Give advice on how to become more environment-friendly.
Today people are aware that our life depends on the state of the environment. We must review our wasteful, careless ways, we must consume less, recycle more, protect wildlife and nature. Governments must be prepared to take action against pollution. We should remove factories and plants from cities, use modern technologies, modify systems for cleaning. Green zones around cities must be protected and extended. Natural resources should be used more economically because their stocks are not unlimited. I believe that environmental disasters can be avoided if people broaden their ecological education. Different nongovernmental organizations and agencies work actively to protect nature. They hold conferences discussing ecological problems, set up environmental research centres and take practical measures to avoid ecological catastrophe. If we don't realize that we are all responsible for what's happening around us we will never feel secure about the future of the world we live in.
5. Why is it so important to preserve rain forests do you think?
The destruction of the rain forests has a major impact on the world climate. The tropical rain forest is a natural recycler and protector for our planet. Some of tropical forests die from acid rains, others are cut down. They disappear at an alarming rate. If man continues to cut down rain forests, more than one million species of plants and animals will become extinct by the year of 2030.
1. Let’s talk about Britain. What do you know about this country?
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of four formerly independent countries. They are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh, the capital of Wales is Cardiff, the capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast and the capital of England is London. The country is surrounded by seas on and is separated from the continent by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. The British Isles consist of more than 5,000 small islands. The biggest of them is Great Britain. The geographical position favoured the development of the United Kingdom as a great sea country. It's famous for great geographical discoveries and glorious victories of the British fleet. The country occupies an area of over 242,000 sq miles. The population is about 57 million people. About 80 per cent of the population live in town. The scenery and the landscape of Great Britain are very diverse. There you can find flat valleys and high land, forests and lake areas. The highest mountain peaks are Ben Nevis in Scotland and Snowdon in Wales. The rivers in Great Britain are not long. The Thames is the most important waterway in the country, though the longest rivers are the Severn and the Mersy. As for the climate of Great Britain it is moderate and mild due to the influence of the warm waters of the Gulf Stream. There is a lot of rain in autumn and winter. The weather in Britain is very changeable and the English even say they have no climate but only weather which through centuries has become a favourite topic of conversation with the British. The United Kingdom is a highly developed industrial state. Historically British industry started chiefly as heavy and textile industry. The United Kingdom produces and exports iron and steel products, machinery and electronics. The biggest industrial centres are London, Glasgow, Liverpool, Sheffield, Birmingham and Manchester. The chief agricultural crops are wheat, barley, oats, potatoes and fodder grasses. The UK is a prosperous state with high living standards. I have always been interested in the history of Great Britain, its world famous literature and music, rock music in particular I hope that one day I'll be able to visit this country and see its sights with my own eyes.
2. What does the term “parliamentary monarchy” mean?
The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy and the Queen/Queen Elizabeth II is the head of the state. The Queen is a symbol of the country’s history and its traditions. But in practice it is ruled by the government formed by the Parliament. The Parliament consists of two Chambers: the House of Lords a the House of Commons.
The main political parties are the Conservatives, the Labour party and the Liberal-Social Democratic Party. The Conservative Party is in power at present and its leader David Cameron heads the government.
3. What would you like to ask a British teenager about Britain? (Ask 3 questions.)
1) How do the English teenagers like to spend their free time?
2) What are the most popular sports in Great Britain?
3) Why is weather a typical topic of conversation in Great Britain?
4. What sights of England would you advise me to visit?(Topic 9 “Sights of Great Britain” Question 1)
5. They say it’s important for a person to speak English nowadays because it’s popular all over the world. What is your opinion? (Topic 1 “Future Profession” Question 4)