To waste money on, put money into the bank, save up on, pay for, cost, to pay in cash / by credit card / by cheque, invest money into business / keep it under mattress, foreign investor, budget, oil deposits, a cash dispenser, carry much cash, open a bank account, store / debit / credit card, enter a lottery, buy / go mad over a winning lottery ticket, win on the national lottery, win a fortune, give part of winnings, lose interest in life, have an effect on, publicity, fight over the money, win the jackpot (a large amount of money that you can win in a game that is decided by chance), lend to / borrow from, owe, pay back, have a very good reason for borrowing, profits from the lottery, improve life, make money, provide, go abroad / lose the best and most intelligent people (brain drain), make the necessary improvements, there is a risk that, charity
Questions for discussion
Are all people good with money? What do you need to be good with it?
Why do some people in Russia avoid putting money into banks?
What is dangerous about carrying too much cash or taking money from cash dispensers if anything?
What are the advantages or disadvantages of electronic money?
Is saving up a problem for you? Why? Why is it always good to spend less than you earn?
Why do they say ‘Never a borrower or a lender be’?
Why do governments organize state lotteries? How do they spend the money made in this way (profit)?
How do people usually spend the lottery money when they win? What kind of problems may they have? Have you ever entered a lottery? Why?
If you won one million dollars in a lottery how would you spend the money?
Is Russia a rich country? What is called ‘oil dollars’? What are good ways to spend this money?
Why is there a problem of ‘brain drain’ ? Does it always make sense to go abroad to earn money instead of trying to improve life in your country?
Provide lockable safe deposit boxes, rich clients, trace money, repay money, bank robbery, security deposit, insurance on the business to (1 mln $), deposit money, estimate
Time expressions: first, then, after that, afterwards, in the end (finally), during, for, until, when, while
Linking words: despite this, although, therefore, that is why, for this reason, besides, in addition, moreover, furthermore, as well as, as a result, however, nevertheless, in contrast, on the one hand / on the other hand, to begin with, to finish with
Personal remarks: personally, I think / don’t think it was a good idea because, it seems to me that
What is the story about?
Who is / are the main character(s)?
What happened (to him)? When? Where? What was the problem? How was it solved?
Do you like the ending of the story? Would you offer an ending of your own?
If you were N. (in N.’s place) what would you have done? Why?
Do you find the story interesting / amusing / dull / thrilling / exciting?
Would you like to read other stories by this author? Who is your favourite author?
Module 11 (Card 12)
Rules and Freedom
Follow / break rules, follow strict guidelines, let, punish, punishment, tell off, rights and freedom of the individual, obey, well- / ill- / badly-behaved, be strict about manners, strict / fairly relaxed school, permission, give a warning, fair, sensible, to smack, treat with respect, social and political values, controversial issue, to abolish, to ban (all forms of gambling), to cause accidents, to worsen the problem, compulsory, vary from country to country, introduce a law, citizen, commit a crime, carry small amounts of soft drugs, to own and carry a gun, to control the abuse of hard drugs, legalize cannabis, to be sentenced to (20 years) in prison, life sentence, to be convicted of (minor) crime (offence), reduce crime, to offend, offence, constitutional amendment to, to amend, prosecute, allow, be allowed, military service, pay taxes, a duty to serve your country, (un)fair / funny / strange laws; rules about homework, household chores, clothes, staying out, uniform; the way to bring up children; I think everyone should have the right to, people should be free to, I think it’s wrong to, this shouldn’t be allowed because, I don’t really have any strong opinions about
Questions for discussion
What rules and regulations do people have to follow in city centres / on the roads / on board planes?
What is every citizen of every state obliged to do? What laws would you abolish?
What were the rules in your family when you were a child? Were you well- or ill-behaved?
Are your parents strict about your manners? Do you think they are right? Why?
What kind of rules did you have to follow at school? Did you consider them fair and sensible?
What rules are difficult to obey? Why?
Have you ever broken a rule? What happened?
What’s the difference between a rule and a law?
If you were a member of the State Duma what new law would you introduce?
Why should citizens of any state know that they will be punished / prosecuted if they break laws?
Module 12 (Card 13)
Problems and how to solve them
To make the most terrible / the biggest decision of one’s life, to change one’s life forever, to suffer from the pressure of smth, to sort out a problem, to make up / change one’s mind, to think of a solution to a problem, to have a carefree life, to share one’s experience, miss opportunities, once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, a fairly good chance of doing smth, take advantage of smth, give up one’s career, on one’s own
Have you ever faced any serious problems in your life? What were they?
How did you manage to cope with them? What was your biggest decision?
What happens when you ignore problems instead of sorting them out?
Do you ask anyone for advice in tough situations? Why? Do you trust only yourself?
What problems need to be solved globally? What are they caused by?
What environmental problems are most urgent? What can be done to solve them?
Would you give up a successful career in Russia to start a new career abroad? Why?
The Hat and the Superglue
I. Choose the correct variant:
1. Superglue is ____ stuff , so _____it will take your skin off if you pull too hard.
a) powerful, b) strong,
c) vigorous, d) drastic.
2. Mr Wormwood didn’t _______ anything when he put the hat on, but when he arrived at the garage he couldn’t get it off.
a) notice, b) feel,
c) see, d) perceive.
3. In an effort to save_____, he adopted a casual attitude hoping that his stuff would think that he actually meant to keep his hat on all day long just for the heck of it, like gangsters do in the films.
a) reputation, b) face,
c) status, d) condition.
4. When the father got home, the mother gave the hat a sharp______.
a) jerk, b) spurt,
c) snatch, d) yank.
5. The father glared at his daughter with deep ______, but said nothing.
a) love, b) suspicion,
c) distrust, d) doubt.
6. Mr Wormwood discovered that the worst thing about having a permanent hat on his head was having to_______ in it.
a) walk, b) work,
c) sleep, d) read.
7. “I expect it will be loose by the morning and it’ll _______ easily”.
a) varnish, b) take off,
c) slip off, d) tear off.
8. The wife asked Mr Wormwood to ________ after he had been tossing and turning for about an hour.
a) calm down, b) stop rowing,
c) stop fussing around, d) pull together.
9. Matilda compared the bits on the father’s forehead with
a) insects, b) dirt,
c) fur, d) skin.
10. Matilda said, “Grown-ups do it too, Mummy. I saw you doing it yesterday in the kitchen”. What did the mother do?
a) cooked, b) read,
c) put her finger up in the nose, d) drew.
II. Mark the statements as True or False. Correct the false statements:
1. The following morning, just before the father left for his beautiful new car garage, Matilda slipped into the cloakroom and got hold of the hat he wore each day to work.
2. Matilda, holding the hat in one hand and a thin tube of paint in the other, proceeded to squeeze a line of paint very neatly all round inside the rim of the hat.
3. Mr Wormwood noticed it at once.
4. Mr Wormwood didn’t want to be scalped so he had to keep the hat on his head whole day long.
5. When he got home that evening he still couldn’t get the hat off.
6. Matilda, nestling in her chair, was reading a book.
7. The father asked Matilda for help.
8. Mr Wormwood was very polite with his wife when she advised him to read the label before using glue.
9. Mr Wormwood looked ridiculous.
10. At last Matilda was punished.
III. Find in the text the words and word-combinations which mean the following (Pay attention to the postpositions used). Reproduce the sentences where they were used:
1. To go somewhere or do something quickly, often so that you are not noticed;
2. Confidently careless and informal;
3. To avoid or help someone avoid seeming stupid or being embarrassed ;
4. To accept a point of view;
5. To pull something forcefully with a quick movement;
6. To become larger and rounder than usual; to (cause to) increase in size or amount;
7. To look directly and continuously at someone or something in an angry way;
8. Bad or very unpleasant;
9. Stupid or unreasonable and deserving to be laughed at;
10. To move slowly or with difficulty, especially (of a person) with the body stretched out along the ground or on hands and knees.
IV. Complete the sentences with the words or phrases used in the text. Change the form of the phrases if necessary:
skulk around proud glare at smb. with deep suspicion
cut off reach up budge
get hold of stick to save the face
look at smb. with innocent eyes
1. Mary couldn’t ____ the toy, so she asked her elder brother.
2. You'll never _____ a good job if you don’t work hard.
3. Jane was ______ of her son.
4. He decided to tell the truth in order to _________.
5. When Ann entered the room, Walter ______ .
6. She _________ and he realized she wasn’t guilty.
7. The stone so huge, that three men could hardly _____ it.
8. He was so excited that he couldn’t keep from _________ the room.
9. The sleeve was so long that the tailor decided to _____it____.
10. Dan shook himself because snow ______ his clothes.
V. Match the halves to make phrases used in the text. Translate them. Restore the sentences where they were used:
1. To glare at smb.
2. To save
3. To teach smb
4. To keep one’s
5. To give smb.
6. To wear smth.
7. To fiddle
8. To adopt
9. To give
10. To look
a) mouth shut
b) at an angel
c) the mileage
d) a sharp yank
e) a casual attitude of
f) with suspicion
g) the face
h) an awful fool
i) a rakish daring look
j) a permanent lesson
VI. Make up sentences of your own with the phrases from ex.V.
VII. Transcribe, translate the words and reproduce the situations where they were used: Rim, rattle, performance, nasty, flaming, splutter, pork-pie, patch, lice, bald.
VIII. Convert into reported speech:
1. “What’s the matter, Daddy?” she asked. “Has your head suddenly swollen or something?”
2. “I haven’t touched the flaming stuff!” Mr Wormwood shouted.
3. Mrs Wormwood said to him, “You should read the label on the tube before you start messing with dangerous products. Always follow the instructions on the label”.
4. “What in heaven’s name are you talking about, you stupid witch?” Mr Wormwood shouted, clutching the brim of his hat to stop anyone trying to pull it off again. “D’you think I’m so stupid I’d glue this thing to my head on purpose?”
5. “Serve him right”, Mrs Wormwood said. “He shouldn’t have put his finger up there in the first place. It’s a nasty habit.”