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II. Character and Personality

Other notable people who majored or made a career in sociology include: The Reverend Martin Luther King Jr.; W. E. B. Du Bois; Georg Simmel, Alex de Tocqueville, Jorgen Habermas; Amati Etzioni; Ronald Reagan; Robin Williams and Dan Aykroyd; Anthony Giddens; and First Lady, Michelle Obama. Most people who take sociology take only 1 course (that's estimated to be 600,000 US students per year). But more and more are choosing it as a major. The next 3 figures, Figures 3, 4, and 5 show the numbers of sociology graduates from 1990 to 2004 at the Bachelor's, Master's and Doctoral level.

In Figure 3 you can see that over 20,000 students graduate each year with a sociology Bachelor's degree. Many of them find work in government, social service, business, and other service-related sectors of the economy. Figure 4 shows that about 2,000 graduates earn their Master's degree in sociology each year. And in Figure 4 you can see that about 550 students graduate each year with their Doctorate in sociology. Of course the career with a doctorate pays the best, has the best career advancement opportunities, and is the most comprehensive training for research and theory that a student could acquire.

Figure 3. Numbers Graduating in Sociology-Bachelor's Degrees 1990 to 2004*

*U.S. Department of Education, National Center of Education Statistics , Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System,1990-2004 ( Washington, DC: NCES, 2006). www.caspar.nsf.gov. Retrieved 12 October 2008.

Figure 4. Numbers Graduating in Sociology-Master's Degrees 1990 to 2004*

 

*U.S. Department of Education, National Center of Education Statistics , Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System,1990-2004 ( Washington, DC: NCES, 2006). www.caspar.nsf.gov. Retrieved 12 October 2008.

Figure 5. Numbers Graduating in Sociology-Doctoral Degrees 1990 to 2004*

*U.S. Department of Education, National Center of Education Statistics , Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System,1990-2004 ( Washington, DC: NCES, 2006). www.caspar.nsf.gov. Retrieved 12 October 2008.

Sociology is a good 4-year program and also offers good career opportunities. Money Magazine often rates good jobs in the US. Sociologists had an average pay of $68,724 with an estimated high range of about $138,000 per year (retrieved 24 April, 2009 from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bestjobs/2006/snapshots/196.html

Best Jobs in America). This report also ranked college professors as the 2nd best job in America. Over half full-time doctoral-level sociologists are faculty at colleges and universities (www.asanet.org ).

If I'm right, you probably won't major in sociology and you likely just needed the 3 credits of social science elective. I admire you for being in higher education. I urge you to graduate with your four-year degree. This course and textbook will enhance your thinking, science, and writing skills and make you an overall better student. Enjoy it. Ask questions of your professor. Participate in the classroom discussion. If you do choose sociology as a major, then look me up at your next sociological conference meetings.



 

II. Character and Personality

 

Vocabulary

 

A Intellectual ability

 

Ability: intelligent bright clever sharp shrewd able gifted talented brainy (colloquial)

Lacking ability: stupid foolish half-witted simple silly brainless daft dumb dim (the last four are colloquial)

Clever, in a negative way, using brains to trick or deceive: cunning crafty sly

 

B Attitudes towards life

 

Amal is pessimistic while Nita is optimistic – he always expects the worst to happen while she looks on the bright side.

It is strange that one of the twins is so extroverted while the other is so introverted – Ben loves being the focus of attention while Bill would far rather be alone with his thoughts.

I feel very tense (or wound-up / stressed-out) after a very busy day at work but, after a hot bath and a nice cup of tea, I’ll soon feel relaxed.

Jane is very sensible – she’d never do anything stupid. In other words, she’s very practical and down-to-earth.

Rupert is very sensitive – he gets very upset (or worked-up, more colloquial), if he feels people are criticizing him.

 

C Attitude towards other people

 

Enjoying others’ company: sociable gregarious (in written English)

Disagreeing with others: quarrelsome argumentative

Taking pleasure in others’ pain: cruel sadistic

Relaxed in attitude to self and others: easy-going even-tempered laid-back

Not polite to others: impolite rude ill-mannered discourteous

Telling the truth to others: honest trustworthy reliable sincere

Unhappy if others have what one does not have oneself: jealous envious

Sympathetic: a person who understands other people’s problems

 

D One person’s meat is another person’s poison

 

Some characteristics can be either positive or negative depending on your point of view. The words in the right-hand column mean roughly the same as the words in the left-hand column except that they have negative rather than positive connotations.

 

Determined - obstinate stubborn pig-headed

Thrifty/economical - stingy mean tight-fisted miserly

Self-assured/confident - self-important arrogant full of oneself

Unconventional/original - eccentric odd peculiar weird

Frank/direct/open - blunt abrupt brusque curt

Broad-minded - unprincipled permissive

Inquiring - inquisitive nosy

Generous - extravagant

Innocent - naïve

Ambitious - pushy

Assertive - aggressive bossy

 


Date: 2014-12-29; view: 985


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