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Likes and preferences

Likes and preferences Dislikes and lack of preference
I like… (very much) I particularly like… I /quite, rather/ like… I enjoy… (very much). I'm /rather/ fond of I'm /very/ keen on I prefer… I prefer… to… I like… better I don't (much) like… I don't like… /very much, at all/ I'm not /very, too/ fond of I'm not /particularly/ keen on. I haven't got any particular preference. I leave it to you (to decide) It's up to you (to decide) It's all the same to me.

 

Do you like…? Are you interested in…? Yes, I do, (rather) Yes, (Yes,) very much (indeed) Yes, I'm very keen on it Not(very) much, (I'm afraid), Not particularly, I can't say I am. I can't say I do. No, I'm not very keen on it actually...  

e.g. A: I know you're staying here for the weekend. Do you have any plans for Saturday?
B: Well, I'm planning to do some sightseeing, of course.
A: Would you like to go out together on Saturday night?
B: Thank you. Good idea.
A: OK. Do you like opera?

Variation I Variation II
B: Yes, I really like opera. A: Oh, good. Well, "Tosca" is on at the Opera House here. Would you like to go to that? I can get tickets. B: That would be very nice. B: No, I am not very keen on opera, I am afraid. A: Would you like to go out for dinner then? B: That would be very nice.

 

Practice 3.2.1.

Ex.3.2.1. Below are eight invitations. Say if the style of the invitations is neutral or informal.

1. My wife and I would like to invite you for a meal this week. Are you free?
2. John, can you come round for lunch on Saturday? We are having a few friends in.
3. We're going to the theatre on Saturday and we were wondering if you'd like to join us.
4. If you are free after the meeting why not come round for a drink?
5. Would you like to look round the University on Thursday morning?
I'm sure we could arrange it.
6. If you're going to be in Munich next month why don't you call in and see us? We'd be very pleased to see you.

7. If you haven't any plans this evening perhaps you'd like me to show you some of the city.
8. This is Emma Thompson's secretary. She would like to invite you to dinner next Friday. Would that be possible for you?

Ex.3.2.2. Reorganize the sentences below into two dialogues.

Dialogue A
1. That's very kind of you. I'd like that very much.
2. If you've nothing arranged this evening, Mr. Vane. I was wondering if you'd like to come out for a meal with us.
3. Fine. I'll look forward to it.
4. Good. I'll pick you up at the hotel, about eight then.

Dialogue B
1. Fine. About what time?
2. Good. Shall I pick you up at the hotel?
3. I don't know your plans are, Paul, but would you like to go out for a meal on Thursday evening?
4. Thanks very much. I'd love it.
5. Shall we say half past seven?

Ex.3.2.3. Choose the most appropriate phrases to reply to the invitations.

1. If you are free tomorrow evening, would you like to go to the theatre?
I've got a spare ticket.
Thank you _________...
That would _________...
I'll ________________.



2. Mario, what about a game of tennis this evening?
Yes, Tom, _______
That's__________

3. Mr. Jones, I was wondering if you would be free to have dinner this evening.
Yes, that's ______________.
I'd like ________________.

4. Would you like to come over for a drink at the weekend? Both you and your wife.
Yes, we'd like ________.
That's ______________.

Ex.3.2.6.Make up five minidialogues using phrases from these two columns:

Inviting. Declining
1 If you are free this evening would you like to go out for a meal? 1 That's very nice of him but I don't think I'll be able to. I've got to be in Frankfurt on Friday, so I'll have to get the train down on Thursday after noon.
2 If you're not doing anything special why don't you come and spend the weekend with us? 2 Thank you very much, Tom, but I'm afraid I've already made arrangement for tonight.
3 We're having some people over for a barbecue on Saturday, can you come? 3 Thanks, Bob, but I really should get back to the lab. I've got so much to do.
4 What about a quick drink on the way back? 4 What a pity. We've got some friends staying all weekend.
5 Mr. Johnstone asked me to phone you to see if you'd like to have lunch with him after the meeting on Thursday. 5 I'm afraid I don't think we can. One of the children is ill. Anyway, thanks for asking.

Recommendations

Recommending places to visit

Asking for advice

I'd like to… what would/do you suggest/ recommend?

Giving advice

I suggest… I recommend … If you like… you should…If you 're interested in… you could … Well, I think you must…

It would also be useful to give some information about the place. · It's in the centre of the city. It's not far from your hotel.
· What makes it special…I think it's the best …in…. It is considered to be one of the best.

e.g.

A: Have you had time to look round the city?
B: Yes, a little.
A: What have you seen?
B: I went to the modern art gallery on Saturday. It has an interesting collection.
A: So you like art?
B: Yes, I do.
A: I like it too. Have you also been to museum Ludwig?
B: No, where is that?
A: It's in Cologne. I think it's the best modern art gallery in Germany. You should go there some time. It's not far by train.

Recommending food

Question

What /would ,do/ you recommend?

Answer
Why don't you try…?
Well, you could try …

Question Description Reaction
What (exactly) is that? Can you tell me what… is? It's very popular here. It's local specialty. That's something rather special. It's a sort/kind of… It's made of… It's baked in the oven. It's served with a special sauce. I (don't) think you'll like it. I'm afraid I don't know what that is. I'll ask the waiter. It's quite mild/spicy/rich, etc… That sounds good. I'll try that. That sounds very nice. I think I'll have that. That sounds very unusual. I'm not very keen on…, I'm afraid. I don't really like the sound of that. Well, I'd like to have… to start with, followed by…

Compare the dish with food that your guest knows:

Question

What about…? I'm not sure I know what… means.

Answer

Well, that's difficult to explain. It's a bit like... They're a bit like… … is/are similar to…

e.g.

1. A: Now, here's the menu. Would you like me to recommend something?
B: I think that would be a good idea. I'm afraid my Italian isn't good.
A: Well now, let me see, insalata caprese is mixed salad consisting of cheese and tomatoes, vongole is seafood and pollo is chicken.
B: Ah well, yes, I'll try pollo venezia and some salad.
A: Right, I think I'll have the same.

2. A: So, what would you like as a starter?
B: Let me see. What do you recommend?
A: Well, you could try shrimps. They are very good here.
B: I'm not very keen of seafood.
A: Well, why don't you try the chicken soup then? It's home- made and a speciality of this restaurant.
B: That sounds good. I'll try that.
A: OK. And for your main course? What would you like?
B: I think I'll have the steak.

3. A: What's the typical Swedish on this menu?
B: Well, what about Jansson's Frestelse? That's Jansson's temptation in English.
A: Temptation! That sounds interesting. What is it?
B: Well, we eat it is as a main course. It's made with potatoes, onions, anchovies and cream. It's baked in the oven. It's a simple dish, but it tastes very good.

4. A: What is a shrimp cocktail?
B: Do you know what prawns are?
A: Yes.
B: OK. Well, shrimps are similar to prawns, but they are smaller. And shrimp cocktail is cold, cooked shrimps in a pink sauce similar to mayonnaise. It's served with some lettuce.

5. A: What about pancakes?
B: They're like crepes. And spinach is a dark green leafy vegetable. Have you ever tried stilton.
A: I don't think so. What is it?
B: It's a traditional English blue cheese.

Practice 3.2.2.

Ex. 1. Complete the dialogue. A should find out what B has seen and what he/she likes. B should help the conversation to flow.

A: Have you been to…before?
B: No
A: I see. Have you had time to look round the city?
B: Not much, but I like… so I went to… yesterday. I liked… very much.
A: Oh, good. And have you also been to…?
B: …? No, not yet. …?
A: It's in… If you like…, you should go there. They say it's the best…

Ex. 2. Complete the dialogue with appropriate phrases.

A: Here's menu, Mr. Clarke.
B: Thank you. Goodness, it's all in Greek!
A: Yes, I'm afraid so.____________________ recommend something?
B: ____________________, thank you.
A: Well, let's see. There's dolmades that's vine leaves stuffed with spiced meat.
B: That sounds nice.
A: By the way, before I forget _________ to dinner at my home this evening, if you're free?
B: ___________________, thank you very much.

Ex. 3. Draw up a short menu of dishes typical of your country. Then
(a) invite a visitor to dinner;
(b) recommend and explain something on the menu.

  Unit 4 Saying Good-bye Presentation 4.1. Concluding a Conversation
Phrases indicating you want to end the conversation Explanation
I'm afraid I must go/be going/be off now I really have to be leaving. Would you excuse me? I think I really should be going. I really should be getting back to my hotel. They are calling my flight. It's rather late and I've got an early morning meeting. I've got a lot to do this afternoon. It's getting very late and I've got an early morning flight.

e.g.: A: I'm afraid I must be going.
B: Must you really?
A: Yes, I'm afraid so. I've got some urgent work to do.
B: Well, I won't keep you then.

Saying goodbye Saying goodbye and concluding Comment
Good - bye. (formal) Bye (then). (neutral or informal) Bye - bye. Bye for now. See you (very colloquial, only among friends) See you/ later/tonight/on Saturday, etc.. at the party/concert, etc. (I'll) be seeing you. All the best Good luck Goodbye. I have enjoyed/It's been nice meeting you. Goodbye. I have enjoyed/It's been interesting talking to you. Goodbye, I'll see you next week. Bye and have a good holiday. (formal or neutral ) I'll look forward to seeing you when you're next in London/next time you are here. I'll see you in a couple of months/on Monday/later. (I hope you) enjoy your trip. (I hope you) have a good flight back. I hope the meeting goes well. (informal) See you soon/in a few days/ sometime next week. Keep in touch (and) enjoy the play/ have a good weekend/good luck. I'll keep in touch.

e.g.: 1.

A: Well, goodbye, Dr. Lenk. It's been very interesting talking to you. Thank you very much for giving up so much of your time.
B: That's all right, Mrs. Sanderson. Goodbye. I'm sorry I couldn't be of more help.

2. A: Anyway, Ann, they're calling my flight so I'd better get going. I don't want to have to rush like last time.
B: Okay Brad, goodbye and have a good flight back.
A: Sure thing. I'll see you sometime in the fall and we can go through some ideas for next year.

3. A: Are you having a coffee, Kate?
B: No, thanks, Tom. I really must be going. I've got an interview at three.
A: OK. See you later then. I hope everything goes well.

B: Thanks, Tom, bye.

4. A: Right then, that seems to be everything so I'll say goodbye and thank you. It's been a very useful meeting.
B: Good. Well, goodbye, Mr. Martinez. I'll look forward to seeing you in a couple of months.

5. A: Well, this is where I get off.
B: Let me give you a hand with your case.
A: Thank you.
B: Right, here you are. Have you got it?
A: Yes, thanks. So goodbye. I've enjoyed talking to you.
B: Goodbye, and don't forget that restaurant I told you about. It's really very good.
A: I won't forget. Goodbye.

Practice 4.1.

Ex.4.2.Conclude conversation in the situations below.

1. Somebody who works at your institute is about to leave on a week's trip to Germany.______________ Mike, I ____________________ well.
2. You are about to leave your office for the evening. One of the people you work with is still there._____________. Kate _____________________ evening.
3. You are seeing a guest off at the airport. This visitor is going to come back in a month._________________ Mr. Boyle, I'll ____________________ next month.
4. Your university has just been visited by a group of scientists from the U.S.A. The head of the delegation Dr. Clark visits your city from time to time.______________, Dr Clark and we'll ______________ when ______________ next over here.
5. You have been visiting an American university. Say good bye to another visitor who you were introduced to. __________________ Mr. Phillips. It ____________________ you.
6. You have been eating alone in a restaurant in New York. Say good-bye to the people sitting at the next table who you spoke to a lot during the meal.__________________ now. It _______________________ to you.
7. You are saying goodbye to a guest who is flying back home tomorrow evening. _________________ , Alan. I _________________________ flight back tomorrow.


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 619


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