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Verbs Used in Recipes

boil, simmer, curdle milk, fry (to a golden colour), grill, roast, bake, heat, marinade, knead dough, stuff

stew (to cook by long slow simmering), casserole (similar, but in the oven), braise (to cook (meat, vegetables, etc.) by lightly browning in fat and then cooking slowly in a closed pan with a small amount of liquid)

chop, cut, cube, peel, core, poke, grate, mince, grind, crush (to a paste), mash, squeeze

beat, whisk, blend, mix, add, stir, season, sprinkle, decorate, powder, flake, flatten, pour, dip

strain, blanch, drain, coat, cool, chill, freeze, defrost, melt (butter; cakes that melt in the mouth), dissolve (to cause to become liquid – sugar in water), divide into, halve, disjoint, extract, gut

grease, lard, be done to a turn (just perfect, not overdone), be overcooked/overdone, be undercooked/underdone

Kitchen Utensils

tableware, cutlery, china, pot, pan, frying pan, sauce-pan, lid, baking can/tin, tin opener, bowl, sauce-boat, salt-cellar, sugar-basin, pepper-box, toaster, oven, napkin

Additional Vocabulary

menu, on the menu

cook, chef

waiter (waitress); BE barman / AE bartender

to run out of smth. (We’ve run out of sugar)

to help oneself / sb. to …; to treat sb. to smth.; helping; specialty

to drink a toast to sb.; to toast: Cheers! to sb.

to be thirsty; to be hungry; to be full; to be hungry as a hunter (bear)

to sit to (at) table; to order; to ask for a bill; to pay the bill; to tip

to prefer smth. to smth.; to pass smth. to sb.

to reserve a table; to order; to serve; to take away

let me have; What shall we have for …;What can you suggest for …

to lay the table; to clean the table; to collect the leftovers; to take a doggy-bag

restaurant, fast food restaurant, takeaway restaurant; café; coffee shop; (self service) cafeteria; canteen; bar; snack bar; pizzeria/pizza place


1. Guess what could be the result if you follow this recipe:

3 cups all-purpose or bread flour, plus more as needed 2 teaspoons instant yeast 2 teaspoons coarse kosher or sea salt, plus extra for sprinkling 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil

Combine the flour, yeast, and salt in a food processor. Turn the machine on and add 1 cup water and the oil through the feed tube. Process for about 30 seconds, adding more water, a little at a time, until the mixture forms a ball and is slightly sticky to the touch. If it is still dry, add another tablespoon or two of water and process for another 10 seconds. (In the unlikely event that the mixture is too sticky, add flour a tablespoon at a time.) Turn the dough onto a floured work surface and knead by hand for a few seconds to form a smooth, round dough ball. Put the dough in a bowl and cover with plastic wrap; let rise until the dough doubles in size, 1 to 2 hours. (You can cut this rising time short if you’re in a hurry, or you can let the dough rise more slowly, in the refrigerator, for up to 6 or 8 hours.) Proceed to Step 4 or wrap the dough tightly in plastic wrap or a zipper bag and freeze for up to a month. When the dough is ready, form it into a ball and divide it into 2 or more pieces if you like; roll each piece into a round ball. Put each ball on a lightly floured surface, sprinkle with flour, and cover with plastic wrap or a towel. Let rest until they puff slightly, about 20 minutes. Then make a thin plate out of each ball and put on it chopped meat, sausages, cheese, tomatoes and any other stuff you can have in the fridge. Bake for 20 minutes at medium temperature.

2. Provide a recipe of your favourite dish. You may make it yourself and take photos or video of the stages. I don’t think the teacher will mind you bringing your masterpiece to taste in class. Anyway, be able to TELL how to cook the dish.

3. http://www.smachno.in.ua/prygotuvannya.php?id=108 – use this link to practise your translating and describing skills: write your results in English.

Unit 6

Food idioms

1. have a sweet tooth

2. pie in the sky

3. be one’s cup of tea

4. like two peas in a pod

5. full of beans

6. as cool as a cucumber

7. a piece of cake

8. no use crying over spilt milk

9. nest egg

10. be an apple of one’s eye

11. a rotten apple

12. be selling like hot cakes

13. go bananas

14. go nuts

15. like an oven

16. peanuts

17. simmer down

18. eat a horse

19. peaches and cream

20. a breadwinner

Date: 2015-12-11; view: 993

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Fieldwork, Participant-observation, and other intellectual excursions | Make up 5 Ukrainian sentences in writing using equivalents to these idioms. Write them on a separate sheet of paper for your group mate to translate.
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