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Module 1


1. How many people speak English as a first language:

a) 350 mln; b) 500 mln; c) 35 mln; d) 153 mln.


2. The subject matter of the History of the English Language covers

a) the English language in its interrelation with culture;

b) contacts of English with other related and unrelated languages;

c) the history of phonetic structure and spelling of the English language;

d) material culture of historically ancient and modern peoples;

e) the changing historical conditions of English speaking communities;

f) peculiarities of spreading of peoples throughout the world in the past and nowadays for determining ethnic borders;

g) language as a systematically composed body of words that exhibit regularity of structure and arrangement into sentences;

h) cultural and routine peculiarities of peoples of the world;

i) the evolution of the grammatical system of the English Language;

j) the growth of the vocabulary of the English Language.

3. The Comparative Historic Method aims at

a) establishing the differences and similarities of development of different countries with the same language;

b) comparing the way the cognate languages have been developing;

c) reconstructing earlier forms of a language or languages by comparing surviving forms in recorded languages

4. Who was the first to have noticed some similarity of Latin, Greek, English and Sanskrit and stated the hypothesis about a common language ancestor for them?

a) Rasmus Rask;

b) Franz Bopp;

c) William Jones;

d) Jacob Grimm.

5. The peoples speaking Proto-Indo-European are supposed to live

a) in southern Russia from some time after 5000 BC;

b) in northern part of modern Germany in 5 BC;

c) on the territory of the Scandinavian peninsular in 1000 BC.


6. The peoples speaking Proto-Indo-European are supposed to be called

a) the Slovaks;

b) the Kurgans;

c) the Anglo-Saxons.

7. Match the names of the scientists with the achievements associated with them:

a) A. Schleicher 1) the principle of regular sound changes between individual words in the Germanic languages and their cognates in Greek and Latin

b) F.Shmidt2) an internal connection between acts of general shift in the languages development (voiced→voiceless→fricatives→ voiced…)

c) Franz Bopp3) existence of a so called proto-language

4) the modern concept of conditioning environments


d) Rasmus Rask 5) “the family tree”

6) established the relationship of Old Norse to Gothic and of Lithuanian to Slavic, Greek, and Latin.

e) Jacob Grimm 7) the law of consonants correspondence in older Indo-European

8) “The theory of Waves”

f) Karl Verner 9) first to have given a description

of the original grammatical

structure of the Indo-European languages and to have investigated the origin of their grammatical forms

g) William Jones 10) analysis of the relationships

between the Indo-European languages z:\wikiIndo-European_languages





Germanic languages


1) to know the place of the Germanic languages among the world languages

2) to develop understanding of spreading of the Germanic languages

3) to know the main common features of the Germanic languages


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 1086

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Theme 3. Analysis of Development of Languages | Theme 4. A brief history of the Germanic Tribes
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