Belarus and World Community. Living in a Democratic Society. Political Profile of a Country. Leading International Organizations.
The notion of the democratic society.
Democracy is government by the people in which the supreme power is vested the people. Democracy is indeed a set of ideas and principles about freedom that have been molded through a long history. In short, democracy is institutiolization of freedom. Democracies fail to into 2 basic categories: direct and representative. In a direct democracy all citizens can participate in making public decisions. In a representative democracy all citizens elect officials to make official decisions, formulate laws and administer programs for the public good. Democracy is more than a set of constitutions rules and procedure, that determine how a government functions. In a democracy, government is only one element coexisting in a social fabric of many and varied institutions, political parties, organizations and associations. This diversity is called pluralism, and it assumes, that the many organized groups and institutions in a democratic society do not depend upon government.
POLITICAL SYSTEM AND STATE STRUCTURE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS
Article 1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus says that the Republic of Belarus is a unitary, democratic, social state based on the rule of law.
According to the Constitution the state power in the republic is exercised on the principle of divisions of power between the legislature, executive and judiciary.
The parliament, the National Assembly, is a representative and legislative body of the Republic of Belarus.
The executive power in the Republic of Belarus is exercised by the government – the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus.
The courts exercise judicial power in the Republic of Belarus. The judicial system is based on the principle of the territorial delineation. In administering justice judges are independent and subordinate to law alone.
The United Nations Organization is central to global efforts to solve problems which challenge humanity. Cooperating in this effort are more than 30 affiliated organizations, known together as the UN system.
The United Nations was established on 24 October 1945 by 51 countries committed to preserving peace through international cooperation and collective security. Today, nearly every nation in the world belongs to the UN: membership now totals 192 countries.
The International Court of Justice, also known as the World Court, is the main judicial organ of the UN. Consisting of 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council, the Court decides disputes between countries.
The European Union – previously known as the European Economic Community (EEC) – is an institutional framework for the construction of a united Europe. Twenty seven countries are members of the European Union. The European Union’s mission is to organize relations between the Member States and between their peoples in a coherent manner and on the basis of solidarity.
Profession of a Journalist.
Date: 2015-12-17; view: 705