1. Permanent, habitual actions or states.
2. Universal truth
3. Finished actions in the past and spontaneous actions in the future.
1. Actions taking place at the particular moment, process.
2. Actions happening about pointed time but not necessarily at the moment of speaking.
3. The nearest future ( for Present Continuous) + to be going to ( intention).
4. frequently repeated actions annoying the speaker with always.
1. Action completed to the particular moment and the result not the action itself is important.
2. Action that has ever/never been experienced.
Action that began in the past and is still continuing or has only just finished (Perfect Continuous is also possible).
Present: V0, V-s/-es (do, does)
Past: V2 (did + V0)
Future: shall/will + V0
Passive: to be + V3
Active: to be + V-ing
Passive: to be being + V3
Active: to have + V3
Passive: to have been + V3
Always sometimes usually never ever seldom rarely often regularly occasionally yesterday tomorrow in 1966 the other day during the war
this(week, month, year) last(week, month, year) next(week, month, year)
At the moment now
at 5 o’clock yesterday when he came
while I was reading
from …. till….
Note: verbs of the senses, feelings and emotions, mental activity, possession and sometimes auxiliaries are not normally used in the continuous tenses
Already/yet ever never often just lately recently by 5 o’clock by the end of the week
before you came for since
Ex.1. Complete the sentences with the correct tenses.
1. "How do you start work on a film?" "I (read) the script and make notes."
2. "I (make) notes of our interview. I hope you don't mind." "No, that's OK."
3. 'What languages (you speak)?" "English, French and Spanish."
4. "I'm glad we (do) this interview in English. My French isn't very good."
5. "Who (play) that guitar?" "My son, when he has time."
6. "Who (play) the piano upstairs?" "My sister. She's got a concert tomorrow."
7. "What (she play)?" "I think it's a piece by Mozart."
8. "(she play) anything else?" "The violin. She's very musical."
9. "Your daughter is very keen on sport, isn't she?" "She (play) tennis."
10. "Where is she now?" "She (play) tennis, as usual."
11. "What's that delicious smell?" "My husband (cook)."
12. "Is that usual?" "Yes, normally I (shop) and my husband (cook)."
13. "What a lovely clock!" "It (not work), I'm afraid - it's been broken for years."
14. "Could I use your phone?" "I'm afraid it (not work) at the moment.
Ex.2. Complete the quotations with the verbs in the box.
come do(twice) get happen hate(twice) love
make sing start teach wait wash
1. He who can, ______. He who cannot, __________. G.B.Shaw
2. It's not that I'm afraid to die. I just don't want to be there when it _____. Woody Allen
3. He's fanatically tidy. After he takes a bath, he ______ the soap. Hugh Leonard
4. Opera is when a guy _____ knifed in the back and, instead of bleeding, he _______. Ed Gardner
5. Never marry a man who _____ his mother; he'll end up hating you. Jill Bennett
6. The brain is a wonderful organ. It ______ working the moment you get up in the morning, and it _____ not stop until you get to the office. Robert Frost
7. A man who _____ whisky and _____ kids can't be all bad. W.C.Fields
8. The man who ______ no mistakes does not usually make anything. E.J.Phelps
9. Everything _____ to him who _______. Traditional
Ex.3. Put in the correct tense.
1. Vegetarians are people who (not eat) meat.
2. Look out! My husband (come).
3. Some people still think the sun (go) round the earth.
4. I (play) tennis every weekend.
5. Who (sit) in my chair?
6. What (happen) in golf if you lose the ball?
7. An alcoholic is a person who (drink) too much and can't stop.
8. Look! She (wear) the same shoes as me.
9. 'What (look) at?' 'A strange bird.'
10. I (stay) with John for a few weeks until my flat's ready.
11. We usually (stay) with Peggy when we go to Chicago.
12. Can you explain why water always (run) downhill?
13. What (do) with my coat?
14. Nobody (get) up early for fun.
15. Not many passenger planes (fly) faster than sound.
Ex.4. Put in the correct forms.
Hope things are OK with you. The doctor (1 come) yesterday. He (2 not like) my cough. I (3 lie) in bed looking at the ceiling since Tuesday, and I can tell you, I'm fed up with it. I (4 never be) ill like this before - don't know what's happening to me. And the weather's terrible. It (5 rain) all day, and I can't even have a cup of tea to cheer myself up, because the milkman (6 not come) this morning. Don't know why - I'm sure I (7 pay) his bill.
Alice (8 get) married last week, so now all Mary's kids (9 leave) home. She won't know what to do with herself, will she?
Lucy Watson (10 move) to Doncaster. Since Fred (11 die) she (12 be) all alone. It (13 be) a heart attack, apparently. I'm sorry she (14 go) - we (15 be) neighbours (16 since/for) over thirty years, and she (17 always be) friendly and ready to help out.
Amy (18 leave). My cleaning lady, you remember? I'm glad. She (19 not be) much use, and I (20 not trust) her since she (21 break) all those plates and (22 say) it (23 be) the cat.
Ther (24 not be) much change in the village. Some new people (25 take) over the shop. They seem quite nice. Hope they're more efficient than old Joe.
No more news. Write when you've got the time.
Ex.5. Choose the right tenses (present perfect, past or past perfect; simple or progressive).
1. Reports are coming in that (crash) near Birmingham. According to eyewitnesses, it (hit) a concrete block which somebody (put) on the line.
2. Halfway to the office Paul (turn) round and (go) back home, because he (forget) to turn the gas off.
3. I (do) housework all day today. I (clean) every room in the house.
4. I (lie) in bed thinking about getting up when the doorbell (ring).
5. It wasn't surprising that she (start) getting toothache. She (not go) to the dentist for two years.
6. I (play) a lot of bridge recently.
7. When I (get) home everybody (watch) TV.
8. We (not see) your mother for ages.
9. How long (you learn) English?
10. London (change) a lot since we first (come) to live here.
11. 'How many times (you see) this film?' 'This is the first time I (see) it.'
12. "Who is that?' 'I (never see) him before in my life.'
13. I hear Joe (get) married last summer.
14. I (often wonder) where she (get) her money.
15. (You read) Pam Marshall's latest book?
16. They (just discover) a new fuel - it's half the price of petrol, and much cleaner.
17. (You hear) the storm last night?
18. My sister (be) married three times.
19. While she (talk) on the phone the children (start) fighting and (break) a window.
20. He used to talk to us for hours about all the interesting things he (do) in his life.
21. You know, she (stand) looking at that picture for the last twenty minutes.
22. The old cross (stand) on top of the hill as long as anybody can remember.
23. I (spend) a lot of time travelling since I (get) this new job.
24. When I (be) at school we all (study) Latin.
25. After he (finish) breakfast he (sit) down to write some letters.
26. When I (meet) him he (work) as a waiter for a year or so.
27. I (never learn) to ski.
28. (you finish) with the bathroom yet?
29. We (live) in Scotland until I (be) eighteen.
30. She (have) a hard life, but she's always smiling.
Ex.6. Choose the right tenses (present perfect, past or past perfect; simple or progressive).
Going to the Pictures
That afternoon we all (1 get) ready to go to the pictures. We (2 get) a 63 bus to take us to the Elephant and Castle, because the pictures are just next door. There (3 be) a great big queue waiting to go in and we (4 be) at the very back. Soon we (5 get) in. The picture (6 already start) and it was very dark in there. We had to go down some stairs to get to our seats but instead of walking down them we (7 fall) down them. Soon we were in our seats. We (8 sit) there watching the film when something (9 hit) me on the head. It was an ice-cream tub. I (10 turn) round to see who it was and a little boy who (11 sit) two rows behind me said, 'I am very sorry. It wasn't meant to hit you. It was meant to hit the boy in front.'