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Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text

urban urbanization migration

rural unrest segregation

sprawl merge ghetto


1. If two cities __________________, they combine to form a bigger city.

2. __________________ is the process by which towns and cities grow bigger and more and more people go to live in them.

3. __________________ is the process of moving to another place or country.

4. __________________ means relating to the countryside, or in the countryside.

5. __________________ means relating to towns or cities, or happening there.

6. __________________ is a part of a city that starts to spread into the countryside in a way that is ugly and not carefully planned.

7. __________________ is angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting against something.

8. __________________ means the conditions and processes that relate to people’s health, especially the systems that supply water and deal with human waste.

9. __________________ is the policy of keeping people from different groups, especially different races, separate from each other.

10. A __________________ is an area of a city where people of a particular type live, usually in poor conditions.


5. Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? Correct any false statements

1. More than half the world’s population now lives in cities.

2. By 2050, 86 % of people in rich countries will live in cities.

3. The process of urbanization can be stopped.

4. The world’s largest 40 mega-regions cover most of the habitable surface of the planet.

5. Fifty per cent of the wealth of China and India is produced by their five biggest cities.

6. Cities in the US are more equal than cities in poor countries like Bangladesh and Congo-Brazzaville.


Find the following words and phrases in the text

1. a two-word noun meaning the critical point in an evolving situation that leads to a new and irreversible situation;

2. an adjective meaning possible to live in ;

3. a noun meaning new ideas and methods;

4. an adjective meaning never having happened or existed before;

5. a noun meaning a poor area of a city where houses are in a very poor condition;

6. an adverb meaning more and more over a period of time;

7. an adverb meaning to the same degree everywhere;

8. a noun meaning the process of preventing people from having power or influence.


Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text

1. mega- a. income

2. urban b. area

3. surface c. region

4. energy d. sprawl

5. social e. consumption

6. average f. tension


Find the following information as quickly as possible

1. Where is the largest mega-city in the world?

2. How many people live there?

3. What percentage of the world’s population will live in cities by the year 2050?

4. How many cities account for half the world’s wealth?

5. Which city is the least equal city in the world?

6. What percentage of American households earn more than 72 times the average income of the poorest 20 % of the population?


Complete the opposites of these words using prefixes. Check your answers in the text





What are the adjectival forms of these nouns?

tradition _______________

economy _______________

significance _______________


Would you like to live in a mega-city or mega-region? Why? Why not?




Date: 2015-12-17; view: 1864

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