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Чтение

Evolutionary biology

1. Evolutionary biology is a sub-field of biology concerned with the origin of species from a common descent and descent of species, as well as their change, multiplication and diversity over time. Someone who studies evolutionary biology is known as an evolutionary biologist. To philosopher Kim Sterelny, «the development of evolutionary biology since 1858 is one of the great intellectual achievements of science».

2. Evolutionary biology is an interdisciplinary field, in that it includes scientists from a wide range of both field and lab oriented disciplines. For example, it generally includes scientists who may have a specialist training in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, or herpetology, but use those organisms as case studies to answer general questions in evolution. It also generally includes paleontologists and geologists who use fossils to answer questions about the tempo and mode of evolution, as well as theoreticians in areas such as population genetics and evolutionary psychology.

3. Findings from evolutionary biology feed strongly into new disciplines that study mankind's sociocultural evolution and evolutionary behavior. Evolutionary biology's frameworks of ideas and conceptual tools are now finding application in the study of a range of subjects from computing to nanotechnology. It also contributes to the field of evolutionary medicine.

1. Завершите утверждение согласно содержанию текста.

Evolutionary biology promotes the development of …

new species as well as their change of their diversity and multiplication

mammals and birds, as well as vermigrades and amphibia

new disciplines studying mankind’s sociocultural evolution and evolutionary behavior

people’s sociocultural evolution and evolutionary behavior

 

2. Ответьте на вопрос:

Why is evolutionary biology studied by scientists from a wide range of sciences?

This field of biology promotes scientists better understanding of evolution of their subject of scientific research.

Evolution biology is impossible to study without the knowledge of a wide range of disciplines.

Evolutionary biology is an interdisciplinary field as it includes the knowledge of a wide range of disciplines.

The development of evolutionary biology is one of the great intellectual achievements of science.

 

3.Определите, какое утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.

Evolutionary biology can trace the evolution of only inanimate organisms.

Evolutionary biology helps understand the evolution of human society better.

Studying fossils doesn’t provide evolutionary biologists with knowledge about the way and duration of evolution on the Earth.

Evolutionary biology is quite a modern field of biology as its tools are computer and nanotechnologies.

 

4. Определите основную идею текста.


Date: 2015-12-17; view: 1656


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