was passive – participle II

it was active - participle I

it expressed present or simultaneous processes and qualities – participle I

 

Match the following LME written records with their authors:

Vox Clamantis - john goward

Pearl - unknown

Wallace - henry the ministrel

The Vision Concerning Piers the Plowman - Langland

Polychronicon - hidgen

The Canterbury Tales - Chaucer

King’s Quhair - king james of scotland

 

Fill in the gaps with appropriate words to complete the sentence:

The type of the connection between the head noun and the adjective in ENEwas changed from agreement to joining

Word formation fell into two types: word composition and word derivation. (in alphabetical order)

 

Match the linguistic school and its main ideas about causes of linguistic changes.

Psychologists thought that

Naturalists thought that

Sociologists thought that

Young-Grammarian school representatives thought that

 

Match the items.

The strong verbs of each class had 4 principle forms (or 4 stems):

I stem present indicative, subjunctive, participle 1

II stem 1st and 3rd person singular, preterite

III stem – plural and 2nd person singular, preterite, preterite subjunctive

IV stem – participle II

 

OE personal pronoun 'hie' (3rd p., sg.) was replaced by Scandinavian they . Personal pronoun 'ic' changed into I and 'þu' - into you in NE.

 

The length of the OE vowels was shown by ...

A macron

 

How many principal dialects of the Germanic tribes existed in Britain in the 5th century?

 

The OE adjectives had 2 principal types of declension: strong declension, which had the meaning of indefiniteness, and weak declension, which expressed the meaning of definiteness.

 

Identify the type of declension of the following items:

ilca (NE “same”) weak

ordinal numerals weak

cardinal numerals - strong

ōþer (NE “other”) - strong

comparative adjectives - weak

superlative adjectives weak or strong

maniʒ (NE “many”) -strong

eall (NE “all”) - strong

 

The principal means of derivation in OE were (in the order of frequency of their use)

1. suffixation

Prefixation

Sound interchanges

Word stress

The OE strong verbs built their forms with the help of ablaut, and the OE weak verbs built their forms with the help of dental suffixes –t- and –d-

The late ME period in literature is known as "the age of Chaucer

Name the process illustrated below

e.g. caru > OE ceares –NE care

Back umlaut

 

Which underlined part of the statement should be changed in order for the sentence to be correct?

EME included the following dialectal groups: (A) Southern group, (B) Midland group, (C) Northern group, (D) Western group.

The OE nouns were divided into types of declension according to the stem-building suffix

In OE verbs the stress fell to ...

The root


Date: 2015-12-17; view: 1068


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