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Look at the title of the article and discuss the questions.

TOPIC 14.

THE SECRETS OF TRUE HAPPINESS

1. Look at the photo.

1. Would you say this glass is half empty or half full?

2. Do you think your answer reflects your character? How?

 

Look at the title of the article and discuss the questions.

1. What do you think are “the secrets of true happiness”?

2. Is it possible to learn how to be happy?

 

3. Skim the text.(Ignore the gaps at this stage.) What answers does the article give to the questions in task 1?

A happy nature is a gift we all wish we’d been born with. Everybody knows someone with this gift: the cheerful type of person with a positive attitude who will always say a glass is half full rather than half empty. It’s a person who is not easily putt off when things go wrong and who appears to lead a happier life as a result. Such people may be healthier too, since there seems to be a link between happiness and good health. But what is the secret of happiness? And how can we achieve it?

Psychologists define this feeling of well-being as “when thoughts and feelings about one’s life are mainly positive”. The key seems to be contentment with what you already have, emotionally, materially and professionally. The more people try to keep up with others, for example, the more likely they are to be dissatisfied with life. 1 _________.

David Lykken, Professor of Psychology at the University of Minnesota, is a leading specialist in happiness. As a result of studying 300 sets of twins, he now believes that happiness is more than 50 percent genetically determined. He also believes that we each have our own fixed “happiness points”, a level we always return to, whatever happens to us in life. 2 _____________.

But does this mean we are stuck with the level of happiness we were born with? Dr Michael Isaac, a psychiatrist, believes this is not necessarily the case. This is because although a person’s temperament is not easily changed, their character can be. The former determines what kind of things will make someone happy, but not how much pleasure that person obtains from them. 3 __________. This is why Dr Isaac believes we need to study happy people and learn how to be like them.

4 __________. They also tent to be interested in things other than themselves. This could be through their day-to-day work, for example, or to by caring for others less fortunate, or by having some kind of spiritual focus to their life.

Happy individuals also tend to relate to other people and are able to give and receive affection. 5 ____________. They are, therefore. More likely to belong to things like sports teams, choirs and political parties. Researches at Harvard University have found that people involved in such activities were happier than those who were not, and that this had nothing to do with how well-off people were financially.

Another factor in happiness appears to be physical activity. Exercise improves a person’s mood and gets rid of tension. But there must be a balance between activity and rest, because stress results in unhappiness. 6 __________.



But mental activity can be just as important. Psychologists believe it’s possible to train yourself to recognize happiness and, therefore, fell the benefits of it more often. 7 ___________. One way of doing this is to set yourself the task of noticing, say, five different moments in the day. The more you recognize when there’s a decision to be made about how you feel, the better you’ll become at choosing happiness over misery, it is claimed.

 

4. Read the text again. Eight sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentencesA-H the one which fits each gap (1-7). There is one extra sentence, which you do not need to use.

 

A. That’s why being pert of a social group, such as a family, a community or a club adds to their overall sense of well-being.

B. Such people, for example, seem to find satisfaction in activities which are meaningful and give a feeling of personal achievement.

C. The latter develops in response to the experiences a person has during his or her life.

D. There will always be someone else with more than you, so trying to compete can often lead to frustration and anxiety.

E. To avoid this, it is important to pick a sport or activity you enjoy and which you do when you want to, rather than when you think you should.

F. In other words, no matter how happy or unhappy an individual event may make us, this is just a temporary state.

G. The key, apparently, is not taking your feeling for granted, but rather learning to celebrate them.

H. Other scientists, however, maintain that happiness is not so difficult to achieve.

 

5. Discussion.

1. What did you find most interesting about the article? From your own experience, is there anything you strongly agree or disagree with?

2. What advice in the article do you think you would like to try?

 

 

TEXT 2


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 790


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