Exercise 4. First read then report what the flight attendant told the passengers before takeoff.
a) You must fasten your seatbelt.
b) You can’t smoke on this flight.
c) You can’t use your mobile phone.
d) You mustn’t inflate your life jacket.
e) You should take off high heeled shoes in case of emergency.
f) You should put your excess hand luggage under the seat in front of you.
g) You have to put your hand luggage in the overhead locker.
h) You mustn’t block the emergency exits.
i) You can’t take any pets aboard.
j) You can’t carry any dangerous items in your luggage.
Work in groups. One group is going to speak about travelling by plane and ship another by car and train. Your task is to prove that your chosen means of travelling are the best and provide your proofs and facts. Rely on your travelling experience, name advantages and disadvantages. And how the last ones may be omitted. Later present your team work to your opponent group. (Annexes A, B may be a little bit of help. “Travelling” text may give you some hints to your presentation). You may use clues in the box.
We think that… To our mind, … We believe that… We can’t be certain, but we think…
We could be wrong, but we think… You’ll not agree with us, but… This is what we think…The main point is… The most important thing is The trouble is…On the one hand… on the other hand… Accordingly, …Which means/meant
Is similar to… both… as…as …resembles… …is like… neither…nor either …or
When travelling over land there are three main ways of doing so, a flight, a train ride, or driving yourself. I guess you could walk or run but, I’m talking about cross country travel. There are expensive and inexpensive ways of travel, some fast, some slow, most fun, others boring. Out of these three ways you must decide how you want to go based on your budget, time, and the quality of travel you prefer.
The fastest way of travel would be by plane. If time is a major issue, a flight would be the best mode of transportation for you. A flight can also be easier to schedule, there are hundreds of flights leaving every half-hour, in every direction from and to almost every airport in the world. Besides being fast and convenient, studies have shown it’s also safer. Statistics show that air travelling is one of the safest ways to travel, based on its passenger to crash ratio. A flight from California to New York (round trip) could cost anywhere from $500.00 to $2,500.00+, depending on which class (or section) you purchase your ticket for. On most commercial planes there are three sections of seating, where you sit depends on your willingness to pay. There’s first class; which is very luxurious. This is the most expensive section to sit in. It has more leg room, larger and softer chairs, better service, and hand prepared meals instead of the processed food the rest of the plane gets. Next is coach or business class; which is the middle section, it’s somewhat luxurious. You get some leg room, descent service but, you still get processed food. For anyone who wants real food better spend a little extra money and fly first class. At the back of the plane you'll find the economy class; which is one of the cheaper ways to fly. The service isn’t great, the leg room is non-existent, and you’re one of the last people to get off of the plane when it lands. So, you’re one of the last ones to get to the baggage claim, by the time you get there either your bags have passed by, or you’re stuck behind thirty people who have no clue of what to do, so it takes you that much longer to retrieve your bags.
Another way to travel is by train. On a cross country trip you would have sleeping quarters; which would have a bed and bathrooms for yourself. During the ride you could stay in your room or roam around to the different cars; which have various uses. Traveling by train can be very relaxing you can sit by a window while having a meal or snack and enjoy the view of the countryside, or engage in conversation with another passenger at the bar while having a drink. The only thing is time; it would take a couple of days to go cross country by train. Another thing is you can only stop where the train is schedule to. The good thing is that you can sleep, eat, take a shower, kick back and relax as the conductor controls the train. You don’t have to worry about the controls; it’s not like your driving.
Driving yourself cross country is a mode of transportation which a lot of people have started doing more of. A major down fall is the time it takes to get from point A to point B, it takes so long and is so uncomfortable most people would rather pay extra for a plane or a train ticket. If you choose driving cross country, you can do so by either taking a car (renting a car or taking your own), or in a recreation vehicle or R.V. Of these choices, most people would choose to rent a car or R.V., normally you would use you own car for short trips. A R.V. is good for the long trips with family or friends, because it can seat from five to ten people depending on the size of the vehicle. Also you control where you go, sleep, when and where you eat, and for how long you would do these things. You’re not on anyone’s schedule; you can change your destination in the middle of your trip if you wanted to. In a car you have these same freedoms, except to sleep, you would have to stop somewhere to sleep. You could sleep in the car but, it would most likely be very uncomfortable. When driving a distance of this nature you want to get plenty of rest. Having made trips like this, and trying to drive straight though, after a day or two with no sleep you start to see thing that aren't there. It’s been documented that if you are driving on a straight road for long periods of time without any sudden movements, you can start to fall in a trance; where you can go to sleep or you can stay in the trance but, you are in a mode of being awake and sleep at the same time. This is how a lot of accidents happen. Driving long distances isn’t for everyone, it takes some who can enjoy their own company, and who won’t go crazy when it seems they are on an endless road. One of the most expensive parts of trip would be gas; the average price per gallon nationwide is about a dollar and sixty cents. If you figure the average car/truck holds about twenty gallons of gas and get about eighteen miles to the gallon, it would cost about thirty-two dollars to fill up, and you would have to fill up around ten times if the trip was about three thousand miles. Meaning it would cost you three hundred twenty dollars for gas alone.