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The Kazakh national art

Kazakh faced in the era of the first versions of Paleolithic art. They Tau and Khantau in the form of a type of rock in the mountains of animals. Neolithic and Bronze Age stone relief the Bayanaulsky cave (Pavlodar region), symbols Valley (region), videos (deer, a lion, a bow hunter, cart, running bulls, cows, etc.) and the northern shore of the lake ointment stones Pictures (next to the woman two man in the martial arts, fencing, etc.) Kazakh tribes that have lived in the main report to the traditions of the profession. Many of the attacks of wild beasts chasing the story, the pictures in the open ungulates, religious beliefs. Pictures partially coated with henna color scheme (Tau şïmaylı stones). Andron geometric pattern, which is the heritage of the culture of ceramics, products made by molding, bronze image of the coat or equipment in Central, North and West during excavations on the territory of Kazakhstan was opened.

"Tanbaly rock" (Almaty region) BC 2-century stone relief of Buddha images (Chung-Rai hands-Sik Moon, Beware of the Buddha, the Buddha Manla) chasing considered to be one of the best examples of the images. There are also pictures of the rocks in the 16th and 17th centuries. Face of religious images in the Altai and Tarbagatai practicing. Bronze at the the Begazy-Dandybay culture, which is the final stage of the culture (8, 9 centuries BC), the ancient art forms from a lack of new models. BC 7 centuries of nomadic strengthening the social and economic development of the Union of BC 4 centuries old guard, Hun, Uysun art flourished. Art processing and wood arts and crafts, jewelry, art, embroidery and carpet weaving industry has developed. Irtysh, Shidertinskoe, poetry, of Selety door, Turgenev, along the Ili River and Central and Cheese, Bayanaulsky, at the foot of the mountains of the Saur barrows found in the grounds of the ancient and modern jewelry, furniture reflects the stage of development of the art of the nomadic tribes.

 

Than the beasts of the Scythians, fine accents, black mountain plateau Kazakh evidence of previously developed land. Door gold jewelry found near the city of Almaty region in 1970 ("The Golden Man", deer, wild sheep, tiger, horse, leopard images) - BC 6 - 5 samples of the centuries, the art of living in the land of Kazakh tribes. The decoration of the ancient art of jewelry products, precious stones, for the first time, followed by Hun üysinderde Oguz, Kipchak used. Era, this method was not more careful. Of Usuns jewelry art of the Art of Engraving oymış and inlay techniques were used. 6 - 8 centuries old guard, Hun, Uysun developed on the basis of indigenous art form of art. Some of the established names in the field of fine arts. Specialize in crafts masters (jeweler, stone sculpture, architecture, etc.). Pictures story was enriched. Jumırlap stone sculptures, images of birds and fish, carved bas-relief stone, wood, bone, wood, precious stones jumırlaw grew. The oldest form of art has become more common in the Kazakh sculpture from the period. Turgay river and sculptures from the the Ulitau around, stretches from the eastern part of Sary Altai, Tarbagatai up to the mountains, at the foot of the South on both sides of the Karatau, Bwrıltaw, Talas Alatau mountains, flat face alañqaylarında. Turkish peoples sculptures (6 - 8 centuries), the era of Kipchak (7 - 13 centuries) stone sculpture is divided into two groups.



Most of the people that only the thumbnail image of the rough has been drafted, in part, the manner described in a clear complexion and figure sculptures (Karkaralinsk stone sculptures). 16 - 18th centuries destroyed stone chisel, instead of ornaments and decorated with Arabic slogans kulpytasy started to do a lot. Beware of indigenous Hun, Uysun art carpets decorated with pictures created content, 5 - 7 centuries, the most common of the Kazakh formed kileminiñ samples (Kazakh carpet). Out, Otyrar, Syganak, Taraz, Sajramsky, antelope, Merck, Balasaguni, etc. 8 to 12 centuries of art in many sectors of the cities (to provide for the potter's Engraving) grew. This time of the yurt in the form of ceramic vessels; Engraving, cutting, done by applying a variety of colors (black, brown, yellow, red) patterns of glazed wall and water supply; diamond ring decorated with national ornaments that are in the form of leather and metal products - evidence of the flourishing art. Architectural domes of the external walls of buildings discouragement and in line with the structure of the building was attractive elegant ornaments (Kazakh fashion). Domed architectural structures, as well as in Europe and Asia in ancient times to the present Kazakh yurt is a treasure accumulated by the best examples of folk art (Kazakh architecture). Felt inside and outside of the house, garden-like basqurı furniture attractive and elegant decorated with ornaments. Decorative and other consumer items basqur, carpets, carpet lint-free, kebeje, etc. Crafts products in the design of the inside of the yurt. Focus on gold and silk thread embroidery knitting, art wood processing, wood and bone jımdastırw design, leather processing, jewelery, art and developed a strong (Kazakh art). 19th century Russian artists (VV Vereshchagin, etc.) depicting the everyday life of Kazakh people in the paintings come to life. 1847 - 57 years to the Kazakh deported TG Shevchenko manifestations of the life of the field created a series of paintings, which reflect an honest evaluation of the life of the local people. Educator, scientist and the first Kazakh artist Ch Walikhanov into the wet paint and pencil portraits and paintings ("The Kazakhs of the Great Horde", etc.) was built in the middle of the 19th century; Kazakh art.

Music Culture

During the formation of the Kazakh nation has its own musical tradition was born; and as a result has a rich musical culture. Lullaby, weddings and jerlewdegi was music traditions and rituals. Population aitys, has become a contest of who desire to gather more. People of musical creativity in the pentatonïkalıq based on the seven-tone dïatonïkalıq major and minor key rhythms. Epic poetry recited music emotions. Depending on the characteristics of the formation of the Kazakh people's historical music. the different nature of the works of music and singing, musical and performance traditions of the differences were. Performing traditional:, dombyra or süyemelimen kobyz singing, musical instruments, status, etc. "Husband and wife", "sıñsw" performed by the chorus of the songs dealt with, such as weddings. The theme of the compositions and musical ayşığına: cosmological (the stars, the moon, the sun and other planets), Demonology (Baba Yaga, demons and devils, fairies, etc.), the healing of shamans songs, epic songs, songs of examples ertekter life songs, lyrical songs, historical songs, etc. is classified. Quotations war scenes heroes of instrumental music competition, a horse, an eagle flight, embodied in the language of the wolf ulwı music. Folk music was different depending on the contents. Especially babies, reflecting the performance of his music CD, a short, dynamic, small-size, range and convenience in the form of simple, lyrical songs, social and historical themes and states of the musical range of the breadth and diversity of style, rhythm required in the construction of complex instrumental skills . Kazakh national unquenchable caused by the classical works of art in the historical development of music was a talented composer and musician-composers. The legendary Cork (8 - 9 centuries), who invented the first musical writing samples Abu Nasr al-Farabi (870 - 950), who lived in the 15th century Kaztugan Asan trouble developed musical culture of the Kazakhs and representatives Daria; Kazakh music.

The art of dance

Kazakh people dance culture has been known since ancient times. The art of dance into the life of other people, such as the type of strong, reflecting their traditions and specific actions became art. That remains the same labor movement folk dance "Ormek dance", reflecting the lives of hunters "Rabbit Dance", humor and mockery of the "Bear Dance", "Nasıbayşı", "Ortega", "Karazhorga", "Tepeñkök" Dance is an ancient witness the dance culture. Kazakh dance art of the hard realities of life of the people will be fully open. Musical folklore on stage, singing, dancing and singing while dancing, etc. saved. Depending on the results of a year of work among the population has a wide range of holiday celebrations. Artists participating in the wedding fell through the art of dance competitions, the audience with their dancing skills. Kazakhs Uzbek, Tajik and other Muslim religion is rare in the East with a girl and a man dancing dancing ("Rabbit-Eagle"). Dance continued from generation to generation, each tribe was a master of his art. They are in front of the palace and public art has been recognized as a clown qwaqı. Kazakh folk dance was not a canonical form. Dance as the art of improvisation. Dance competitions, emotional, bright property xoreogr. accompanied by images. In this specification, the "Sport" and "Sılqıma" judges. Original dance on a horse. Saddled horse and a real determination to tame his rhythm on clay in the hands of the only professional dancer; Kazakh dance.

National theatrical art, ancient customs and way of life (with opening with Badr, mourning, funeral, girl, souvenir, şildexana), entertainment (swings, whom I want to play the girl, qınamende Ortega, water-water) and folk art qwaqılarınıñ, and oratory aitys, are as follows. The birth of the Kazakh theater art Ural, Orenburg, Omsk has contributed to the opening of the Russian professional theaters; Kazakh drama theater.

Cinema

After the October Revolution of Kazakh cinema. At the beginning of the 20th century worked a total of 13 private cinema. They are mainly in the largest cities (Stockholm, Copenhagen, Oskemen, Akmola (Astana), Brussels, Berlin, etc.). Verny (Almaty) has shown since the first film in 1910. One of the first active nasïxatşılarınıñ film Ä.Jangeldïn. He is traveling in Europe and Asia in 1913, Spain, India, China, etc. the life of ethnographic countries, the domestic content of more than 40 films and has led to a real film projector. In 1925, the Congress of Soviets of Kazakhstan in Kyzylorda 5 kïnoşejireşileriniñ Moscow is the first step in the cinema film. In the same year, the central "Kwltkïno" studio "KASSR of the 1st anniversary of" the first documentary film (in the city. Cinema). The main types of film: feature films, popular science films, documentaries and animated films, literary creativity, which is the basis for the film, literary, artistic kïnodramatwrgïya, one of the film genre of fine art kïnomwzıka and the art of cinema as a whole and its features, the science that studies the types and genres of cinema in the field of science has evolved. Kazakh cinema after gaining independence from the former to continue the tradition of world cinema was awarded prizes in the art competition; . Kazakh film festival, "studio".

Kazakh circus art is inextricably linked with the nomadic life ıñğayımen born. Mixing in the art, the idea of ​​making a variety of body movements to indicate that you think did it create elaralaw make people laugh, joke qwaqı ajwa should entertain the public, Witchcraft, etc. rites in the first symbols of the Circus; Kazakh circus.


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 832


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