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Read and translate the dialogue

Student: Who really owns the bank?

Banker: The stockholders own it. In the beginning, they put up the necessary capital and were granted a charter from the government,

S.: Are the members of the board of directors stockholders?

B.: Oh, yes. They're chosen by the other stockholders to operate the bank.

S.: And the board hires the president and the vice-presidents to manage it?

Β.: That's right. Along with the cashier, the tellers and the clerical workers.

S.: I guess most of your work has to do with checking and savings accounts and making loans.

Β.: Yes. But we invest money too. Planning the bank's investments is also very important.

S.: Do you divide all the profits among the stockholders?

Β.: Not all of them. The stockholders receive regular dividends. But some of our earnings are held in reserve accounts.

S.: I suppose that would be necessary.

B.: Here's a copy of our last published statement. You see, the reserves are shown here as surplus and undivided profits.

3. Answer the following questions based on the dialogue:

1. Who owns the bank?

2. Who chooses the board?

3. What's the board's task?

4. Who hires the employees?

5. What are the bank's main activities?

6. How are the stockholders kept informed?

Read and translate Text A

Text A

The English commercial banks have branches in all the major towns and a similar structure and mode of working is common to them all. The owners are the shareholders. At the outset they provide the necessary capital. They are all organized on the joint stock principle and are registered public companies. The Chairman and Board of Directors are elected by the ordinary shareholders at the Annual General Meeting and are responsible for the efficient management of the bank. The Board is concerned with the over-all policy of the bank and the major decisions which put that policy into effect.

The Board will appoint a Managing Director who is directly responsible to them and a member of the Board. They will also appoint the most senior executives who in turn appoint the rest of the clerical staff who will be responsible in different capacities for the day to day run­ning of the bank.

The essence of a bank's activities is the collection of deposits through current accounts and deposit accounts and the use of these funds to provide loans or funds for investment. The current account is the one commonly held and is drawn upon by cheques and standing orders. The deposit account is more in the nature of a savings account. The pattern of investments which a bank decides upon is crucial because, on the one hand, the bank must use the funds wisely to make a profit and, on the other, funds must be available for depositors to withdraw when they wish to do so.

At the end of each business year the Directors recommend and the Annual General Meeting decides how much of the profit should be distributed to the shareholders as dividend, and how much should be retained in the business. In preparation for the Annual General Meeting a bank publishes its Report and Accounts. These must be sent to every shareholder and are also available for anyone with an interest in the affairs of the bank. From the published accounts shareholders can easily determine the total profits the bank has earned and how much is available for distribution.

5. Answer the following questions based on Text A:

1. Who owns the English commercial bank?

2. How does a bank start?

3. What is the Board's task?

4. Who hires the employees?

5. What are the bank's main activities?

6. How are the profits distributed?

6. Explain the following expressions.

To raise capital, to become a public company, to put money into business, an account in a bank from which money can be drawn by cheque, profits not paid out as dividends, to run a bank, to increase annual profit, to be a shareholder, to write a standing order.

7. Choose the right answer:

1. The people who decide the general policy of the bank are:

a) shareholders, b) the board of directors, c) the executive staff.

2. The bank's financial position can be discovered from:

a) a report, b) an announcement, c) a statement.

3. Bank profits kept back for later use are:

a) withdrawals, b) surplus, c) retained profits.

4. Earnings remaining after all the expenses of a business activity have been paid are:

a) dividend, b) capital, c) profit.

5. Money which one person allows another to use for a specified time and which will then be returned is:

a) investment, b) loan, c) interest.

6. The deposit account is more in the nature of:

a) a savings account, b) a current account, c) a cheque.

7. The Board will appoint a:

a) Commercial Loan Officer, b) Managing Director, c) President.

8.Complete the following sentences in English:

1. The English commercial banks have …

2. The Board is concerned with …

3. The essence of a bank's activities is …

4. The current account is drawn upon by …

5. At the end of each business year the Directors …

6. In preparation for the Annual General Meeting a bank …

7. Report and Accounts must be sent …

9. Fill in the blanks with proper words or phrases.

1. The board appoints the … and the …

2. An employee in a bank who pays out and receives money is called a …

3. The Board of Directors is elected by the …

4. The Board may distribute … to the shareholders out of the profits once or twice a year.

5. The.. may be high even after all the bank's expenses are paid.

6. A bank will need to seek approval for a large … to a customer.

7. The Board will discuss the bank's … in other businesses.

Date: 2015-12-11; view: 2253

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