Read these questions and share your answers with a partner. Then discuss as a class which opinions were the most controversial.
- Which of the two different approaches to controlling crime do you think is more effective? Why?
- Do you think your community has a high crime rate or a low crime rate? Explain.
- What is your opinion about controlling crime? Write A (agree) or D (disagree) next to the following opinions.
________ 1 Criminals should be punished. If people break the law, they deserve to pay the price, no matter why they did it.
________ 2 Having tough punishments can stop people from committing crimes. If we have severe punishments, people will think twice before they break the law.
________ 3 People need a second chance. If we try to reform criminals, by education, psychological treatment, or other methods, we can turn them away from a life of crime.
________ 4 We need to provide a sense of security in society. Putting people who break the law in prison is the only way to do that.
________ 5 The most important thing we can do is try to prevent crime before it happens. Prevention is always better than punishment.
2. Listening 1 INTERVIEW WITH DAVID: Preventing juvenile crime
| Here are some words and phrases from the interview with David printed in bold and given in the context in which you will hear them. They are followed by definitions.
I think the media exacerbates the problem: makes worse
We have thousands of security guards in the schools and metal detectors, too:
machines that can detect guns, knives, and other weapons made of metal
And the kids get searched as they go into school: physically examined to see if they have weapons or illegal drugs
They are more likely to lash out and become violent: express anger
Put them on a one-to-one basis and they're usually very friendly: with one other person
The problem is that social support systems have really fallen apart: government and private organizations that give people help and encouragement / become worse due to lack of money
The funding for programs like these has been cut: money
But we also need harsher punishments: stronger, more serious
1. Read the following questions before you listen to the interview with David, a young man who works with high school students before they go to college.
- What does David think causes young people to commit crimes?
- How do kids feel about school? Why?
- Does David believe that violent kids are products of their social environment, or that they have natural, biological tendencies to be that way?
- What kinds of programmes does David think schools should organize?
- Does David believe in harsh punishments?
Date: 2015-12-11; view: 971