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Exercise 20.1:Some/any

Insert some or any, making the appropriate compounds (for example, somebody, anything) if necessary.

 

1 There's . . . milk in that jug.

2 She wanted . . . stamps but there weren't... in the machine.

3 I'm afraid there isn't . . . coffee left; will you grind . . . ?

4 Is there . . . one here who speaks Italian?

5 I'd like to buy . . . new clothes but I haven't. . . money.

6 There's . . . gin in the cupboard but there aren't . . . glasses.

7 They can't have . . . more strawberries; I want... to make jam.

8 ... one I know told me ... of the details.

9 Have you . . . idea who could have borrowed your bicycle?

 

10 I saw hardly . . . one I knew at the party, and I didn't get... thing to drink.

11 When would you like to come? ~ . . . day would suit me.

12 Are there . . . letters for me?

13 Don't let... one in. I'm too busy to see . . . body.

14 ... thing tells me you've got. . . bad news for me.

15 I can't see my glasses . . . where.

16 We didn't think he'd succeed but he managed . . . how.

17 You're looking very miserable; has . . . thing upset you?

18 If you had . . . sense you wouldn't leave your car unlocked.

19 Scarcely . . . one was wearing a dinner jacket.

20 ... one who believes what Jack says is a fool.

21 She put her handbag down . . . where and now she can't find it.

22 Will you have . . . pudding or ... fruit?

23 Haven't you got. . . friends in Rome? I feel sure you mentioned them once.

24 Haven't you got. . . friends here? You should join a club and get to know people.

25 I see you haven't . . . maps. Would you like to borrow ... of mine?

26 ... one can tell you how to get there. (Everyone knows the way.)

27 Come and have supper with us if you aren't doing . . . thing tonight.

28 I ... how imagined the house would be much larger.

29 All the salaries are being paid much later now; it's . . . thing to do with the computer.

 

Hardly, barely, rarely, seldom, etc.: Remember that in an English sentence it is usually incorrect to have two negatives together. This is called a double negative and is not acceptable in standard English. The following words have a negative meaning and, thus, must be used with a positive verb.

John rarely comes to class on time. (John usually does not come to class on time.)

Jerry hardly studied last night. (Jerry studied very little last night.)

She scarcely remembers the accident. (She-almost doesn't remember the accident.)

We seldom see photos of these animals. (We almost never see photos of these animals.)

Jane barely arrived on time. (Jane almost didn't arrive on time.)

I hardly ever go to sleep before midnight. (I usually don't go to sleep before midnight.)

 

Commands

A command is an imperative statement. One person orders another to do something.. It can be preceded by please. The understood subject is you. Use the simple form of the verb.

Close the door.

Leave the room.

Please turn off the light.



Open your book.

Open the window.

Be quiet.

 

Negative commands: A negative command is formed by adding the word don't before the verb.

Don't close the door.

Please don't turn off the light.

Don't open the window.

Indirect commands: Usually the verbs order, ask, tell, or say are used to indicate an indirect command. They are followed by the infinitive [to + verb].

John told Mary to close the door.

Jack asked Jill to turn off the light.

The teacher told Christopher to open the window.

Please tell Jaime to leave the room.

John ordered Bill to open his book.

The policeman ordered the suspect to be quiet.

 

Negative indirect commands: To make an indirect command negative, add the particle not before the infinitive.

subject + verb + complement + not + verb in infinitive

 

John told Mary not to close the door.

Jack asked Jill not to turn off the light.

The teacher told Christopher not to open the window.

Please tell Jaime not to leave the room.

John ordered Bill not to open his book.

 


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 878


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